The Free Republic of Dankuk (Kyomal: 대단민국, Draniano: 레풉리카 립레 데 들안야, República Libre de Drania, Draddwyr: Gweriniaeth Rydd Drandir), commonly referred to as Dankuk, is a nation located in Northern Dovani on the Kyo Peninsula.
The first established nation-state on the Kyo Peninsula was the Baekgu Dynasty, also known as Baeguk, in the early 7th Century CE. Formed by previously nomadic Kyo, Baeguk would rule over the peninsula until the arrival of colonists from the Egelion province of the Selucian Empire. Initially co-existing with the Baeguk government, in 1869 the Kyo king would be forced to abdicate as a result of annexation into the foreign empire. In the 22nd Century, the state of Dranland would win independence from Egelion. Through various monarchies and republican eras, this Dranish state would last until the Great Kyo Revolution of 3608 and the formation of modern Dankuk. The UCCR came about in 4929; with the August Revolution, and subsequently metamorphized into the modern Republic in 4959.
The FRD is a unitary popular republic, and it is considered a newly developed country with a steadily growing economy and strong technology sectors. Most of the population are concentrated in the nation's large, advanced cities while the interior of the nation is very rural and isolated, though attempts to level the playing ground and alleviate rural inequality are under way.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
- 9 External Links
The Kyomal name Dankuk (Kyogul: 단국, Kyoja: 丹國) is the most common name of the land used today. Most sources see the name as the Kyo version of the term Dranland. The Peninsula on which the nation is situated is known as Kyobando (쿄반도), a name which originates from the Great Kyo Revolution of 3608. The term Drania is also frequent, and is derived from the times when Dankuk was under Egelian rule.
Main Article: History of Dankuk
The earliest human settlement on the Dranian Peninsula is believed to have occurred around the 23rd Century BCE and records from the 3rd Century BCE can identify the presence of the Draddwyr. Most reliable historical accounts start in the 7th Century CE with the permanent settling of the nomadic Kyo people. The history of Dankuk can be observed through nine eras: Pre-History, Nomadic Kyo, Baekgu Dynasty, Egelian Drania, Dranland, early Dankuk, late Dankuk, the Rowiet Era, and the Republican Era. The most complex of these eras is the period of Dranland, which is characterized by multiple republics, monarchies, and short-lived revolutions. Dankuk as a nation-state has existed since the Great Kyo Revolution of 3608 and for much of its history it was a monarchy led by the House of Ryeo. Following a series of civil conflicts in the 40th Century, a succession of centralized states held power; at one point nearly causing an international crisis. The last of these states began to rapidly liberalize; and by the 48th century the Dranian Federation had rolled around. After centuries of endurance; the Dranian economy was dragging and the public gradually lost faith in the Federation. These grudges; combined with a series of government repressions, culminated in the Communist Revolution; which saw the overthrow of the Dranian Federation and beginning of the Rowiet Union and Dranian Civil War. Peace lasted on the peninsula until international tensions saw a Gao-Sotoan invasion of Rhynach and Eljang in 4954. Following victory in the Great Dovanian War, the Rowiet Union gave way to the modern FRD.
Dankuk is located on the Kyo Peninsula in the northwestern region of Dovani between the latitudes of 48° and 62°N and the longitudes of 167°W and 165°E. The nation covers an area of 1,201,800 km² and shares its only land border with Kazulia to the south. To the west is the North Anantonese Ocean, across which is Egelion.
Deep fjords indent the northern coasts and much of the central FRD is mountainous or hilly, as it is occupied by the northern extension of the Barrier Range. The highest point is 6,950 ft, at the peak of Jungang Mountain in Hyonggi. Hot springs are common throughout the mountainous regions of the Kyo Peninsula and are used for inexpensive heating. The southern coasts are hilly and vast plains cover much of inland Eljang and Hyonggi. There are many rivers throughout Dankuk originating from various areas of the central mountain range. The largest river is the Kan, originating in northern Eljang, running through Hyeokjin, and emptying on the southern coast into the Anantonese Ocean.
Climate varies between temperate, oceanic, and subarctic depending on the region of the Kyo Peninsula. In the northern regions, most areas have subarctic climates and are very cold. The more central regions are temperate with cool to warm summers and relatively cold winters. However in the mountainous central areas; the climate is much more cool and dry. In the south, most areas have the same temperate climate, however, parts of the coastal regions in Eljang and Hyonggi have oceanic climates. These oceanic areas have the warmest summers in the nation, though they still to tend to get cold in the winter.
Dankuk is noted for its vast natural landscapes, from the icy fjords to the dense isolated forests. In 4761, the Federal Park Service was established to manage designated national parks, monuments, and conservation areas in the Dranian Federation; the FPS later becoming the BNR. Much of the natural environment of the interior regions remain largely untouched by human development. These expansive protected forests in the foothills of the central mountain range of the Kyo Peninsula are a popular destination for skilled hikers and nature enthusiasts. The Norfiords are recognized as a natural Global Heritage Sites by the IESCO.
In the northernmost areas of the Kyo Peninsula it is possible to view the aurora borealis, also referred to as the "northern lights."
While Dankuk has received criticism for its whaling traditions, in other realms the nation has often enacted environmentally progressive policies aimed at preserving designated lands, limiting urban sprawl, and reducing carbon emissions. Dankuk has a very low reliance on fossil fuels and all vehicles are required to be electric or operate using environmentally-friendly fuels.
Government and politics
Dankuk is a popular unitary republic, with 10 primary subdivisions with equal rights. Uniquely, and mainly due to the geographic, anthropogenic, and climate attributes of the Kyo Peninsula, large, sprawling metropolises account for a huge share of the total population. Local governments are semi-autonomous, and contain executive and legislative bodies of their own. The judicial branch operates at both the national and local levels.
The Supreme Law of the Land is the Constitution of Dankuk
Dankuk is divided into Provinces and Cities at the first level; the Provinces of Hyonggi, Myeoggi, Eljang, Ulbraca, and Rhynach, the Metropolitan Cities of Taeyang, Hyeokjin, Gran Norte, Lwybr Hawl, and Seongtaek Capital City. The provinces are further divided into cities and counties as tertiary subdivisions. The cities are independent of provinces and are additionally composed of districts as tertiary administrative subdivisions.
Foreign policy is extremely subject to change, with various parties and administrations changing trajectory. There are two main positions the government generally takes; neutrality and interventionism.
Historically, these stances can be represented by two major periods in the nation's history, the Federal and Rowiet period. During the Federal years, Dranian foreign policy was neutral at it's core. When active in the world arena Dankuk was more of a moderating voice, and maintained positive and steady relations with it's neighbors. The Dranian Federation was witness and signatory to many treaties and accords, but these were mainly to promote bilateral ties, ethical policy, and trade negotiations. In short, it supported peace and diplomacy from a neutral if progressive and observant stance.
Under the Rowiet era, the UCCR's foreign policy was dictated very politically and was extremely interventionist. Most international diplomacy was conducted through representatives at the Communist International; and the UCCR primarily supported socialist states over historical allies. The Rowiet Union had positive relations with Seko, Kirlawa, and Bianjie among others. Insurgent groups all over the world, such as the Mpakoalan Liberation Army, the Hulstrian VBF, HVF, and HVBA, and the anti-Yuanists in Yingdala received substantial Rowiet support. The UCCR was very biased and supported factions, joining the CPIS fully and gaining Associate Status in the Dovani Pact. The Communist Rowiet Union's main geopolitical, socioeconomic, and ideological rival was the Fascist Empire of Gao-Soto, with the former vanquishing the latter in the Great Dovanian War.
The Ministry of Defense generally wields the most control over military functions, though the President is the Commander in Chief. The People's Protection Forces are divided into five branches: Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Strategic Rocket Force, and Special Operations. The Dranian military is maintained primarily for the purpose of protecting national sovereignty. Dankuk seldom declares or instigates war, and most wars involving Dankuk have occurred domestically.
Dankuk has an upper-middle income industrialized, mixed economy. There are large regional gaps in the economic development of Dankuk, which primarily centers around the nation's urban cores. Most land area of Dankuk has low population density and is either undeveloped or occupied by farmland. Despite the urban level of economic development, rural local economies in many regions are akin to the developing world and rely upon agriculture.
Generally 4 models of business exist in Dankuk - State, Rowi, Chaebol, and small business. State businesses are businesses run by government-owned companies, such as DanRail. They generally function to serve the people rather than for profits if providing essential services (i.e. transport and energy), but industries of lesser importance or of greater economic prospect generally function as a private company would, for net gains.
Rowi businesses are a relic of the Rowiet Era, and mainly consist of worker's co-ops, which are in turn organized and dictated by labor councils. They are the strongholds of labor rights in Dankuk, with all workers being unionized. In general, Rowis are affiliated under the General Association of Rowis of the Free Republic of Dankuk (GAR), and most economic directives originate from said councils. Rowis are arguably the best businesses for workers, but are infamous in Dranian society for being generally expensive, entitled, and behind the times.
Conversely, Chaebol businesses such as Muhandae are the antithesis of Rowi businesses. Most are owned by family conglomerates (Chaebol), who amass massive amounts of a market and effectively corner it. These corporations branch out into a wide variety of fields, with it being technically possible to live and die using the products of a single company. Chaebol are in general the most effective of the business models, and have high brand name recognition and quality control. However, the model also allows mass corruption, wealth inequality, and labor rights violation. Chaebol have long history and presence in the Dranian economy besides a brief intermission in the Rowiet era. In modern Republican times, Chaebol have returned, but are more regulated and are prevented by law from holding an all-out monopoly like the great industries of old.
Small businesses are private conventional businesses owned by a capitalist. However, they have no conglomerate model and generally operate in one industry. Small businesses generally face the most economic trouble and are harder to organize and maintain successfully. They are sometimes referred to as "Mini-Chaebol".
The government has traditionally placed great emphasis on rapid development of advanced industries and expanding the service sector. There is particular strength in the education, healthcare, manufacturing, and technology sectors. There is also a successful tourism sector, which draws primarily upon the winter season when ski resorts in Myeoggi and Hyonggi become very popular destinations. Dankuk also receives cultural tourism for its ancient historic sites of the Kyo.
Dankuk has a very active primary sector based in such activities as agriculture, forestry, fishing, and mining. There have also been initiatives to explore the northern coast of the peninsula for offshore oil and gas reserves to export. The strongest areas of the primary sector are forestry, fishing, and whaling followed closely by mining. However, mining has been in decline, especially due to environmental regulations and shifts in energy needs. Fishing and whaling are often considered the most highly regarded of these primary sector areas and generally brings the most profits, both domestically and internationally. Forestry and its related sectors, such as paper, pulp, and timber, are also of particular importance to the Dranian economy. Agriculture is most present in Eljang, and to some degree in Reuni and Hyonggi; it is dominated by livestock as there are severe limitations to growing crops.
There is also a well-developed secondary economic sector. Much of the activities within this sector are in light industry, particularly in the manufacturing of consumer electronics, furniture, clothing, and home appliances. The heavy industry of Dankuk is larger than the light industry; which has resulted in a robust economy at the cost of significant consumer dissatisfaction. Seongtaek is the busiest port city of the nation and a large portion of foreign commerce passes through this area.
Due to the limitations that accompany Dranian geography, there is a significant reliance on imported goods, particularly for such necessities as food or certain luxury goods. Major trading partners include Kazulia, Hulstria, Indrala, Seko, and Tukarali.
The majority of Dankuk's energy needs are fulfilled by domestic production and the nation is a net-energy exporter. Coal historically played a major role, however its domestic use has been eliminated and coal mining operations have since ceased. Most energy is sourced from nuclear, hydroelectric, and geothermal energy. On a smaller scale, some regions have drawn upon solar and wind energy to meet the needs for local communities; with mixed results.
Dankuk National Railways; known as DanRail or GukCheor, is the national system of Dankuk, operating passenger and freight trains throughout the nation. DanRail runs all throughout the nation connecting major cities and infrastructure; but there is sizable room for private and local TOCs as well.
There are two major international airports in the UCCR, Hyeokjin International Airport and Seongtaek International Airport. Additionally, there is a major national airport located in Gran Norte. Smaller regional and local airports exist throughout other significant cities. HangHam (Dankuk Airlines) is the largest airline in Dankuk and from its Seongtaek hub it connects to many major locations all across Terra.
Dankuk has a population of around 40 million people.
Main Article: Education in Dankuk
The FRD has a renowned public education system; with illiteracy eliminated; and it has been reported that they read more books per capita than any other nation in the world. Public schooling is overseen through the Ministry of Education, starting at kindergarten and going through University. School years are divided into two semesters with specific calendars set a local level. Dankuk has a Greater National University System; the national system of Higher Level Education Institutions. Education is highly-valued by Dranian society and great pressure is placed on students to excel in their academics.
Dankuk is a multi-ethnic union. According to the most recent census, 41% of the population is Kyo, 34% Draniano, 17% Draddwyr, 4% Kazulian, 3% Gao-Showa (primarily Kunihito and Yingdalan), and 1% are from another ethnic group.
The Kyo and Draddwyr are the oldest modern inhabitants of the Peninsula. The ancient Kyo were nomadic, originating from the Gao-Showa people of western Dovani, and arrived around the 7th Century CE. The Kyo began to construct permanent settlements on the Kyo Peninsula, abandoning their nomadic practices and founding the first nation-states to exist on the peninsula. Following a series of sporadic statelets, the Kyo eventually united into one nation of Baeguk and unified the peninsula. Baeguk would last until a stagnant society and lack of technological progress forced the nation to suffer at the hands of foreign imperialists and ultimately to become a protectorate of the Selucian Empire. Following the creation of Dranland, many Kyo felt unrepresented in government. These feelings would culminate in the 3608 Kyo revolution, which saw them seize sociopolitical power and create the modern nation-state of Dankuk. From then until now, the Kyo have generally remained the largest and most prominent ethnicity on the peninsula, though there were many intermissions when this role was fulfilled by the Draniano.
The Draniano largely trace their start and culture back to when Egelian settlers arrived on the peninsula during the colonial era. The Egelian settler population grew significantly and their culture would greatly influence society on the peninsula. By the time of independence in 2177, the Draniano identity had emerged as a result of the long history of colonization and cross-cultural interaction. Given their multi-ethnic nature, their ancestry as an ethnic group include the Egelians, Kyo, and Draddwyr, and identity is more culturally linked than blood related. The Draniano carry strong cultural ties to Egelion. In modern times, Dranianos has come to broadly describe the identity of the majority of multi-ethnic Dranians, although it is also not uncommon for them to identify themselves as both Kyo and Dranianos.
Evidence of Draddwyr presence in the region dates back to the 3rd Century BCE, and resurfaced during the era of Dranland. At their peak, the Draddwyr composed around 20% of the population during the Dranland's existence. The majority of the population was nearly decimated in the Draddwyr Genocide of the early 2000s. Their numbers drastically declined further after the Great Kyo Revolution of 3608. Post-revolution, most Draddwyr were forced to moved to Northern Dovani and the autocratic government of the Kingdom of Dankuk targeted them harsh racist laws and violent punishment. This "second Draddwyr genocide" was largely overlooked by the global community and the Draddwyr population, at its lowest point, was reduced to 2% of the population. After the collapse the Great Kyo Empire, the Draddwyr population had a major resurgence as many returned from North Dovani with assistance from the post-imperial governments. Significant Draddwyr communities emerged throughout Reuni (Rhynach in Draddwyr), eventually establishing their own government. In the modern era, 17% of Dranians are Draddwyr; approaching a similar population share to the times of Dranland.
Dankuk has a universal healthcare system, though smaller, private clinics exist.
Significant public health issues include alcoholism and smoking. Suicide is the nation's 5th largest cause of death, mainly a result of high societal pressure and the economic transition of the post-Rowiet period. While Dranian hospitals have advanced medical equipment and facilities readily available there are challenges with rural access to healthcare, especially in times of emergency.
There are 3 official languages of Dankuk; Kyo, Draniano, and Draddwyr; with most citizens being bilingual or trilingual. Kyo is the most commonly used; followed distantly by Draniano. Draddwyr isn't commonly used outside of Rhynach.
Almost 40% of the nation do not affiliate with any religious organizations and have described an indifference towards religion. Of the people who declare a religious affiliation, most are Daenists or Hosian. According to the most recent census, 28% were Daenist and 21% were Hosian. Other religions include Seodongyo, a syncretic new-age religion, and Sindo, an indigenous shamanistic faith.
Among Dranian Daenists, most are Sindo-Daenists, a sect that incorporates many native traditions of the indigenous Kyo religion. Smaller Daenist sects include Zenshō and Draddwyr Daenism, which intermingles with native Draddwyr paganism. The vast majority of the Hosian population are affiliated with the Aurorian Patriarchal Church.
See also: National symbols of Dankuk
Arts and architecture
There are 5 main architectural styles employed on the peninsula in the modern age; Art Deco, Modern, Kyo Revival, Colonial, and Dranish. Art Deco and Modern are universally employed, with no social or cultural connotation. Kyo Revival was first conceived in the 4920s, and is primarily used in Eljang, Hyonggi, and Myeoggi. Colonial Architecture is a holdover from Egelian Drania, and is most often seen in Ulbraca. The Dranish school is often compared to that of Luthori's; and - outside a couple of isolated cases - is exclusively present in Rhynach province.
Dranian cuisine is very diverse as a result of influences from multiple distinct cultures living on the Kyo Peninsula, primarily the Kyo, Dranianos, and Draddwyr. The diversity of this cuisine is increased further by the hybridization of the cooking styles from each of these cultures.
Dranian cuisine is heavily based on rice, noodles, vegetables, fish, and meats. Traditional Kyo meals are noted for their number of side dishes, or banchan, which accompany steam-cooked short-grain rice. This has become a norm throughout much of Rowiet cuisine, even with non-Kyo dishes. Kimchi, a fermented spicy vegetable dish is commonly served with meals and is among the best known Kyo dishes. Other well-known dishes include bulgogi, gimbap, and tteokbokki.
Soups are also a common part of a meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning of the meal. Some of the nation's most popular soups are of Draddwyr origin, such as cawl, a lamb stew, and cawl cennin, leek soup.
Cafes are popular mainstays of all cities and are known for serving a wide range of pastries, crepes, and other bakery items.
Popular alcoholic beverages include Soju, makgeolli, beer, and omija wine. Soju is the national beverage.
Among Gao-Showa cultures, the Kyo are unique in their use of metal chopsticks. Eating with chopsticks is commonplace in Dankuk; although dishes that originate with the Dranianos or Draddwyr cultures are unlikely to be eaten with chopsticks, instead relying on Western cutlery.
Customs and holidays
May Day is the largest civilian holiday in Dankuk; whilst August Revolution Day typically consists of a grand military parade instead. New Year's has since replaced Eliyahu's Birthday as the central winter holiday; to promote secularism. An interesting aspect of New Year's in Dankuk is Mari Lwyd; a Draddwyr tradition in which a cloaked horse skull and a party of caretakers roam the land and engage in festivities with locals. Ch'usŏk is a popular harvest festival of Kyo Origin; and Children's Day is unique in contrast to typical Mother's or Father's days in that children are celebrated and given gifts instead. The International Day of Racial Solidarity remains a favorite among Draniano and Draddwyr. The Day of Love is typically celebrated by straight couples; with queer couples celebrating Ppeppero day.
Media and entertainment
Main Article: Media of Dankuk
Dankuk has a thriving entertainment industry with significant economic revenues being driven by television dramas, films, and popular music (K-Pop). The Dranian government has frequently capitalized on the success of its popular culture and entertainment, using it as a tool of soft power. Beginning in the late 4940s, the Rowiet government attempted to rapidly increase it's soft culture by funding state music, film, and media production, to various degrees of success and controversy.
The national and most popular sport of the FRD is Ssireum; a Kyo wrestling game.
In addition; Dankuk houses the world's largest gymnastic display; the Arirang Mass Games, every 5 years.
The Kyo martial art taekwondo originated in Baeguk and is recognized as one of the official national sports. Other Kyo martial arts include hapkido, kumdo, and subak.
Association soccer and rugby are regarded as one of the most popular sports in the UCCR. The national soccer league is organized by the Dranian Soccer Association, which also manages the national soccer team. Rugby is organized by the Dranian National Rugby League. Most sports leagues are under control of the National Panel for Physical Culture, but private clubs are popular and exist all across the nation.
Ice hockey is a popular sport in the country as well, especially in the northern regions. Competitions are organized through the 13-club Dranian National Ice Hockey Federation.
Competitive gaming, or e-sports, has become very popular in recent years and the gaming scene is managed by the Dranian E-Sports Association.
Free Republic of Dankuk
Seongtaek (Central Capital)
|Geography • History • Culture • Economy • Government|
|History||Baekgu Dynasty • Beonyeongsalm Palace • Dranland • Dranian Zenshō Revolution • Egelian Drania • Flag of Dankuk • Great Kyo Revolution • House of Ryeo • House of Santiago • Kyobando Manifesto • Kyo-Indralan Revolutionary War • August Revolution • Dranian Civil War • Timeline of the History of Dankuk|
|Subdivisions||Provinces: Eljang • Rhynach • Myeoggi • Ulbraca • Hyonggi|
Hyeokjin • Gran Norte • Llwybr Hawl • Taeyang
Capital City: Seongtaek
|Politics||President of Dankuk • Chairman of the Council of Ministers • National Congress • Constitution of Dankuk|
Political Parties: CPRU • MRD
|Demographics||Religion: Aurorian Patriarchal Church • Daenism • Seodongyo • Sindo • Zenshō|
Ethnicity: Draddwyr • Dranianos • Kyo