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Gao-Indralan
Geographic
distribution:
Dovani, Central Seleya, Indrala
Linguistic classification: One of the world's major language families
Subdivisions:
South
Central
North

The Gao-Indralan language family is one of the largest and geographically most widespread language families of Terra. It consists of four language groups: Cental, Northern, Southern, and Western. The Gao-Indralan languages occasionally go by the term "Gao-Showan languages", since they are spoken by the Gao-Showan peoples. The speakers of the Proto-Gao-Indralan language, the hypothetical Proto-Gao-Showans, are usually associated with the 1st millennium BCE cultures of North Dovani. Their expansion towards the South of the continent is believed to have occured around the 1st century CE. Most of these languages have been strongly influenced by Classical Kunikata, the official language of the Empire of Gao-Soto, and the oldest attested Gao-Indralan language.

SubdivisionsEdit

CharacteristicsEdit

Characteristic of most Gao-Indralan languages is a particular syllable structure involving monosyllabic morphemes; phonemic tone; a fairly large inventory of consonants, including phonemic aspiration; few or no clusters at the beginning of a syllable, other than clusters ending in a glide consonant; and a small number of possible distinctions at the end of a syllable, including no clusters, no voice distinction and unreleased stops. Phonemic tone is one of the most well-known of Gao-Indralan language characteristics. Indralan and Đinh, as well as Classical Kunikata, are tonal languages. Kyo and modern Kunikata do not have phonemic tone, but they do have a pitch accent.

Gao-Indralan languages are highly analytic languages. Words are not obligatorily marked or inflected for gender, number, person, case, tense, or mood. Instead, these properties can optionally be indicated by adding independent, invariant modifier words and particles that are sometimes not even bound morphemes. Central Gao-Indralan languages do have suffixes for properties of the verb itself like aspect, mood, and tense, but agree with South Gao-Indralan languages in not marking gender, number, or any other properties of the verb arguments on the verb itself. A quite specific feature of the Gao-Indralan languages is the existence of a well developed system of classifiers or measure words, used to classify the referent of a noun according to its meaning.

Personal pronouns in most Gao-Indralan languages are open class words rather than closed class words: they are not stable over time, not few in number, and not clitics whose use is obligatory in grammatical constructs. New personal pronouns or forms of reference or address can and often do evolve from nouns as fresh ways of expressing respect or social status. Another way of viewing this phenomenon is that these languages do not have personal pronouns in the Western sense. This derives from the complex politeness system typical for most of the languages of this family. Linguistic systems of politeness, including frequent use of honorifics, with varying levels of politeness or respect, are well-developed in these languages. Gao-Indralan speakers may use different words with the same meaning, but with varying degrees of politeness, in different contexts. For example, bác, chú, dượng, and cậu are all Đinh terms that all refer to different statuses of "uncle".

Writing systemsEdit

With the adoption of Classical Gao-Showan as a literary language, the areas that were under the cultural influence of the Empire of Gao-Soto, which include most speakers of Gao-Indralan languages, adopted the Gao script to write their own languages, thus influencing the development of a national written language based on the previously unwritten local language. The Kyo have created their own (phonetic) writing system, partially derived from Gao Characters, called Kyogul. Starting with the 16th century, when Gao-Showans first entered contact with the West, the Selucian script has been adapted for writing Gao-Indralan languages. Today, Đinh is entirely written in Selucian script. Kunikata also uses two syllabary scripts called karina.

OOC:Edit

Gao-Indralan languages are the Particracy equivalent of East Asian languages. Although in real life these languages form a linguistic union and belong to several unrelated language families, here they are considered to be genetically related, and to form a single language family. Here they are grouped in three subdivisions based on several common elements shared by their RL counterparts. If any of this does not make sense, please feel free to modify.

Gao Gao-Showans
Peoples Central: KunihitoSekowansKyo | Northern: UtariWelang | Southern: IndralansĐinhPhra | Western: TukareseMu-TzeBianjie
Languages Gao-Indralan: KunikataSekowanKyoIndralanĐinhPhraUtari | Jelbo-Tukaric: PanmuanBianjie
Regions DovaniSeleyaGao-SotoSekowoDankukIndralaTukaraliJinlianDaliborGreat North Dovani PlainKalistanBianjie
History Empire of Gao-SotoKingdom of SekowoHistory of SekowoHistory of IndralaHistory of DranlandHistory of TukaraliGreat Sekowian WarSouthern Hemisphere War
Religion Gao-Showan ReligionsDaenismMazdâyanâZenshōKamismGuidaoJienismKanzo
YuDynastyFlag State of Indrala

瑩大磖國 (Indralan)
Yingdala Guo

History Historic Events: Blue Lotus Rebellion - Dawei Miracle - Southern Hemisphere War - War of Independence - Yu Restoration
Historic Periods: Mesing - Gemu-Teng - Qin - Talmu - Great Xinhan - United Commonwealth - Alorian Protectorate - Gongchang - Mingzhi - He - Yu
Important Sites: Heavenly City - Mengmai - Temple of Ten Thousand Bidars
Geography Natural Features: Anle Range - Baitian Valley - Fehua Bay - Ma-Gan River - Tebie Desert - Shengo Rock
Provinces: Han - Jiaozhi - Min - Anle - Shu
Politics Chief Minister of Indrala - Grand Assembly
Political Parties: Lotus Party - New Dawn - Social Democratic Party
Demographics Ethnic Groups: Indralan - Kyo-Indralans - Dinh - Bianjie - Kunihito
Religion: Jienism - Guidao - Daenism (Mazdâyanâ, Zenshō) - Seodongyo
Culture Monarchy - Nobility - Sport - YingPop
Economy Agriculture - Banking - Caizu - Industry - Jiaozhi Miracle - Mining - Tourism
Sekowo articles
History Empire of Gao-Soto, Kingdom of Sekowo, Union of Sekowo, Aretic Archonate of Sekowo, Second Sekowan Civil War, Deydono Doctrine, First Commonwealth of Sekowo, First Sekowan Empire, Second Commonwealth of Sekowo, Third Sekowan Civil War, Fourth Sekowan Civil War, Second Sekowan Empire, Great Sekowian War (Operation Steel Impetus, Operation Black Bear), Southern Hemisphere War, Indralan-Sekowan War
Geography Dovani, Barrier Range, Great Northern Dovani Plain
Demographics Ethnicities: Sekowans, Kunihito, Gao-Showa, Sécowonnais, Orinco, Kli'kut, Kuragao
Religions: Mazdâyanâ and Zenshō Daenism, Kamism, Jienism, Guidao, Native Beliefs, Aurorian Patriarchal Church, Orinco Polytheism
Languages: Sekowan, Kunikata, Canrillaise, Orinco, Tsekwon
Government & Politics Government of Sekowo, Politics of Sekowo, Political Parties, Ishida Dynasty, Zenshō Socialism, Pan-Dovanism
Han Hokuzan, Tōzan, Nanzan, Kankawara, Sanko
States & Protectorates Argos, Cho'kun, Kurageri, Lyore, Medina, Midway, Rapa Pile, Shiratoku, Teoitan, Tropica
Armed Forces Imperial Sekouo Air Force, Imperial Sekouo Ground Forces, Imperial Sekouo Navy
People Arya Patil, Ayako Ishida, Chandi Prateesh, Fritz Melchior Schulz, Hinata Ishida, Jim Kelton, Kurt Heinz Baumgartner, Kyumi Ishida, Lucumon Deydono, Motoko Kayabuki, Orihime Arisawa, Otaru Komei, Peter Kurt Baumgartner, Rodai Telos, Sakura Ishida, Samael Izunomi, Sayoko Stadtfeld, Shizune Abarai, Taisho Komei, Takeshi Komei, Oma Ishida, Suzuka Ishida, Makoto Ishida, Sai Ishida, Yuko Ishida, Himawari Ishida
Tukarali articles
History Kemokian EmpirePhraatid DynastyMu-Tze KhanateRyan MalagarTukarali EmirateInsurectionnal Disorder of TukaraliDemocratic Kingdom of TukaraliFascist State of TukaraliDemocratic Republic of TukaraliTukarali StateGlorious Republic of Greater Tukarali
Prefectures Flag of Boruska BoruskaFlag of Dhataan DhataanFlag of Lago Kwantu Lago KwantuFlag of Morata Valley Morata ValleyFlag of Shrin Kali Shrin Kali
Political Parties< Tukarese Democratic UnionSocial Democratic Party (Tukarali)Partido Socialista DemocráticoCidadania e Democracia Cívica
Demographics Religion: Daenism, Jienism, Kanzo, Ahmadism, YazdismEthnicity: Tukarese, Mu-Tze
Notable People & Families João Pedro ColiAlexandro ZapataAndreas MagbantayGeoffrey ThornalleyGuo QiHouse of AynakoK. Huy LuongKyuma NaruhitoMarisol ParesiNasri FamilyRoi TiangcoRoland LafargeRui MalagarRyan MalagarShinji KuninobuShuya NakagawaTakahiro TranCristiana Ferreira das Neves
Juche3 Democratic People's Republic of Kyoseon
Pyongro (Capital)
GeographyHistoryCultureEconomyGovernment
History 3572 Dranish coup d'étatBaekgu DynastyBeonyeongsalm PalaceDranian Seung RevolutionDranlandEgelian DraniaFlag of DankukGreat Kyo Revolution of 3608Great Sekowian WarKyobando Manifesto of 3597Northern Dovani4590 Revolution4613 Imperial Restoration4642 Revolution
Subdivisions Provinces: Flag of Eljang ElbianFlag of Reunii LorenMyeo MagadoniaFlag of Hyonggi ValdorFlag of Ulbrach Ulbrach
Federal Cities: GC Flag GongmangdoIglesia Mayor Flag Iglesia MayorPort Rhynach Flag Port RhynachFlag of Seongtaek Seongtaek
Capital City: Yonseoflag Pyongro
Politics PresidentChairman of the National Affairs CommitteeSupreme Soviet of People's Power
Political Parties: Kyo Worker's PartyProgressive UnityParty of CommunistsRed Flag
Demographics Religion: Cheonist HosianismDaenismSeodongyoSindoZenshō
Ethnicity: Kyo

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