The Hent House of Assembly is the unicameral legislature of Hent, passing acts that apply solely to Hent and variably, Federal Laws. The House of Assembly is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets, approving the state's accounts, appointing and exercising control of the Government, and taking part in international co-operation. Bills may be initiated by the Government or by assembly members. Hent is a representative democracy with universal suffrage. Membership of the House of Assembly is based on proportional representation of political parties, with a 2% electoral threshold. 30 representatives are elected to the House of Assembly, who are known as Assembly Members (AMs). Parliamentary elections are held at least every five years, but it is within the powers of the Minister-President to ask the House of Assembly to call for an election before the term has elapsed. On a vote of no confidence, the House of Assembly may force a single minister or an entire government to resign.
The Government of Hent operates as a cabinet government, where executive authority is exercised—formally, on behalf of the monarch—by the Minister-President and other cabinet ministers, who head state departments. As the executive branch, the Cabinet is responsible for proposing bills and a budget, executing the laws, and guiding the foreign and internal policies of Hent. The position of Minister-President belongs to the person most likely to command the confidence of a majority in the House of Assembly; this is usually the current leader of the largest political party or, more effectively, through a coalition of parties. For much of its history as a federal state, Hent has been governed by successive National Labour Party governments.
Law and judicial system Edit
The judicial system of Hent is divided between courts with regular civil and criminal jurisdiction and administrative courts with jurisdiction over litigation between individuals and the public administration. The Hentish Constitution ensures judicial independence from government and Parliament by providing that judges shall only be guided by the law, including acts, statutes and practice. The Hent Supreme Court is the highest civil and criminal court responsible for the administration of justice in the state.
Natural Resource Extraction Edit
Hent has some sources of oil and natural gas in the Anantonese Ocean with Birkehus being the main city for the oil and gas industry. Production has decreased in recent years, though. Whereas in previous years output in mining and quarrying industries made up more than 4% of Hent's GDP in 4617 it amounted to 1.2%. The sector is very capital-intensive, so the share of employment is much lower: About 2,000 persons worked in the oil and gas extraction sector in 4617, and another 1,000 persons in the extraction of gravel and stone, or in total about 0.1% of total employment in Hent.
Hent's heavy industry began to develop in the second half of the 41st century. The Pennington Company established its ironworks at Husby in 4156, initially using imported ore but later using locally sourced Ironstone. The iron industry has expanded ten-fold since then. The shipbuilding industry on the Hermon increased greatly since the first dockyard was established on the Port of Gna. The Hermon was producing more than half of Kazulia's tonnage of shipping. Manufacturing in Hent has shifted its focus, with heavy industries such as shipbuilding and iron and steel declining in their importance and contribution to the economy. It is generally argued that this has been in response to increasing globalisation and competition from low-cost producers across the world, which has eroded Hent's comparative advantage in such industries. However, the decline in heavy industry in Hent has been supplanted with the rise in the manufacture of lighter, less labour-intensive products such as optoelectronics, software, chemical products and derivatives as well as life sciences. The engineering and defence sectors employ around 30,000 people in Hent. The principal companies operating in the sector include; Pennington-Reid, Asvald Gruppen, SlipStream, Viserby Systems and MDBA. The decline of heavy industry resulted in a sectoral shift of labour. This led to smaller firms strengthening links with the academic community and substantial, industry-specific retraining programmes for the workforce.
Hent has a long history of renewable energy use: Wind turbines provided 45% of the total electricity consumption with oil (17%) coal (18%), natural gas (30%) accounting for the remaining 55%. The goal is full independence from fossil fuel by 4760. Initially, Hent was the third-largest consumer of fossil fuels in Kazulia, behind Dreton and Agatha respectively, however amidst the discovery of small oil and natural gas reserves off the state's coast and a near collapse of natural gas prices during the Great Terran War. Hent has extremely high energy taxation rates to encourage careful use of energy, and Hentish industry has adapted to this and gained a competitive edge. The so-called "green taxes" have been broadly criticised partly for being higher than in other countries, but also for being more of a tool for gathering government revenue than a method of promoting "greener" behaviour.
Hent has the lowest electricity costs behind Agatha however, general taxation makes the electricity price for households the highest in Kazulia. Statsnet is the Hent's state-owned transmission system operator for electricity and natural gas.
Public healthcare in Wales is provided by the Southern Regional Health Council, which was originally formed as part of the Regional Health Authorities structure formed by the Regional Health Council's Act but with powers over the SRHC in Hent coming under the Government of Hent as per the reformed federal constitution. In turn, responsibility for the SRHC was passed to the Hent House of Assembly. The SRHC provides public healthcare in Hent and employs some 90,000 staff, making it Hent's largest employer. The Minister of State for Health and Social Services is the person within the Hentish Government who holds cabinet responsibilities for both health and social care in Hent.