|Deputy chair||Mehmet Topçu|
|Founded||7 June 4947|
|Seats in the Assembly|
The Crimson Crescent Party (Turjak: Kızıl Hilal Partisi), abbreviated officially KHP, is a political party in Jakania. Founded on 7 June 4947 by Murat Tandoğan, the party adheres to centre-right, secular and conservative liberal policies. KHP considers itself as a successor to the National Progress Party, several former UTP members were involved in the foundation of the Crimson Crescent Party.
Despite being conservative, KHP takes liberal stance on issues like abortion and sex education in school. It supports liberal economy practices and remains committed to the parliamentary system. The party is affliated with the Union of Conservative Liberals, Capitalist Coalition and Anti-Communist League.
After the dissolution of the National Progress Party, several new parties were founded by former members of UTP, but none of them were successful in the elections. To succeed the National Progress Party and represent conservative liberalism, several former UTP members including former deputy chair of UTP, Necati Bostancı, founded the Crimson Crescent Party in 4947 under the leadership of Murat Tandoğan, chief editor of the daily newspaper Mukavemet. Tandoğan was elected unanimously as chairman of the party in the first congress. He appointed Beyza Gökbakar as deputy chair.
Tandoğan supported the status quo, which was dominated by UTP reforms. After the 4949 election defeat, conservative Homeland formed the government and challenged the status quo by implementing legislations such as restricting abortion and introducing state penalties for blasphemy. Tandoğan leadership unsuccesfully contested the 4951, 4954 and 4957 elections which put the KHP in opposition. Tandoğan resigned after the 4957 elections and a chairmanship election was held on January 4958, which saw Süleyman Karaağaç elected to the position. Karaağaç formally assumed the office on 24 January 4958.
Karaağaç increased the parliamentary work and introduced an omnibus bill named "Crimson Manifesto" which included decriminalisation of prostitution and allowing abortion to take place in first trimester. Although rejected by Homeland votes, the bill proved successful in the election campaigning and ultimately in the 4960 elections which saw KHP winning over 60 percent of the popular vote with a clear majority in the Assembly.
Newly formed Karaağaç government introduced several legislations which rolled back restrictions of previous Homeland governments. With the implementation of the Abortion Act of 4961, abortions were allowed to take place during the first trimester; whereas Secularism Act of 4961 decriminalised prostitution and public blasphemy. Secondary strike action was legalised with the Labour Act of 4961. Liberal economy was promoted with the implementations of the National Highway Act of 4964, Rent Regulation Act of 4964 and Public Housing Act of 4964; which enabled privatisation of national highways and public housing, also rescinded rent regulation practices. Legislative term was increased to 5 years with a bipartisan bill. Karaağaç government also sought close relations with Dorvik and supported the nation's nomination to Security Council Seat A. Karaağaç led his party to 4965, 4966 and 4968 election victories which gave his party clear majorities in the Assembly.
Second Karaağaç government decreased legislative term from 5 years to 4 years. Logging was allowed with the implementation of the Logging Act of 4967, a vast and comprehensive system of public libraries under the control of national government was instituted with the Public Library Act of 4969. After the New Welfare Act bill of CI! was defeated by KHP votes, a counter-proposal named Compulsory Pension Plan Act of 4969 which introduced a compulsory public system combined with an optional private pension was passed by the Assembly unanimously. Several other CI! proposals were voted against by KHP and defeated. A cooperation treaty between Jakania and Cildania was drafted on August 4971 and submitted to the Assembly, but the voting process was delayed by the general election which was scheduled to be held on January 4972.
4972 general election resulted in a hung parliament. KHP lost its parliamentary majority and won 221 seats. Karaağaç led the coalition talks and reached a deal with CDP leader Enise Tilki. Under the premiership of Karaağaç, this coaliton government was formed on 31 January 4972.
List of chairmen
|Portrait||Took office||Left office||Chairmanship elections|
|7 June 4947||24 January 4958||4947 Party Congress|
4952 Party Congress
4957 Party Congress
|24 January 4958||Incumbent||4958 Extraordinary Party Congress|
4963 Party Congress
4968 Party Congress
List of deputy chairs
|Portrait||Took office||Left office||Appointed by|
|7 June 4947||24 January 4958||Murat Tandoğan|
|24 January 4958||Incumbent||Süleyman Karaağaç|
|4949 general election||Murat Tandoğan||48||8.00%||2,186,163||5.11%||Opposition|
|4951 general election||Murat Tandoğan||201||41.50%||14,608,197||47.14%||Opposition|
|4954 general election||Murat Tandoğan||50||49.83%||17,643,215||51.57%||Opposition|
|4957 general election||Murat Tandoğan||61||39.67%||13,756,736||39.92%||Opposition|
|4960 general election||Süleyman Karaağaç||137||62.50%||24,206,921||62.82%||Government|
|4965 general election||Süleyman Karaağaç||18||59.50%||21,195,006||57.85%||Government|
|4966 general election||Süleyman Karaağaç||230||97.83%||44,723,715||97.90%||Government|
|4968 general election||Süleyman Karaağaç||229||59.67%||36,276,788||60.50%||Government|
|4972 general election||Süleyman Karaağaç||137||36.83%||21,800,074||36.85%||Coalition government|
|4949 general election||İlber Ataman||2,570,978||5.91%||2nd|
|4951 general election||İlber Ataman||14,699,882||45.70%||2nd|
|4954 general election||Nurcan Yakıcı||17,949,617||52.51%||Yakıcı elected|
|4957 general election||Nurcan Yakıcı||14,355,892||40.17%||2nd|
|4960 general election||Murat Tandoğan||22,701,596||61.06%||Tandoğan elected|
|4965 general election||Murat Tandoğan||21,446,088||58.64%||Tandoğan re-elected|
|4966 general election||Murat Tandoğan||45,229,623||98.29%||Tandoğan re-elected|
|4968 general election||Murat Tandoğan||35,341,106||59.22%||Tandoğan re-elected|
|4972 general election||Ekrem Çavdar||22,691,563||43.71%||2nd|
- Crushing Defeat For KHP, Mukavemet, 15 December 4949
- Tandoğan's Comeback, Mukavemet, 13 December 4951
- Protests Against Election Results, Mukavemet, 16 December 4954
- Legislative Victory For The Government, Mukavemet, 6 August 4961
- 41st Assembly Assumes Office, Mukavemet, 16 January 4968
- Coalition Formed By KHP and CDP, Mukavemet, 1 February 4972