Alaria is considered the cradle of the Istalian people and of its culture. The same name Istalia is a modification of the name Estalia, with which the island was originally known.
The term comes from a deformation of an ancient selucian term meaning East, thus meaning "Land of the East".
Some of the first civilization on the area rose on the island and for centuries the islanders contrasted the hegemonic goals by part of the powerful Kingdom of Qolshamin, although finally also the island fell under control of the mainland's realm.
The Island was also known for having been heavily colonized by Selucian settlers who established numberous Colonies and who heavily influenced the culture and the history of what will be knwon in future as Istalia and it was preciselly on the island that such selucian roots shaped the future Istalian culture and identity.
For centuries the history of the Estalian island developed indipendently by the mainland and in fact the island remained almost untouched by the events interesting the rest of the continent, although it knew foreign domination too.
On the island, indeed, the Kingdom of Istalia was the state entity remained indipendent after the conquest of the mainland by part of the Empire of Quanzar. Thousand of refugees from the continent fled in Alaria escaping the Quanzars thereby laying the foundations of the istalian culture where was able to develop and create the basis of the modern istalian society and its feauters.
However in 1959 the Emirate defeated the Kingdom on the island which became part of Quanzar and remaining since today united with the mainland.
The name Alaria began to be used during the years of the Istalian Kingdom and it was officially adopted by the Quanzar's authorities. The ancinet name Estalia was not resume under the Istalian regimes not to identify too much only the island as Istalian land and using just the name Istalia, clearly derived by the ancient one, for the whole country.
Since the Imperial restoration in the late 46th century, there has been a movement calling for more autonomy or a total independence of Alaria from the Sarrentina Peninsula, stronger in Silicia than in Sarregna.
The island is as large as 2/3 of the peninsula and they are separated by the wide Straits of Ingris, in the north identified as Missena Channel (named after the port city on the west coast of Silicia), which connects the Basin of the Sea of Lost Souls into the north with the Antarctic Ocean into the south.
Silicia extends on the north half of Alaria and is caraterized by a mountain landscapes with coastal narrow plains and very hilly territories to the south.
In the south of silicia the hills from the northern Sarregna rise up even more becoming mountains, the Arasclari Range, which in the center of Silicia gives way to a large wooded and uneven plateau, going to rise rather along the coasts all around the region taking the form of a C facing downward.
If the coastal plains are fertile localities occupied by forest and agriculturale terrains, the central highlands are more dry region where however there are numerous small lakes, many seasonals, which mitigate the dry climate allow the exploitation of agriculture for resistent crops.
Most part of the people and of the economic activity are located along the coasts while the inner territories are exploited by agriculture, mine and wood industries.
Sarregna cover the southern part of Alaria and is characterized by fertile plains broken by some hills ranges and crossed by several placid rivers. It becomes more bumpy and hilly as one moves northward. On the border with Silicia rise the only mountain massif of Sarregna, the once known Rough Peaks (istalian: Picchi Aspri), now known as Mount of Idols (istalian: Monte degli Idoli) because the presence on the top of the massif of the Sanctuary of the Sky, a cerimonial shrine composed of several monumental altars adorned with monumental stone sculputures dedicated to the selucian gods.
Here the clima is temperate with rainy winter and dry summer mitigate by sea currents, so to allow the mantaining of a fertile ecosystem.
Thanks to this favurable condition the region agricultural sector is very developed and someone called the area as the bread-basket of Istalia.
The island of Alaria also from the climate point of view is separated into two distinct regions which correspond almost to the Sarregna and Silicia regions.
The northern region, which corresponds to Silicia, is drier and cooler than the southern one, this because of the Arasclari Chain, but if along the coasts the sea mitigates this aspect, making the climate more similar to the southern regions, in the Silicia Plateau temperatures are significantly lower and the humidity in winter increases exponentially because of the winter humid currents that exceeded the southern plains of the central hills date back to the ridge that separates them from the plateau where, being the latter lower than the hill crest, they swoop into downloading the rains which fed many small lakes, largely seasonal, which also goes to mitigate the summer heat which into the plateau can become extremely dry.
the southern region presents a fertile temperate climate with rainy winters and very dry summers but these are often mitigated by moisture made by numerous rivers which descend from the northern highlands.
In winter cold humid currents came from the Perartic Ocean and cross all the Sarregna bringing with them rains and winds.
In summer the currents from the south decrease and the climate become more arid with frequent high temperature peaks.