The Rowiet Union, officially titled the Union of Communist Councilist Republics (Kyomal: 로동위원회 공산주의 공화국 연방, Draniano: 윤이언 데 리풉리카스 콤우니스타스 로위예티카스 , Draddwyr: Undeb y Rowietaidd Gweriniaethwyr Comiwnyddol) and sometimes referred to as the UCCR, Dankuk, Drania or Dranland, is a nation located in Northern Dovani on the Kyo Peninsula.
The first established nation-state on the Kyo Peninsula was the Baekgu Dynasty, also known as Baeguk, in the early 7th Century CE. Formed by previously nomadic Kyo, Baeguk would rule over the peninsula until the arrival of colonists from the Egelion province of the Selucian Empire. Initially co-existing with the Baeguk government, in 1869 the Kyo king would be forced to abdicate as a result of annexation into the foreign empire. In the 22nd Century, the state of Dranland would win independence from Egelion. Through various monarchies and republican eras, this Dranish state would last until the Great Kyo Revolution of 3608 and the formation of modern Dankuk. The modern Socialist Union came about in 4929; with the August Revolution.
The UCCR is a Union of 3 Communist Councilist Republics; and it is considered a newly developed country with a steadily growing economy and strong technology sectors. Most of the population are concentrated in the nation's large, advanced cities while the interior of the nation is very rural and isolated.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
- 9 External Links
Etymology[edit | edit source]
The Rowiet in the name is derived from the labor committees present in the history of Dankuk. These are the Rodong Wiwonhoe (Kyo:로동위원회); or Rowis for short (Kyo: 로위).
The Kyomal name Dankuk (단국) is derived from the Egelian Drania, which was the name used for the nation following colonization by Egelion. Drania has also been used in the naming of the peninsula; though while the Dranian Peninsula is now acknowledged as the official geographic name, in the Kyo language it is called either Danbando (단반도), as a direct translation, or as Kyobando (쿄반도), a name which originates from the Great Kyo Revolution of 3608. However, the latter has strong nationalistic connotations.
Prior to arrival of Egelian colonists, the unitary Kyo dynasty on the Dranian Peninsula, led by the Baekgu Dynasty, was referred to as Baeguk (배국). And prior to the Unified Baekgu Dynasty, historical records indicate that the region may have been referred to by the Kyo as Chanbando (찬반도), meaning "cold peninsula." After the Egelian removal of the Baekgu king in the 1700s, there was some use of Chankuk (찬국) to refer to the nation in place of Baeguk.
History[edit | edit source]
Main Article: History of Dankuk
The earliest human settlement on the Dranian Peninsula is believed to have occurred around the 23rd Century BCE and records from the 3rd Century BCE can identify the presence of the Draddwyr. Most reliable historical accounts start in the 7th Century CE with the permanent settling of the nomadic Kyo people. The history of Dankuk can be observed through eight eras: Pre-History, Nomadic Kyo, Baekgu Dynasty, Egelian Drania, Dranland, early Dankuk, late Dankuk, and the Rowiet Era. The most complex of these eras is the period of Dranland, which is characterized by multiple republics, monarchies, and short-lived revolutions. The nation of Dankuk has existed since the Great Kyo Revolution of 3608 and for much of its history it was a monarchy led by the House of Ryeo. Following a series of civil conflicts in the 40th Century, a succession of authoritarian regimes held power and attempted to build numerous personality cults around their leaders. Following the regimes was the 3rd Dranian Federation; a liberal parliamentary democracy. After centuries of endurance; the Dranian economy was dragging and the public gradually lost faith in the Federation. These grudges culminated in the Communist Revolution; which saw the overthrow of the Dranian Federation and beginning of the Rowiet Union and Dranian Civil War.
Geography[edit | edit source]
The UCCR is located on the Dranian Peninsula in the northwestern region of Dovani between the latitudes of 48° and 62°N and the longitudes of 167°W and 165°E. The nation covers an area of 1,201,800 km² and shares its only land border with Kazulia to the south. To the west is the North Anantonese Ocean, across which is Egelion.
Deep fjords indent the northern coasts and much of the central Rowiet Union is mountainous or hilly, as it is occupied by the northern extension of the Barrier Range. The highest point is 6,950 ft, at the peak of Jungang Mountain in Hyonggi. Hot springs are common throughout the mountainous regions of the Kyo Peninsula and are used for inexpensive heating. The southern coasts are hilly and vast plains cover much of inland Eljang and Hyonggi. There are many rivers throughout Dankuk originating from various areas of the central mountain range. The largest river is the Kan, originating in northern Eljang, running through Hyeokjin, and emptying on the southern coast into the Anantonese Ocean.
Climate[edit | edit source]
Climate varies between temperate, oceanic, and subarctic depending on the region of the Kyo Peninsula. In the northern regions, most areas have subarctic climates and are very cold. The more central regions are temperate with cool to warm summers and relatively cold winters. However in the mountainous central areas; the climate is much more cool and dry. In the south, most areas have the same temperate climate, however, parts of the coastal regions in Eljang and Hyonggi have oceanic climates. These oceanic areas have the warmest summers in the nation, though they still to tend to get cold in the winter.
Environment[edit | edit source]
The UCCR is noted for its vast natural landscapes, from the icy fjords to the dense isolated forests. In 4761, the Federal Park Service was established to manage designated national parks, monuments, and conservation areas in the Dranian Federation; and was eventually continued as the current Commissariat of Natural Resources. Much of the natural environment of the interior regions remain largely untouched by human development. These expansive protected forests in the foothills of the central mountain range of the Kyo Peninsula are a popular destination for skilled hikers and nature enthusiasts. The Norfiords are recognized as a natural Global Heritage Sites by the IESCO.
In the northernmost areas of the Kyo Peninsula it is possible to view the aurora borealis, also referred to as the "northern lights."
While the UCCR has received criticism for its whaling traditions, in other realms the nation has often enacted environmentally progressive policies aimed at preserving designated lands, limiting urban sprawl, and reducing carbon emissions. The Rowiet Union has a very low reliance on fossil fuels and all vehicles are required to be electric or operate using environmentally-friendly fuels.
Starting in the 4930s; there was a massive push to use nuclear power and highly enriched uranium (HEU) in power plants to attain the best and highest-yielding results in energy production.
Government and politics[edit | edit source]
The UCCR is a Union of Communist Councilist Republics. Unlike other nations; the UCCR has no separation of powers and operates on a one-party system. Local governments are semi-autonomous, and contain executive and legislative bodies of their own. The judicial branch operates at both the national and local levels.
The nucleus of Rowiet society is its' namesake; the Labor Committee - or Rowi. They organize daily economic operations and nearly every controllable aspect of life; and run every social and economic institution.
The Supreme Law of the Land is the Constitution of the UCCR.
Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]
Dankuk is divided into 3 Republics; the Kyo Communist Councilist Republic (present in the provinces of Honggi, Myeoggi, and Eljang; and the cities Taeyang, Hyeokjin, and Seongtaek); the Draniano Communist Councilist Republic (present in the province of Eurbrak and the city of Iglesia Mayor); and the Draddwyr Communist Councilist Republic (present in Reuni and Llwybr Hawl).
Under all of the Republics there are ten secondary administrative subdivisions. There are five Provinces, each led by a governor and provincial rowi. The provinces are further divided into cities and counties as tertiary subdivisions. There are four Metropolitan Cities, each led by a mayor and city rowi. In addition; the capital - Seongtaek; makes up the only City of Labor in the nation. The cities are independent of provinces and are additonally composed of districts as tertiary administrative subdivisions.
The only Autonomous Communist Councilist Republic in the nation is the Kazulian ACCR. Though technically governed under the Province of Reuni; de facto the KACCR has much greater autonomy; and provincial governance is non-binding.
|Communist Councilist Republic|
|Autonomous Communist Councilist Republic|
|City of Labor|
Foreign relations[edit | edit source]
The UCCR's foreign policy is dictated very politically; though it maintains an official World Congress presence. De facto; most international diplomacy is conducted through representatives at the Communist International; and the UCCR primarily supports socialist states over historical allies. The Rowiet Union is a PCIS member.
Historically, the Dranian Federation maintained a close alliance with Indrala. The nation also had positive relations with Lourenne, Seko, and Tukarali. Foreign relations with Kazulia have historically been tumultuous when authoritarian regimes have held power in Dankuk.
Military[edit | edit source]
Main Article: Red Army
The Worker's Commissariat for Military and Naval Affairs generally wields the most control over military functions. The Red Army are divided into five branches: Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Strategic Rocket Force, and Special Operations Force. The Rowiet military is maintained primarily for the purpose of protecting national sovereignty. The UCCR is considered a strong supporter of socialist and anti-imperialist causes and conflicts; but seldom declares or instigates war. Most wars involving Dankuk have occurred domestically.
Economy[edit | edit source]
The UCCR has an upper-middle income industrialized command economy. There are large regional gaps in the economic development of Dankuk, which primarily centers around the nation's urban cores. Most land area of Dankuk has low population density and is either undeveloped or occupied by farmland. Despite the urban level of economic development, rural local economies in many regions are akin to the developing world and rely upon agriculture.
Under the economic framework; workers control daily affairs through the use of local Rowis. However; they operate under the greater direction of the current 5-year plan; which is conceived by the Communist Party and under the control of the Commissariats of Finance, Trade and Industry, Agriculture, and Labor collectively.
The Rowiet government has traditionally placed great emphasis on rapid development of advanced industries and expanding the service sector. There is particular strength in the education, healthcare, manufacturing, and technology sectors. There is also a successful tourism sector, which draws primarily upon the winter season when ski resorts in Myeoggi and Hyonggi become very popular destinations. Dankuk also receives cultural tourism for its ancient historic sites of the Kyo.
The UCCR has a very active primary sector based in such activities as agriculture, forestry, fishing, and mining. There have also been initiatives to explore the northern coast of the peninsula for offshore oil and gas reserves to export. The strongest areas of the primary sector are forestry, fishing, and whaling followed closely by mining. However, mining has been in decline, especially due to environmental regulations and shifts in energy needs. Fishing and whaling are often considered the most highly regarded of these primary sector areas and generally brings the most profits, both domestically and internationally. Forestry and its related sectors, such as paper, pulp, and timber, are also of particular importance to the Dranian economy. Agriculture is most present in Eljang, and to some degree in Reuni and Hyonggi; it is dominated by livestock as there are severe limitations to growing crops.
There is also a well-developed secondary economic sector. Much of the activities within this sector are in light industry, particularly in the manufacturing of consumer electronics, furniture, clothing, and home appliances. The heavy industry of the UCCR is larger than the light industry; which has resulted in a robust economy at the cost of significant consumer dissatisfaction. Seongtaek is the busiest port city of the nation and a large portion of foreign commerce passes through this area.
Due to the limitations that accompany Kyo geography, there is a significant reliance on imported goods, particularly for such necessities as food or certain luxury goods. Major trading partners include Kazulia, Hulstria, Indrala, Seko, and Tukarali.
The majority of the UCCR's energy needs are fulfilled by domestic production and the nation is a net-energy exporter. Coal historically played a major role, however its domestic use has been eliminated and coal mining operations have since ceased. Most energy is sourced from nuclear, hydroelectric, and geothermal energy. On a smaller scale, some regions have drawn upon solar and wind energy to meet the needs for local communities; with mixed results.
Agriculture and fishery[edit | edit source]
Industry[edit | edit source]
Services and tourism[edit | edit source]
Science and technology[edit | edit source]
Infrastructure[edit | edit source]
Transportation[edit | edit source]
The Rowiet Railways; known as Rocheor, are the national system of the UCCR, operating passenger and freight trains throughout the nation. Rorcheor is directly responsible for all railway operations; and is controlled by the Worker's Comissariat on Railway Affairs.
There are two major international airports in the UCCR, Hyeokjin International Airport and Seongtaek International Airport. Additionally, there is a major national airport located in Iglesia Mayor. Smaller regional and local airports exist throughout other significant cities. HangHam (Rowiet Airlines) is the largest airline in Dankuk and from its Seongtaek hub it connects to many major locations all across Terra.
Energy[edit | edit source]
Water supply and sanitation[edit | edit source]
Demographics[edit | edit source]
The Rowiet Union has a population of 26.5 million people.
Education[edit | edit source]
Main Article: Education in Dankuk
The UCCR has a renowned public education system; with illiteracy eliminated; and it has been reported that they read more books per capita than any other nation in the world.. All schooling is overseen through the Worker's Comissariat of Education; with curriculum jointly decided by the Worker's Commissariat of Propaganda and Agitation. Public education starts at kindergarten and goes through University. School years are divided into two semesters with specific calendars set a local level. The UCCR has a Greater National University System; the national system of Higher Level Education Institutions. Education is highly-valued by Rowiet society and great pressure is placed on students to excel in their academics.
Ethnic groups[edit | edit source]
Dankuk is a multi-ethnic state with significant foreign influences. According to the most recent census, 38% of Dranians are Draniano, 34% Kyo, 15% Draddwyr, 4% Gao-Showa (primarily Kunihito and Yingdalan), 4% Kazulian, and 5% are from another ethnic group.
The Kyo and Draddwyr are the oldest modern inhabitants of the Dranian Peninsula. Evidence of Draddwyr presence in the region dates back to the 3rd Century BCE.The ancient Kyo were nomadic, originating from the Gao-Showa people of western Dovani, and arrived around the 7th Century CE. The Kyo began to construct permanent settlements on the Dranian Peninsula, abandoning their nomadic practices and founding the first nation-states to exist on the peninsula. After the Baekgu Dynasty became a protectorate of the Selucian Empire, many Egelian settlers arrived on the peninsula. The Egelian settler population grew significantly and their culture would greatly influence society on the peninsula.
The post-colonial state of Dranland would be established in 2177 and by this time the Draniano identity had emerged as a result of the long history of colonization and cross-cultural interaction. The Dranianos are persons descended from the inhabitants of Egelian Drania and their ancestry as an ethnic group include the Egelians, Kyo, and Draddwyr. The Draniano carry strong cultural ties to Egelion. In modern times, Dranianos has come to broadly describe the identity of the majority of multi-ethnic Dranians although it is also not uncommon for multi-ethnic Dranians to identify themselves as both Kyo and Dranianos.
At their peak, the Draddwyr composed around 20% of the population during the Dranland's existence. The majority of the population was nearly decimated in the Draddwyr Genocide of the early 2000s. Their numbers drastically declined further after the Great Kyo Revolution of 3608. Post-revolution, most Draddwyr were forced to moved to Northern Dovani and the autocratic government of the Kingdom of Dankuk targeted them harsh racist laws and violent punishment. This "second Draddwyr genocide" was largely overlooked by the global community and the Draddwyr population, at its lowest point, was reduced to 2% of the population. After the collapse the Great Kyo Empire, the Draddwyr population had a major resurgence as many returned from North Dovani with assistance from the post-imperial governments. Significant Draddwyr communities emerged throughout Lorena and today they are approximately 15% of the population of the Dranian Federation.
Health[edit | edit source]
The UCCR has a universal healthcare system.
Significant public health issues include alcoholism and smoking. While Rowiet hospitals have advanced medical equipment and facilities readily available there are challenges with rural access to healthcare, especially in times of emergency.
Languages[edit | edit source]
There are 3 official languages of the UCCR; Kyo, Draniano, and Draddwyr; with most citizens being bilingual or trilingual. Kyo is the most commonly used; followed closely by Draniano. Draddwyr isn't commonly used outsie of Reuni. Starting 4930; the Rowiet government began to lean heavily torwards Kyo favoratism, and began to adopt a number of policies that promoted cultural and linguistic conformity.
Religion[edit | edit source]
The UCCR is officially state athiest; and highly discourages religious practices. Almost 40% of the nation do not affiliate with any religious organizations and have described an indifference towards religion. Of the people who declare a religious affiliation, most are Daenists or Hosian. According to the most recent census, 28% were Daenist and 21% were Hosian. Other religions include Seodongyo, a syncretic new-age religion, and Sindo, an indigenous shamanistic faith.
Among Rowiet Daenists, most are Sindo-Daenists, a sect that incorporates many native traditions of the indigenous Kyo religion. Smaller Daenist sects include Zenshō and Draddwyr Daenism, which intermingles with native Draddwyr paganism. The vast majority of the Hosian population are affiliated with the Aurorian Patriarchal Church.
Culture[edit | edit source]
See also: National symbols of the UCCR
Arts and architecture[edit | edit source]
Cuisine[edit | edit source]
Rowiet cuisine is very diverse as a result of influences from multiple distinct cultures living on the Kyo Peninsula, primarily the Kyo, Dranianos, and Draddwyr. The diversity of Rowiet cuisine is increased further by the hybridization of the cooking styles from each of these cultures.
Rowiet cuisine is heavily based on rice, noodles, vegetables, fish, and meats. Traditional Kyo meals are noted for their number of side dishes, or banchan, which accompany steam-cooked short-grain rice. This has become a norm throughout much of Rowiet cuisine, even with non-Kyo dishes. Kimchi, a fermented spicy vegetable dish is commonly served with meals and is among the best known Kyo dishes. Other well-known dishes include bulgogi, gimbap, and tteokbokki.
Soups are also a common part of a Rowiet meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning of the meal. Some of the nation's most popular soups are of Draddwyr origin, such as cawl, a lamb stew, and cawl cennin, leek soup.
Cafes are popular mainstays of all cities and are known for serving a wide range of pastries, crepes, and other bakery items.
Popular alcoholic beverages include soju, makgeolli, beer, and omija wine. Soju is the national beverage.
Among Gao-Showa cultures, the Kyo are unique in their use of metal chopsticks. Eating with chopsticks is commonplace in the UCCR; although dishes that originate with the Dranianos or Draddwyr cultures are unlikely to be eaten with chopsticks, instead relying on Western cutlery.
Customs and holidays[edit | edit source]
Main article: Rowiet Holidays[edit | edit source]
May Day is the largest Civilian Holiday in the UCCR; whilst August Revolution Day typically consists of a grand military parade instead. New Year's has since replaced Eliyahu's Birthday as the central winter holiday; to promote secularism. An interesting aspect of New Year's in the UCCR is Mari Lwyd; a Draddwyr tradition in which a cloaked horse skull and a party of caretakers roam the land and engage in festivities with locals. Ch'usŏk is a popular harvest festival of Kyo Origin; and Children's Day is unique in contrast to typical Mother's or Father's days in that children are celebrated and given gifts instead. The International Day of Racial Solidarity remains a favorite among Draniano and Draddwyr. The Day of Love is typically celebrated by straight couples; with queer couples clelebrating Ppeppero day.
Media and entertainment[edit | edit source]
Main Article: Media of Dankuk
The UCCR has a thriving entertainment industry with significant economic revenues being driven by television dramas, films, and popular music (K-Pop). The Rowiet government has frequently capitalized on the success of its popular culture and entertainment, using it as a tool of soft power.
Sports[edit | edit source]
The national and most popular sport of the UCCR is Ssireum; a Kyo wrestling game. Another popular pastime includes Oil Wrestling; though conservative groups have criticized it for being too intimate.
In addition; the UCCR houses the world's largest gymnastic display; the Arirang Mass Games, every 5 years.
The Kyo martial art taekwondo originated in Baeguk and is recognized as one of the official national sports. Other Kyo martial arts include hapkido, kumdo, and subak.
Association soccer and rugby are regarded as one of the most popular sports in the UCCR. The national soccer league is organized by the Rowiet Soccer Association, which also manages the Rowiet national football team. Rugby is organized by the Rowiet National Rugby League. All sports leagues are under control of the Commissariat for Physical Culture.
Ice hockey is a popular sport in the country as well, especially in the northern regions. Competitions are organized through the 13-club Rowiet National Ice Hockey Federation.
Competitive gaming, or e-sports, has become very popular in recent years and the gaming scene is managed by the Rowiet e-Sports Association.
External Links[edit | edit source]
|Union of Communist Councilist Republics|
Seongtaek (Central Capital)
|Geography • History • Culture • Economy • Government|
|History||Baekgu Dynasty • Beonyeongsalm Palace • Dranland • Dranian Zenshō Revolution • Egelian Drania • Flag of Dankuk • Great Kyo Revolution • House of Ryeo • House of Santiago • Kyobando Manifesto • Kyo-Indralan Revolutionary War • August Revolution • Dranian Civil War • Timeline of Rowiet History|
|Subdivisions||Republics: Kyo CCR • Draniano CCR • Draddwyr CCR • Kazulian ACCR|
Provinces: Eljang • Reuni • Myeoggi • Eurbrak • Hyonggi
Hyeokjin • Iglesia Mayor • Llwybr Hawl • Taeyang
City of Labor: Seongtaek
|Politics||President of the Rowiet Union • Chairman of the Council of Workers' Commissars • Supreme Rowi • Chairman of the Communist Party • Constitution of the UCCR|
Political Parties: CPRU
|Demographics||Religion: Aurorian Patriarchal Church • Daenism • Seodongyo • Sindo • Zenshō|
Ethnicity: Draddwyr • Dranianos • Kazulian • Kyo