Agatha is a county which is apart of the Kingdom of Kazulia. It is bordered by Dreton to the South-East, Flindar to the South-West and the White Ocean to the North. Agatha's geography is mainly mountainous with various Fjords and summits.
Agathan national identity emerged among the Kazulians after the Luthorian withdrawal from Kazulia in the early 27th century. Agathan national feeling grew over the centuries since the formation of the Kingdom of Kazulia, following independence from Luthori; Agathan Kansanpuolue was formed in 3809 and the Sullestian Language Society in 4521. Established under the Government of Agatha Act, the Legislative Assembly for Agatha holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters.
At the dawn of Kazulia's Industrial Revolution, development of the oil and natural gas and metallurgical industries transformed the country from a predominantly fishing society into an industrial nation; the White Ocean Gas exploitation caused a rapid expansion of Agatha's population. Two-thirds of the population live in Northern Agatha along the nation's coastline where Kazulia's oil and gas industry was first developed. Although the nation is still heavily dependent on oil and natural gas as a source of revenue, there have been active attempts to diversify the nation's economics away from the petrochemicals industry.
Due to its mountainous terrain for many years Agatha remained isolated with a small native population of several thousand. Despite evidence that shows wars between the native populations for the most part the several tribes in the area fought between each other. It was settled the latest out of all current Kazulian provinces and for the most part remained quite backwards until the arrival of colonists. Colonists from Luthori began settling in what we now know as Agatha. These have proved aggressive throughout their colonisation however as progressive as overall all native tribes in Kazulia have been they adopted quickly. For much of its prehistory, it was a quiet land with few people hunting and gathering what they could to survive. Much of their tools and even some clothing have been discovered in glaciers which have now melted due to the destruction of the environment by settlers earlier. Once colonists poured from Dranland as well as Greater Hulstria - Agatha became an important economic centre. Having many polar animals as well as fish it became an economic powerhouse with not only nature to enrich its settlers but also precious minerals which have yet not been depleted after hundreds of years. This into modern era has - however, disappeared quickly upon the discovery of oil and natural gas within Kazulia. Agatha was transformed from a fishing country to the oil and natural gas giant it remains today as the home of Kazulia's oil and gas industry.
See also: Geography of Kazulia
Agatha is the fourth largest province with an area of 138,600 km². Most of its population densely populated on the coastal and mountainous regions. Agatha's highest mountain is Mont. Brunahaugr, which is located at the centre of the province and runs down to the border with Dreton. Agatha is bordered by the White Ocean to the north, Flindar and Dreton to the south, the Dankukin provinces of Reunii and Eljang to the west, the Northern Dovanian province of Altervanger to the east. The territory of Agatha is extremely rich in resources in its coniferous forests, lakes, rivers, paper, lumber, and hydroelectricity are still some of the province's most important industries. The far north of the province, the island of Arenheim, is subarctic or arctic and is mostly inhabited by Inuit.
The most populous region is Arenvanger in the north, which is the province's largest city and capital. North of the southern-most city of Sognheim is Mont. Brunahaugr, and to the east are the Bornholm Mountains which extends into Northern Dovani and runs along the nation's coast. The island of Arenheim although considered a special arctic claim, is still considered as a special region within the province. Agatha has two main climate regions. Northern and Southern Agatha, including most of the major population centres, have a humid continental climate with warm, humid summers and long, cold winters. The main climatic influences are from the white sea and northern Dreton which pushes cold currents southerly and northerly respectively.
Government and politics Edit
Agatha is a country that is apart of the Kingdom of Kazulia. Constitutionally, Kazulia is a federal constitutional monarchy. Agatha held a referendum in 4685 and chose to establish a form of self-government. The consequent process of devolution began with the Government of Agatha Act 4690, which created the Legislative Assembly of Agatha (Welsh: Kotiin Lainsäädäntökokous). Powers of the County Governor were transferred to the devolved government on 4690, granting the Assembly the power to decide how the Skalm's government's budget for devolved areas is spent and administered and also the ability to craft legislation specific to the needs and aspirations of the Agathan people. Powers of the Legislative Assembly are exercises within 20 devolved areas, such as health and education. The Assembly has 30 members, known as Assembly Members (Edustajakokouksen Jäsenet). Members (AMs (AJ's)) are elected to four-year terms under an additional member system. The Assembly must elect a Minister-President, who selects ministers to form the Agathan Government.
Emergency Services Edit
Agatha is policed by the Police of Agatha, a statutory authority. Established in 4685 at the advent of the federal constitution, the Police of Agatha investigates Summary and Indictable offences throughout the State of Agatha. The state has two fire services: the volunteer based Agatha Rural Fire Service, which is responsible for the majority of the state, and the Fire and Rescue Agatha, a government agency responsible for protecting urban areas. There is some overlap in due to sub-urbanisation. Ambulance services are provided through the Agathan Ambulance Service. Rescue services (i.e. vertical, road crash, confinement) are a joint effort by all emergency services, with Ambulance Rescue, Police Rescue Squad and Fire Rescue Units contributing. Volunteer rescue organisations include the Agathan State Emergency Service (ASES) and the Agathan Volunteer Services (AVS).
Agatha's economy is one of the strongest on the Dovanian continent, supported by the burgeoning petroleum industry and to a lesser extent, agriculture and technology. In 4507 Agatha's per capita GDP exceeded that of Dankuk, Hulstria and Lourenne and was the highest of any state in Kazulia at 84,390KKR.
The Arenvanger-Sognheim Corridor is the most urbanised region in the state and one of the densest in Kazulia. The region's population stands at around 7.6 million (65% of the state's population It is also one of the fastest-growing regions in the country. In 4690, Merchandise exports totalled 90 billion KKR. Energy revenues totalled 207.7 billion KKR and Energy resource exports totalled 120.8 billion KKR. Cash receipts from agricultural products totalled 10 billion KR . Shipments of forest products totalled 3 billion KKR while exports were 3.5 billion KKR.
Manufacturing sales totalled 90 billion KKR, and Agatha's ICT industries generated over 20 billion KKR in revenue. In total, Agatha's 4690 GDP amassed 708 billion KKR. In the period 4691-4694, Agatha's GDP grew despite low oil prices; however, it was unstable with growth rates as high 7% and as low as 0.1%. Should the GDP remain at an average of 3% for the last two quarters of 4694, Agatha's GDP should exceed 730 billion KKR by the end of 4695. However, the University of Agatha's Fiscal Policies Department research predicts Agatha's real GDP growth to only average 1.6% for the last two quarters of of 4695.
Along with Hent, Agatha's greenhouse gas emissions are over three times the national per capita average with no plan to significantly reduce emissions in the future.
Ever since the discovery of oil in Kazulia, energy has been a dominant force politically and economically within the state. The Department of Energy regulates the state's oil and gas industry, gas utilities, electrical utilities, pipeline safety, safety in the liquefied petroleum gas industry, and surface coal and uranium mining. Concurrently, the department controlled the price of petroleum alongside the Resources Management Commission because of its ability to regulate Agatha's oil reserves. Several petroleum companies are based in Texas such as: Gasstrien, Alternex Verdalros, SP Energy, Taikon Energy, the Downstream Company, the Upstream Company, Pan-Oceanic Energy and Eastern Gas.
Agatha is the largest producer of conventional crude oil, synthetic crude, natural gas and gas in Kazulia. Agatha is among world's largest exporter and producer of natural gas. Two of the four the largest producers of petrochemicals in the Northern Hemisphere are located in northern Agatha. In both Arenvanger and Sognheim, polyethylene and vinyl manufacturers produce products that are shipped throughout terra. Sognheim's oil refineries provide the raw materials for a large petrochemical industry in Arenvanger.
Unlike the rest of the nation, most of Agatha is on its own alternating current power grid, the Agathan Electric Connection. Agatha currently leads the nation in total net electricity production, generating 400,000 MWh, more than Hent, which ranked second. As an independent nation, Agatha would rank as one of the world's largest producers of electricity.
Agathan Petroleum Fund Edit
The Agathan Petroleum Fund is a constitutionally authorised appropriation of oil and natural gas revenue and managed by a state-owned corporation, the Agatha Petroleum Fund Company. It was established in 4689 to manage a surplus in state petroleum revenues from oil and gas. Since its initial conception, dividends from the fund's annual growth have been paid out each year to eligible Agathans, ranging from an initial 1,000KKR in 4689 to 5,000KKR in 4700. Every year, the legislative assembly takes out 8% from the earnings, puts 3% back into the principal for inflation proofing, and the remaining 5% is distributed to all qualifying Agathans. To qualify for the Petroleum Fund Dividend, one must have lived in the state for a minimum of 12 months, maintain constant residency and not be subject to criminal proceedings or convictions.
Due to the northern climate, terrain and short growing season, relatively little farming occurs in Agatha. The short 100-day growing season limits the crops that can be grown, but the long sunny summer days make for productive growing seasons. The primary crops are potatoes, carrots, lettuce, and cabbage.
Agathan agriculture has experienced a surge in growth of market gardeners, small farms and farmers' markets in recent years, with the highest percentage increase (30%) in the nation in growth in farmers' markets. The Sylvie Joy industry has also taken off, as the growing season allows farmers to harvest during a gap in supply elsewhere in the world, thereby filling a niche in the flower market.
Alaska has an abundance of seafood, with the primary fisheries in the White Ocean. Seafood is one of the few food items that is often cheaper within the state than outside it. Many Agathans take advantage of salmon seasons to harvest portions of their household diet while fishing for subsistence, as well as sport. This includes fish taken by hook, net or wheel.
Because of its rugged, varying topography, Agatha requires thousands of kilometres of state highways to connect its communities. Agatha's roads systems were notoriously poorly maintained and dangerous until a concentrated programme of improvement was initiated in the 3500s. There are now freeways in northern, central and southern portions of the state. Much of the rest of the province, where traffic volumes are generally low, is accessible by well-maintained generally high-mobility two-lane arterial highways with additional passing lanes in mountainous areas and usually only a few stop-controlled intersections outside the main urban areas.
Built around 2450, the Trans Agathan Railroad (TAR) played a key role in the development of Agatha through its recent history. It links White Sea shipping through providing critical infrastructure with tracks that run from the coast to Interior Agatha, passing through Sognheim and Arenvanger with extensions to Åndalnes and Verdalsund being built centuries later in the 3500s. The cities, towns, villages, and region served by TAR tracks are known as the Belt or "Vyöhyke". In recent years, the ever-improving paved highway system began to eclipse the railroad's importance in Agatha's economy.
The railroad played a vital role in Agatha's development, moving freight into Agatha while transporting natural resources southward (i.e., oil from the offshore rigs in the White Sea to the southern states). Portions of the Trans Agathan Railroad have been connected to other railroads leading into other states, the most notable of these connections is the Agatha-Dreton Railroad Connection, which allowed for oil and gas exports from eastern Dreton to be sent into Agatha for refining and exportation, thus unlocking Dreton's oil and gas industry.
Current passenger services in Agatha are limited. The Agathan Train Operating Company (ATOC) operates six long distance trains on two lines. Local services are limited to two regions, with AgathaLink providing rapid transit and commuter services between the major cities, but do not run commuter services into the industrial regions.
Agatha's well-developed state-owned ferry service known as Agathan Ferries, serves the towns and industrial sectors of northern Agathan coast.The ferries transport vehicles and passengers. The system also operates a ferry service from Agatha to Arenheim known as the Agatha-Arenheim Maritime Link. Maritime transport in Agatha does not only exist within the range of passenger services, but also includes cargo. The Inter-Island Ferry Authority is responsible for monitoring maritime traffic between Arenheim and Agatha and is also responsible for coordinating cargo coming into Arenheim. In recent years, cruise lines have created a summertime tourism market by traversing the fjords of Northern Agatha.
Agatha is well-connected by air, with international airports in both Sognheim and Arenvanger. Arenvanger International Airport and Sognheim International Airport are the fourth- and fifth-busiest in Kazulia, respectively. Arenvanger International is a hub for Dovanian Airways and a regional hub for both Air Kazulia and Northern Airline Systems. Arenvanger airport serves as the vital connection between Arenheim and the mainland. It also connects Agatha to other airports in other Kazulian states and other nations in Northern Dovani and Keris and Macon.