United States of Baltusia

Flag Coat of Arms
Flag of Baltusia Seal of Baltusia
Location of Baltusia
Location of Baltusia

Motto
E pluribus unum (Selucian)
("Baltusia rules the waves!")

Anthem "Baltusia the Beautiful"
Capital
(and largest city)
Johnston, District of Dove
Language
  official
 
Luthorian
  others Egelian, Canrillaise
Caillean, Indigenous languages
Religion
  main
 
44% Hosian
    •16% Luthoran
    •16%Aurorian
    •4% Other
  others
51% irreligious
2% Ahmadi
1% Yeudi
2% Other religion
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
33% Baltusian
  others
23% Egelian
19% Canrillaise
11% Caillean
5% Indigenous
3% Indralan
2% Dundorfian
4% Other ethnicity
Demonym Baltusian
Government Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Republic
  Legislature Parliament
President of Baltusia Henry IV (Imperial Party of Baltusia)
Prime Minister of Baltusia Ricardo Pinewood (Imperial Party of Baltusia)
Area 1,755,600 km²
Population 128,854,890 
GDP
  Total:
 
2,654,369,391,354 BLD (4451)
  per capita 27,738 (4346)
Currency Baltusian Dollar (BLD)
Time Zone GMT +7
  summer GMT +6
Drives on the Right
Calling Code +22
Internet TLD .bt
Organizations World Congress

Baltusia, officially the United States of Baltusia, is a democratic republic located in Northern Seleya. It borders Lodamun to the north, Kalistan to the east, Valruzia to the west and Gaduridos and Tukarali to the south.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

Baltusia has been known by a number of names, notably the 'Federal Republic of Baltusia' and the 'Workers Republic of Baltusia'. The exact origins of the name are not known exactly but it is likely to have emerged from a combination the native tribes who inhabited the area in antiquity and successive colonial regimes.

History[edit | edit source]

Main article: History of Baltusia
In 4159, Baltusia was successfully elected to Seat E on the Security Council. The resumption of the Vote Baltusia campaign was a result of worsening relations with Kalistan, the incumbent nation in Seat C.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Baltusia borders five other nations, them being Valruzia, Kalistan, Lodamun, Tukarali, and Gaduridos, with Baltusia proper being located in northern Seleya. It has a small area of coastline in the south-east.

Government and politics[edit | edit source]

Baltusia is a Federal Republic, in which the role of the executive is fulfilled by the President and Commander-in-Chief, while the Prime Minister chairs the cabinet. Both are elected directly by the Baltusian people. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. All legislation must be approved by Parliament, even if it originates from the executive branch.

The President and Commander-in-Chief's official residence; the Presidential Palace

The President is usually elected every four years, at the same time as the Parliament. Due to its importance within Baltusia's political system, it is common for ideologically similar parties to support a single candidate. There are no Presidential term limits.

The legislative branch, the Parliament, is generally regarded as the most powerful but as any and all legislation that government proposes must be approved by a majority of the representatives in Parliament, of which there are 500 members. The Baltusian Parliament is elected at the same time as the executive.

Political divisions[edit | edit source]

The States of Baltusia

See also: Administrative Divisions of Baltusia

Baltusia is composed of five States (listed in the table below), which are further subdivided into one-hundred-and-one counties. Each county is given a number to be used for official purposes, such as vehicle registration and postal codes. States elect governors by using a simple plurality voting system simultaneously with Parliament and Presidential elections.

The degree to which Baltusia can be described as 'federalist' is debatable. While the central government maintains control over most policy areas, local governments are responsible for some decisions such as funding for policing.

In 4448, Parliament approved the National Referendum on Replacement of State Flags and Seals, which among other things, established the official State Flags and Seals of every State. And most importantly, the amendment created the figure of the State Governor. The State Governor is elected by the people, in a different ballot but at the same time as Baltusia elects their members to Parliament, and the President of Baltusia. As the custom mandates, an official act where every party appoints the Governor that was elected on each State must be approved by Parliament. It's not clear if this act needs the approval of the 2/3rds of Parliament, or if it's a simple Bill. The amendment doesn't specify what happens if a party fails to appoint a governor in the region, and if the Act fails to pass in Parliament.

Official Name Flag Seal Area Population Capital
New Egelion
New Egelion Flag.png
New Egelion Seal.png
381,300 km² 19,977,734 Johnston, District of Dove (D.D.)
Santiago
Santiago Flag.png
Santiago Seal.png
264,600 km² 19,967,794 San Luis
Ralston
Ralston Flag.png
Ralston Seal.png
481,500 km² 19,977,534 Rutledge
Attano
Attano Flag.jpg
Attano Seal.png
345,900 km² 19,872,856 New Valois
Westbrook
Westbrook Flag.png
Seal of Westbrook.png
282,300 km² 19,989,324 Schwarzwald (Luthorian: Blackwood)

Parties and elections[edit | edit source]

See also: Political parties in Baltusia

The Baltusian Parliament building

Baltusian elections are mostly a battle between left-wing and centre-right political parties, occasionally seeing right-wing Conservative and fundamentalist Hosian parties play a key role. This divide can be found to originate as far back as the Baltusian Civil War, fought between 4086-4089.

Judicial system[edit | edit source]

Federal Court of Baltusia

Baltusia's system is complex and cannot be easily defined. Primarily, laws arise from written statutes (Acts of the Baltusian Congress) and the role of judges is merely to interpret law- not to make it. However, judges do have some power to determine whether government ministers are acting 'outside their authority'. Furthermore, the 2039 Declaration of Rights provides the basis for Baltusian common law, i.e. law in areas where there is no clear statutory provision.

Under the present legal system, regional courts are the most common form of court. Nonetheless, a number of higher levels exist, to which the decisions of regional courts may be appealed, and the Federal Court of Baltusia represents the highest court of appeal in Baltusia.

Foreign relations[edit | edit source]

Baltusia maintains positive relationships with a number of other Terran nations. Owing to its geographical position and shared history, Kalistan is one of its most important economic partners. Baltusia has trade deals with the Democratic Republic of Tukarali and Dolgarstan. Baltusia has recently ended ties with Pontesi, Kazulia, and the Kivonian Republic.

Military[edit | edit source]

The Baltusian Armed Forces are the military forces of Baltusia, under the president as Commander in Chief. They consist of the Baltusian Army , Baltusian Navy, the Baltusian Air Force.

The Military is a two-tier system, with the Lower tier being Provincial, and the Upper-tier being Federal, and the entire system known as the Baltusian Armed Forces. The Provincial Tier contains the police department, as well as a Provincial Army which is used for defending the province and patroling borders. The Provincial Assembly, Governor, and the provincial military executive organize the Army,but have no say if the National Assembly or President descdes to send in National Troops. The Federal Tier is controlled by the National Military Executives, President, cabinet, and rarely, Congress.

The Baltusian Armed Forces are made up of the Army, Air Force, and Navy. The Baltusian Armed Forces are organized and led by the Baltusian Department of Defense, which is charged with the matter concerning the Baltusian Armed Forces and national security. The Head of the Department of Defense is the Minister of National Defense and Veterans Affairs, who is supposed to execute the polocies concerning the military.

Baltusian Armed Forces

These policies are determined by the Commander-in-Chief, who is the President and is also responsible for making major military decisions during a war. The body that advises the president and receives his or her orders are the National Military Executives. This board is made up of the Minister of National Defense and Veteran Affairs and various officers of the Baltusian Armed Forces. Baltusia has domestic and international intelligence agencies, and have separate leaders, who are chosen by the President.

Economy[edit | edit source]

Baltusia derives 79% of its electricity from renewable energy sources, the highest percentage in the world. Baltusia has a mixed economy which combines extensive private enterprise (nearly 2.5 million companies registered) with substantial state enterprise. The government retains considerable influence over key segments of infrastructure sectors, with majority ownership of railway, electricity, aircraft, energy and telecommunications. It has been gradually relaxing its control over these sectors since the early 3300.

The government is slowly corporatising the state sector and selling off holdings in Baltusian Télécom, Air Baltusia, as well as the insurance, banking, and defence industries. Baltusia has an important aerospace industry and has its own national spaceport.

Baltusian companies have maintained key positions in the Insurance and Banking industries: BEXA is the world's largest insurance company, and is ranked by Fortune the ninth richest corporation by revenues. The leading Baltusian banks are BNV Bestipas and the Crédeit, ranking as the world's 1st and 6th largest banks in 3395 (determined by the amount of assets).

Baltusia is the smallest emitter of carbon dioxide among the ten most industrialised countries in the world, due to its heavy investment in renewable power. As a result of large investments in renewable technology, most of the electricity produced in the country is generated by renewable energy power plants (water, wind and solar).

Agriculture[edit | edit source]

Baltusia has historically been an important producer of agricultural products. Large tracts of fertile land, the application of modern technology, and provincial subsidies have combined to make Baltusia the leading agricultural producer and exporter in North Seleya (representing alone 20% of the Seleyan agricultural production) and the world's seventh biggest exporter of agricultural products.

Wheat, poultry, dairy, beef, and pork, as well as an internationally recognised processed foods are the primary Baltusian agricultural exports. Wines are primarily consumed within the country, but Lindar Valley wines are major exports, being known worldwide.

Provincial agriculture subsidies in Baltusia have decreased for the last years, but still amounted to 8 billion BLD in 3395. Agriculture is thus an important sector of Baltusian economy : 3.5% of the active population is employed in agriculture, whereas the total agri-food industry made up 4.2% of Baltusian GDP in 3395.

Infrastructure[edit | edit source]

The majority of the infrastructure and transport network is overseen by private firms however it is free-to-use, subsidised entirely by the government. Nonetheless, there are some exceptions: state housing is available for those in need and there is a nationalised train operator and postal agency.

Education[edit | edit source]

In Baltusia, education is compulsory until the age of eighteen, although home schooling is permitted under certain circumstances. Higher education is provided by the state alongside private providers with subsidies available for those on low-incomes.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Baltusia is somewhat mixed demographically.

Culture[edit | edit source]

Baltusia is primarily a nation of Hosians.

Baltusia articles
History Gaduri Miracle - Revolution of 2356 - Baltusian Civil War
Geography Lindar Valley
Politics President - Congress - Political parties
Demographics Ethnic Groups: Baltusian
Religion: Hosianism - Yeudism - Ahmadism
Culture Sport - Superpolo
Economy Agriculture - Mining - Tourism
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