See also: History of Rutanian Politics
The Government of Rutania takes place under the framework of a presidential federal republic based on the federal division of powers, consisting of three branches of government; executive, legislative, and judiciary.
The Executive Branch in Rutania is co-led by both the President and the Prime Minister. Both positions are "equal" and have different functions and powers as a means to "check" one another to ensure no position becomes powerful than the other. However, when the positions are occupied by the same party, power seems to concentrate more in the President than the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is subordinate to and headed by the Prime Minister. The 12-member body is tasked with carrying out government policy passed by the legislature.
The President of Rutania is the head of state of Rutania and commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Rutania. The president is the chief diplomat and executive of Rutania. The President is elected directly by the people and is not subject to any term limits. Since 4535, the three hundred twenty-eight and current President is Graham McGuire.
The Prime Minister of Rutania is the head of government and the leader of the cabinet. The prime minister (and cabinet) is charged with ensuring laws are carried out. The Prime Minister is chosen when a cabinet is proposed in the Parliament and passed. Since 4532, the Prime Minister has been Ron Simmons.
The 12-member Executive Cabinet is composed of government ministries, headed by a Minister, which are responsible for a certain area of policy. In addition to that, there are four-cabinet level offices which do not have Ministerial rank and three independent agencies which are government entities that have independence from oversight by a ministry.
|President||Graham McGuire||Democratic Socialist Party of Rutania||4535|
|Prime Minister||Ron Simmons||People's League of Rutania||4532|
²Currently served by the Minister of Defense
The nation is supported by a 750 seat unicameral legislature known as the Parliament. The Parliament is directly elected based on a system of proportional representation every 4 years, or sooner if a motion for early election is passed and consists of 750 seats who are divided among 5 provinces based upon population. All of the 9 major parties in the country are eligible to hold seats.
|Civic Republican League of Rutania (CRLR)||Left||Civic Republicanism||Princeton Fields||N/A||4173||100|
|Rutanian Democrat Party (RDP)||Center-Right||Liberalism||Lodaf Tilher||N/A||4527||41|
|Rutanian Libertarian Party (RLP) (RLP)||Right||Libertarianism||Boțan Gabriel||419, Principal Street, Vandenburg||4509||61|
|Democratic Socialist Party of Rutania (DSPR)||Left||Democratic Socialism||Graham McGuire||1-3 Karstang Place, Vanderburg, Khodor, VXB CC1||3948||138|
|People's League of Rutania (PsLR)||Right||Libertarianism||Leo Basu||League Tower Boieng Street Hannford Khodor Rutania||4520||42|
|Independence Freedom Alliance (IFA)||Right||Liberal Conservatism||Patrick Lavander||N/A||4523||90|
|Rutanian National Congress Party (RNCP)||Right||Libertarianism||Nikki Jefferson||N/A||4523||170|
|Hosian Democratic party of Rutania (HDpR)||Center-Right||Hosian Democracy||Barbara Adams||N/A||4451||72|
|Democratic Change Movement (DCM)||Centrist||Liberalism||N/A||N/A||4451||36|
In Rutania, the judiciary branch is tasked with interpreting and applying the law. This branch does this by hearing and eventually making decisions on various legal cases.
The Supreme Court of Rutania is the supreme court (court of last resort) for the country. It generally is an appellate court that operates under discretionary review; meaning that the Court, can choose which cases to hear. In a few situations (like lawsuits between provincial governments or some cases between the federal government and a province) it sits as a court of original jurisdiction.
The Commonwealth Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court. They operate under a system of mandatory review which means they must hear all appeals of right from the lower courts. The Rutania District Court is the general trial court and has original jurisdiction. In such cases, the district courts have jurisdiction to hear appeals from such lower bodies.
- Elections are currently conducted every 4 years throughout the nation, for federal, provincial and local elections in all 5 provinces. Elections are based on the election schedule which currently features February as the month for elections. The creation of the 5th Republic established that elections were to be held on the 10th of the month. Rutania uses First-past-the-post (FPTP) in local and provincial elections; Run-off voting is used in the Presidential Elections; Plurality at-large is used in Parliamentary elections due to the usage of multi-member districts. Rutania has universal suffrage, meaning once a person is the age of 18, they are allowed to vote provided they are registered.
Currently, March 10th is the date for general elections in Rutania, with the next one scheduled to occur in February 4539.
|History||Second Dundorfian Civil War|
|Geography||Artania - Ardinia - Bozarland - Delvar - Khodor - Kragusrov|
|Politics||Political parties - President - Prime Minister - Parliament|
|Demographics||Ethnic groups: Rutanians, Duntrekkers, Gao-Showa |
Religion: Hosianism - Yeudism
|Culture||Sport - Armed Forces|