The history of Majatra begins with the first settlement of biologically modern Homo sapiens sapiens on the continent of Majatra in prehistoric times to the present day.
The earliest attested historical events are related to two major migration events, that greatly impacted the history and demographics of the continent. The first migration wave, the so-called Enetric Migrations, represents the settlement of the Enetric peoples on Majatra from their initial homeland in modern-day Kundrati. The Enetric peoples first settled on the Selucian archipelago, where they were to become the ancestors of the Selucian people, while those that continued their journey Southward into today's Kalopia-Wantuni were the ancestors of the Kalopian people.
The Qedarite Migrations, also referred to as the "Qedarite Exodus", were a series of related migrations from Squibble across Seleya to Majatra. They represent quite possibly one of the largest and most lasting ethnic migrations in Terra. In the aftermath of the migrations, nearly all of Majatra was settled by Qedarite-speaking tribes. The migrations also hold a central role in the national mythologies of the Qedarite peoples, being especially important in Yeudism, a religion that was born from the context of the Migrations.
Ancient Qedarite civilizationsEdit
The direct aftermath of the Qedarite Migrations was the development of ancient Qedarite civilizations on the continent. Two of these are most prominent, due to both their antiquity and long-term cultural impact. The Kingdoms of Qolshamih and Irkawa are some of Terra's oldest civilizations, and their pioneering efforts in fields such as sciences, art, and politics were adopted by subsequent civilizations, giving Majatra the monicker "cradle of civilization".
The period known as classical antiquity began with the rise of the Cildanian, Selucian, and Kalopian city-states on the shores of the Sea of Majatra. The independent city-states and colonies were a centre of culture and learning throughout the continent, and modern ideas of philosophy, politics (including the very notion of democracy), and science have their roots in the cultural achievements of Kalopian, Selucian, and Cildanian city-states.
Most of the many city-states around the Majatran Sea were brought under the political control of the city-state of Qart Qildar in modern Cildania in the 5th century BCE, creating the Qedarite Empire, the first large empire in Majatran history. In spite of its dominion over the majority of the shores of the Majatran Sea, the Qedarite Empire was essentially a decentralized empire ruled by an oligarchic trade republic. Nonetheless, the Empire was a unifying force on the continent, creating a single syncretic Majatran culture and paving the way for the subsequent spread of the Hosian religion.
The Qedarite Empire collapsed due to the arrival of the Jelbo-Tukaric peoples, a migratory population speaking a number of closely related languages and originating from the continent of Seleya, who moved to Majatra in large numbers between c. 100 BCE and c. 50 CE. The migrations led to the settlement of the Jelbo-Tukaric peoples throughout the continent, especially in the area now covered by Pontesi, Barmenia, Vanuku, Jelbania, Deltaria, and Jakania. A number of territories of the Qedarite Empire, most notably the Kingdom of Leucopolis, managed to avoid conquest by the Jelbo-Tukarics.
Birth of HosianismEdit
The last stage of the Qedarite Migrations was the settlement of the Yeudi people in today's Beiteynu around 500 BCE, following the revelations received by Ariel in Cildania that led to the development of Yeudism. Within the context of Yeudism the Hosian religion was to be born in 1 CE from the teachings of a former Yeudi High Priest, Eliyahu of Yishelem. The young religion was to remain a minority belief for centuries, but owing to its adoption as a state religion by the Augustan Empire in 509, Hosianism became the dominant religion in Majatra until the Ahmadi conquests.
One of the successor states of the Qedarite Empire was the Selucian-speaking Kingdom of Leucopolis, located in present-day Ushalande. Taking advantage of the disunity and infighting of the surrounding tribes and city-states, Leucopolitan King Augustus the Great embarked on a campaign of conquest that culminated in the incorporation of the Kingdom of Irkawa in the emerging Augustan Empire. His successors would expand his empire to encompass nearly all of South Majatra, creating an empire that would last almost a thousand years and forever mark the histories of Zardugal, Cobura, Jakania, Deltaria, Kalopia, Solentia, and Istalia.
Arrival of DeltariansEdit
In a series of population movements, the Deltarian people, a group of ethnicities originating in Artania and ruled by the Tokundian tribe, moved from their Artanian homeland into Majatra, finally settling in Central Majatra. Owing to their violent warlike nature, the Deltarians easily subjugated the local tribes, integrating some of them (such as the ancestors of today's Ushalandans and Dissuwans) into the Deltarian tribal confederation. The arrival and settlement of the Deltarians destroyed Augustan hegemony in Central Majatra, the Empire's original homeland, and the Eastern periphery of the Augustan Empire gradually became independent from central rule, all paving the way for the Empire's collapse one thousand years later.
Due to the disorganized nature of the Deltarian tribal confederation and the constant infighting between the seven Deltarian tribes, their empire did not expand beyond their core territory around modern-day Deltaria. This would change however when Thane Štefan of the Tokundian tribe unified all the other tribes under his rule in 991 by force and diplomacy, founding the centralized Tokundian Empire. The new Empire was a much more dangerous foe for the neighboring polities, and during the Empire's golden age, Tokundian rule expanded to control most of the Southern coast of the Majatran Sea, conquering the First Jelbek Khanate and the remaining Augustan possessions in the area. Although the Tokundian Empire adopted Hosianism in its Augustan form in 1239, it continued its aggressive policy against the other Hosian powers on the continent. The Empire eventually collapsed under pressure from the rising Ahmadi Caliphate and due to a revolt of the Deltarian tribes against the Tokundians that led to the expulsion of the Tokundian tribe from Deltaria.
The geopolitical map of the continent would change forever with the rise of a new religion in contemporary Barmenia, Ahmadism. Founded in 1186 by Prophet Ahmad in the aftermath of the collapse of the Sacred Monarchy of Beiteynu in 1154, the new religion quickly spread, peacefully or by force, to the Eastern parts of the continent, establishing the Ahmadi Caliphate. Aided by the conversion of the Turjaks, then ruled by the Augustan Empire, to Ahmadism, the Caliphate managed to remove Augustan hegemony from the continent altogether in the Great War of the South, which established the Great Empire of Turjak, a vassal of the Caliphate, and nearly destroyed the Augustan Empire itself. The Empire would be conquered by the Caliphate in 1401, profiting from the invasion of Augustan lands by the Tokundians fleeing the revolt against their rule in Deltaria, paving the way for Ahmadi rule over Majatra. Between 1401 and 1486, nearly the entire continent was brought under the nominal authority of the Ahmadi Caliph, the caliphate collapsing only due to its disintegration into its constituent parts, which had never been fully unified.
Early Modern EraEdit
Decline of the CaliphateEdit
As the Ahmadi Caliphate was never a fully centralized empire, the power of the Caliph began to decline even further beginning with the fifteenth century, as the governors of the Caliphate's numerous provinces began to exert greater autonomy, using their increasing power to make their positions hereditary. By the end of the Ahmadi Empire the Caliphate had fractured into a number of independent dynasties, in spite of their nominal allegiance to the Caliph. The Israi-Abadi split, caused by a dispute to the succession to the Prophet immediately after his death, ultimately ended the Ahmadi Empire after the death of Caliph Azi Bünyamin, when the Al-Majali Sultan of Badara and Kafuristan, citing old arguments over Ahmad's succession, proclaimed himself Caliph and founded the Majalid Caliphate. The loosely linked Caliphate subsequently broke apart into its separate independent dynasties. Some of the territories of the former Caliphate were reconquered by Hosian dynasties, such as the Kingdom of Zardugal, the Kingdom of Cobura or the Kingdom of Fidelia, in a process known as the Rekonkero or Riconquista ("Reconquest").
Empire of QuanzarEdit
After the fall of the Caliphate a new power came to fill the power vacuum in the eastern territories of Majatra in the 16th, as the Banu Qanzar began to rise to power. A Majatran tribe from Kafuristan, the Banu Qanzar moved to the eastern territories of Solentia under the Caliphate, and when the Caliphate collapsed the Qanzar proclaimed their independence. For the next two centuries the Quanzar Dynasty managed to extend its rule over the Eastern Majatran territories and peoples. In 1800, at the height of their power the Quanzar Empire stretched from the current Deltarian and Jakanian borders to the easternmost shores of Majatra, ruling over Solentia, Kalopia, Kafuristan and the Sarrentina Peninsula.
After having expelled the Tokundian tribe, the other Deltarian tribes organized themselves into six independent kingdoms. The Deltarian polities began a process of colonial expansion beginning with the 17th century, establishing settlements in Keris, north Seleya and Dovani, in time giving birth to the Deltarian-speaking nations of Trigunia, Kizenia, Statrica, and Valruzia.
Beginning with the 16th century, areas of the continent were brought under the influence of Artanian powers. Artanian colonial outposts were established around the coasts of the Majatran Sea, primarily in Badara and then, since the end of 18th century, also in Kafuristan, bringing them into conflict with the local populations and first of all with the powerful Quanzarian Empire. Until the middle of the 19th century the Quanzars were able to contain the Artanian forces, which on the continent only manged to establish some outpost on the Kafuri and Kalopian shores. In time, the local tribes learned the value of appropriate weaponry including guns and were able to arm themselves accordingly by raiding Artanian settlements, but in time they began to turn their new arms against the Quanzarian forces, spurred by the rising nationalisms. At the beginning of 19th century, due to their by now superior technology, Artanians were able to expand their influence and since the middle of the century the Quanzarian power began to decrease. In the second half of the 1800s the Artanians were able to include whole nations, such as the Badara Protectorate, established in 1880, ruled by Dundorf.
Nationalism and nation-statesEdit
Beginning with the 18th century, a new ideology, nationalism, took hold over the peoples of Majatra. Calling for self-determination for the nations of the continent, nationalism led to the unification or independence of the various ethnic groups on the continent within nation states, establishing the modern borders that would last, with limited changes, to this day. Many of the nation-states in Majatra would be formed as a result of often brutal wars of unification, bringing together the small kingdoms and principalitie as well as the oppressive empires that had dominated the continent since the fall of the Ahmadi Caliphate. The first nation-state established in Majatra was the Selucian Imperium, formed as a result of the Unification of Selucia (1799-1811). Other nations would soon follow suit, with the Divine Empire of Cildania established after the Cildanian War of Unification (1847-1878), in 1934 the Quanzar Empire came to its end when it lost the control of Kalopia-Wantuni (1930) and Solentia (1934) due to nationalist uprising and reduced itself to control only the Istalian peninsula, the Beiteynu obtaining its independence from Pontesi in 1966, Temiz Ozkan unifying Jakania in 2006, the Republic of Deltaria being established in 2086 after the century-long Terror, and Vanuku becoming unified through its own War of Unification (2090s-2130s)
The continent would however become dominated by a new imperialist power, Deltaria. Initially a formally democratic state, newly unified Deltaria soon descended into totalitarian rule with the regime of the Absolvers, which was then transformed into a neo-feudal regime, called the Dynastic Oligarchy of Deltaria. The Dynastic Oligarchy was slowly taken over by a nominally absolute monarchy, Czarist Deltaria, which was to last, with numerous democratic interludes, until 2996.
The first military conflict of the modern era was the Deltarian-Quanzari Conflict (2109-2130), a cold war between the Republic of Deltaria and the Quanzari Emirate. Although it never broke into a shooting war, Deltaria instituted policies of ethnic cleansing against Quanzari nationals living within the Republic, culminating in a massive loss of life and international condemnation. This conflict was the first step in creating the hegemony of Old Deltaria on the continent, and the resulting Quanzari Holocaust established Deltaria as an international pariah.
Concomitant with the Deltarian-Quanzari conflict was the Selucian-Deltarian conflict, started with the sinking of Selucian transport ship HMS Waterfowl in Deltarian waters. Although this conflict did not escalate to the point of open military hostilities, it did lead to the Selucian Genocide, which forced the Selucian government to grant a number of concessions to Deltaria to end the indiscriminate killing of Selucians in Deltaria. The international community, although expressing outrage, did little to attempt the ending of the genocide.
With the establishment of the Dynastic Oligarchy of Deltaria and later the Deltarian Czardom, Majatra began to witness a more direct form of Deltarian imperial rule over its neighboring nations. The first victim of Deltarian imperialism was Jakania, which was annexed to Deltaria to form the Deltarian Border Marches. Deltarian intervention in Kafuristan in the Kafuristani Conflict (2307-2321) resulted in the conquest of Kafuristan by Deltaria and the implementation of genocidal policies against Kafuris. In 2321, following the overthrowing of the Darnussian government by its Lusitanian minority, Deltaria intervened, creating the Deltarian Protectorate of Darnussia which was to last until 2352.
Rise of Terran PatriarchalismEdit
A major force behind the rise of Deltarian Imperialism was the Terran Patriarchal Church. As the Holy Apostolic Hosian Church of Terra collapsed in 1819, there was no single body for Terra's Aurorian Patriarchal faithful, so that when in 2134 Pius I became the first Terran Patrairchal Pápež, he was accepted Terra-wide. The newly established Terran Patriarchal Church became the sole institution for the Patriarchal faith, bringing together the various national churches that resulted from the collapse of the Holy Apostolic Hosian Church of Terra. The TPC's monopoly was soon ended with the Patriarchal Schisms of the 22nd century. Initiated in the aftermath of the Cadaver Synods of Innocent I in which all the Kardinals in Terra tried a series of deceased clergy, saints and former Popes, including Pius II, and further exacerbated by the pontificate of Jana I, the schisms led to the establishment of the Theognosian Church, the Coburan Patriarchal Church, the Luthori Patriarchal Church, and the Selucian Patriarchal Church, reducing the Terran Patriarchal Church to Deltaria and a few former Deltarian colonies.
A newly formed international organization, the New World Order, based on racial supremacist and militarist ideals, gained a foothold in Majatra during the Triumvirate period in Zardugal. The Triumvirate was a reluctant alliance between the Delic-supremacist Saiserist League, the authoritarian meritocratic Illuminati, and the Historical Communist Party of Zardugal, that gained power in the nation in 2513. The Saiserist League, led by Volodimir Saiser and affiliated with the New World Order, soon gained the upper hand within the Triumvirate, and the implementation of racially-based slavery by the Saiserists led to the disintegration of the Triumvirate and a civil war between the Saiserists and the liberal and democratic opposition, called the Zardic Slave War. Although the war ended in an abolitionist victory, the conflict continued for several decades. The reborn Free Federation of Zardugal remained under Saiserist control, and in 2533 Zardugal invaded Cobura, which however ended in Zardic defeat in 2539. Saiserism emerged as a new ideology, closely associated with the New World Order, and was one of the dominant ideological systems of thought in the 26th and 27th century.
The centuries-long conflict between Pontesi and Beiteynu, started in the middle ages with the conquest of Yeudi lands by Pontesi, gave birth to a new religious conflict in the late 27th century. As a result of the persecution of local Hosians by the Beiteynuese government, the monarchs of Luthori and Greater Hulstria, whose dynasties had ancient claims to the Holy Land via Richard the Lionheart, called for the entire Hosian world to intervene in Beiteynu to protect the rights of its Hosian population. The result was the Grand Crusade, an ecumenical Hosian military endeavour whereby Beiteynu was invaded and conquered by a number of Hosian military-monastic orders from Darnussia, Deltaria, Greater Hulstria, and the Holy Luthori Empire. The Crusade resulted in the establishment of the Hosian Empire of Beiteynu, a loose confederation of Crusader Kingdoms unified by an elected Hosian Emperor; the Empire was comprised of the Kingdom of Yishelem, the Grand Principality of Gran Tadraki, the Duchy of Telira, the Counties of Kudon and Tepal, the Principality of Charoniph, and the Free City of Kreuzritterberg. While the Hosian Empire itself was short-lived, lasting only until 2714, the Kingdom of Yishelem, essentially a Luthori puppet-state, remained in control of the region of Endild for centuries. Apart from the immediate political and military consequences, the Grand Crusade had the effect of ending the Beiteynuese colonial empire (partitioned between Luthori and Deltaria), and the revitalization of the Terran Patriarchal Church, who once again emerged as a Terra-wide institution in the aftermath of the Grand Crusade.
After the Grand Crusade, the Kingdom of Yishelem continued to exist as a separate entity on the territory of Beiteynu. In 2823, after a financial crisis left Beiteynu unable to bailout its largest banks, Beiteynu accepted the offer presented by the Kingdom, whereby the entire Beiteynuese state would be incorporated in the Kingdom of Yishelem in exchange for large monetary investment from Luthori that would save Beiteynu's economy. The Kingdom of Yishelem thus became the sole political authority in the Holy Land, a situation which was to last until 2863, when a Yeudi revolt against Luthori rule escalated into the Beiteynu-Luthori War. The decade-long conflict was ended with the compromise of the Treaty of Poesy, which reformed Beiteynu and the Kingdom into the Commonwealth of Beiteynu and Yishelem, limiting the power of the Luthori monarch to a symbolic position and restoring Yeudi rule in the nation.
South Majatran WarsEdit
In the late 32nd century Majatra would be shaken by a number of destructive conflicts known as the South Majatran Wars, forever altering the balance of power on the continent. The South Majatran Wars were a massive confrontation between monarchist and traditionalist Majatran states, together with their foreign allies, against their republican and democratic opponents. The South Majatran Wars resulted in an overall victory for the monarchist side, reversing centuries of modernization and westernization on the continent.
The roots of the South Majatran Wars are to be found in the Likaton-Kalopian Crisis of 3159-3171. The crisis was triggered by a Kalopian terrorist attack in Likatonia and the aggressive Likaton reaction to the attack. The Likaton government imprisoned without trial a large number of Kalopians in Likatonia, and demanded from the Kalopian government the right to intervene militarily in order to conduct their own investigation, without oversight. Kalopia was supported in this conflict by Kafuristan, leading to the Likaton-Kafuri Cold War.
Likaton-Kafuri Cold WarEdit
Attention soon shifted from a conflict between Likatonia and Kalopia to one between Kafuristan and Liktonia, turning into a cold war between the Likatonian Federal Republic and its allies and the Holy Kingdom of Kafuristan and their allies. While military tensions were very high, the countries first went about the conflict through espionage and propaganda instead of waging military campaigns. The Holy Kingdom of Kafuristan would especially take a firm position against Likatonia with their various economic sanctions of the country and appealing to other nations in the South Ocean region, such as Al'Badara and Jakania, to join them in their opposition; Al'Badara was going through a royal restoration at the time and an alliance was almost guaranteed. Kafuri would go onto sign a treaty with the Jakanian Empire, increasing military and political ties between the two countries including cooperation between their royal families. Kafuristan additionally had the support of several Commonwealth of Nations Alliance nations which included Greater Hulstria and Luthori. Likatonia would attempt to gain the support of the nation of Deltaria but their government refused and remained neutral, but did instead gain the support of Telamon and Keymon. The Heinrichgrad Peace Conference, hosted by neutral Trigunia, was an attempt to end the crisis and prevent the outbreak of war, but the Conference proved to be a failure, and in 3171 war was declared between Likatonia and Kafuristan, together with their respective allies.
South Ocean WarEdit
The resulting South Ocean War lasted for nearly a decade, and saw Greater Hulstria, Kafuristan, Luthori, Trigunia, Badara, and Jakania on one side fighting against Likatonia, Telamon, Cildania, and Kazulia on the other for military and political control over the continent. The war ended with the defeat of the Likaton coalition and their removal from Majatran affairs. Their failure in the invasion of Kafuristan caused the downfall of the Robert Fournes administration; he would be replaced by a more nationalist government who came to power following his fall and who would see through later Likatonia's next intervention in Majatra in the Jakanian Civil War. The South Ocean region after the war would experience a period of reconstruction and economic uncertainily. Kafuristan was the hardest hit during the conflict and required the most attention from the allied forces for rebuilding.
Jakanian Civil WarEdit
Although the South Ocean War ended in 3180, the same participants would once again face each other militarily in the Jakanian Civil War of 3182-3197. Jakania was one of the hardest hit by the destruction of the South Ocean War, with the nation facing bankruptcy and overwhelming taxation. This led to a republican revolt against Sultan Syed I and his autocratic regime; the revolt quickly turned into an outright civil war between the newly formed Republic of Jakania and the Jakanian Empire, each of the two sides supported by largely the same nations that participated in the South Ocean War. The loyalists to the monarch would successfully resist the republican occupation and eventually pushed them out of the country, creating the Great Empire of Jakania. Years following their victory would see however a severe economic depression in Jakania as a result of the large loss of infrastructure.
Pontesian Civil WarEdit
In the aftermath of the South Ocean Wars and with tensions growing between the International Monarchist League and their republican opponents, the Alliance of Terran Republics was founded in 3207 as a counter-organization to the IML. With Terran politics now falling into a bipolar balance of power, the two organizations found themselves in a number of proxy conflicts Terra-wide. In Majatra, the IML-ATR conflict materialized itself into the Pontesian Civil War, a conflict between the pro-Selucian Union of Imperial Crusader Kingdoms and the monarchist Pontesi Hegemony. After the overthrow of the Hegemony by the Crusaders, Pntek nationalists, with IML and Jelbic support managed to defeat the Crusader forces and reinstate the Pontesi Hegemony, leading to a large genocide against non-Pntek citizens of Pontesi
Davostag-Barmenian Debt WarsEdit
Another major conflict between the IML and ATR was the Davostag-Barmenian Debt Wars, a number of wars between Barmenia and the anti-Satanic victors in the Davostag Civil War. Barmenia and the ATR had been one of the Satanic government's strongest allies, so that when the coalition led by House of Thor removed the Satanists from power in Davostag, Barmenia demanded repayment for debts in 3296 . The royalist coalition refused citing that it was the SRP regime that incurred the debt and that the Davostag people would not suffer for it. Davostag also felt slighted by Barmenia's support of the SRP regime hoping it would return to power in the near future. The wars were eventually ended when the Satanic government managed to regain power over all of Davostag.
Under the leadership of the long-lived Federal Republican Party, Zardugal slowly emerged as a Terran Great Power beginning with the 28th century. Establishing a colonial empire on the continent of Dovani, Zardugal became the most powerful nation in Majatra, allowing it to intervene in continental affairs to defend its interests. Zardic power would however be challenged in the 34th century by two wars, the Great Majatran War (3330-3340), which confronted Zardic hegemony in Majatra, and the Southern Hemisphere War (3343-3355), targeting Zardugal's colonial empire.
Great Majatran WarEdit
The first of these two wars was the Great Majatran War, fought between Jalal Al-e-Ahmad's Badara and his allies against Zardugal and Zardic allies. In July 3319 Badara was brought under the rule of the Royal Red Vanguard Society, a Vanguard Communist political movement founded and led by Jalal Al-e-Ahmad. In February 3321, the Union of Socialist Sultantes was founded, replacing the United Badaran Emirates. The new government was hostile to the capitalist governments of Kafuristan and Zardugal, condemning Zardic power on the continent and their opposition to the Royal Red Revolution. In March 3330, Badara declared war on Kafuristan, with the stated goal of liberating it from capitalism and Zardic Imperialism, and on December 19, 3330, the Great Majatran War began with a Badaran invasion of Jerze'har. Zardugal soon joined the war on the Kafuri side, and Deltaria and Kalopia joined Badara in the conflict. After the failure of the Santa Alexandra peace conference in Cildania, an attempt to end the war, Luthori issued a declaration of war on Badara. Shortly after the invasion of the muhafazah of Abi'nadi by Kalopian forces, Zardic forces executed a major amphibious landing on the beaches of al-Fostat, one of the constituent Sultanates of Badara. However, a ceasefire was called after Badara offered peace, resulting in the Treaty of Venetium. The Treaty provided for a substantial restoration of the status quo ante bellum. While perhaps not the costliest war in terms of human lives, the Great Majatran war had a huge economic cost to the combatant nations, and was one of the most significant geopolitical upheavals of its time.
Southern Hemisphere WarEdit
The Southern Hemisphere War was a military conflict in which Indrala attempted to conquer all of Zardugal's colonies in Dovani. Although Indrala was ultimately defeated, the invasion of Zardugal by Indralan allies brought Indrala on the winning side of the conflict at the end of the war.
In 3341, following the Blue Lotus Rebellion, Indrala was brought under the rule of the militarist and Pan-Gao-Showa nationalist Mingzhi Dynasty. Desiring to consolidate its legitimacy, the Mingzhi Dynasty adopted an aggressive Gao-centric foreign policy, seeking the liberation of Dovani colonies from Western rule. Taking advantage of the weakening of Zardugal following the Great Majatran War and the relative defenselessness of Zardugal's colonies after the significant reduction of Zardic military presence in its colonies, Indrala launched a surprise attack on the Zardic fleet located in Skara Brae, Sakvejo, on the 7th of November 3343, severely crippling Zardic naval capabilities. Immediately afterwards, Indrala launched an invasion of the Federated States of Dovani; encountering little resistance, Indrala's armies advanced rapidly, occupying all of Hanzen and about half of Orléans by October 3344. Indrala was soon joined by a number of allies and received significant support from Badara. In January 3346, Zardugal established a blockade around South Dovani, in order to prevent Indrala from supplying her forces on the mainland, and at the same time began a bombing campaign against the Indralan homeland and the colony of Jinlian. By September 3346, all of the Federated States of Dovani had been occupied by Indrala and her allies. Alarmed by the expansion of Indrala at the expense of Zardugal's colonies, Zardugal's ally, Luthori, openly declared war on Indrala in January 3347. In July the same year, Dorvik launched a surprise attack against Indrala, and, in conjunction with Luthori troops, began the invasion of the Indralan homeland itself, taking advantage of the fact that the bulk of Indrala's troops was on the mainland, and under blockade. Taking advantage of the invasion of Indrala by her allies, Zardugal decided to abandon its limited military strategy, and in May 3348 began an invasion of Jinlian. In spite of numerous setbacks, Jinlian was fully occupied by February 3350; with Jinlian and the Indralan homeland under occupation, Indrala surrendered.
The war was however far from over. Jelbania and Telamon, two Indralan allies, entered the war on the Indralan side and began an invasion of the Zardic homeland. At the same time, tensions between Zardugal and Luthori, caused by disagreements about the post-war division of colonies, prompted the Holy Luthori Empire to consider switching sides in the conflict and declaring war on Zardugal. In November 14th 3352, with Zardugal likely to be completely occupied by Telamonese and Jelbanian forces, Zardic president Disraeli issued an official call for armistice, offering several negotiation points. The armistice suggestions were accepted by Jelbania, Telamon, and Indrala. The subsequent Treaty of Port Tackstov mandated Zardugal and Indrala to pay the full cost of the war reparations, granted independence to the South Dovani states and to Squibble and Tropica, under Indralan, Dorvish, and Luthori oversight, mandated a restitution of Badaran assets, and demanded a complete withdrawal of all invading forces. The Southern Hemisphere War thus resulted in the end of the Zardic colonial empire, establishing Indrala as the most powerful state in Dovani, and setting the stage for the subsequent rise of Deltaria as the new hegemon of Majatra.
Second Deltarian EmpireEdit
The significant weakening of Zardic power following the Zardic Wars opened the path for the rise of a new regional power exercising hegemony over Majatra, the Second Deltarian Empire (3470-3568). Ruling over most of the continent for one century, the Deltarian Empire took advantage of the never-ending ethnic, religious, and political tensions between the various groups on the continent, setting one against another with the goal of enhancing Deltarian power. The Deltarian Empire was eventually ended as a result of a civil war, giving rise to renewed conflicts for the control of Majatra.
The Deltarian Czarist War (3457-3466) was a decade-long civil war between monarchist and republican forces in the nation of Deltaria that resulted in the reestablishment of Czarist monarchy and the rise of a new Great Power willing to establish its hegemony over the entire continent.
In 2996, the millennia-long Czarist history of Deltaria was ended with the establishment of the Federal Republic of Deltaria. The Czarist tradition nonetheless continued to be a central aspect of the Deltarian political scene, ultimately resulting in a resurgence of the Czarist movement in the 35th century. In July 3452, several pro-Czar extraparliamentary parties joined forces to create the Czarist Federation, a loose and heterogeneous coalition of left- and right-wing political organizations united by their explicit support for returning the Czar on the Deltarian throne. In the elections of 3455, the Czarist Federation won by a landslide, gaining full control over the Federal Republic. In response, the Republican opposition, controlling the provincial assemblies of Dissuwa, Alazinder, and Doron Akigo, seceded from the Republic, forming the Union of East Deltaria and Doron Akigo in 3457. In reaction to the Republican uprising, the Czarist parties formed their own militias, and in January 3459 the Federal Republic of Deltaria was reformed into the Deltarian State, turning the rebellion into a full-fledged civil war. The two sides in the conflict received substantial international support, setting the stage for future large-scale conflicts on the continent. The war was eventually won by the Czarist side in May 3466, resulting in the crowning of Czar Dušan III.
Lake Majatra WarEdit
The two sides of the Deltarian Czarist War would once again face each other in a much larger conflict, the Lake Majatra War (3494-3509), fought between the pro-Deltarian Holy Alliance against Zardugal and her allies.
The conflict began as a direct consequence of the Czarist War. The establishment of the Deltarian Czardom as an authoritarian and neo-feudal regime and the creation of the Deltarian Empire in 3470 led to increasing tensions between Deltaria and Zardugal, the traditional regional power of Majatra. By the 3480's the deteroriation of human rights in Deltaria led to Zardugal and Cobura attempting to get an international coalition to blockade Deltaria and push for political reforms. Deltaria reacted with increasing belligerence, determining Zardugal to militarize Lake Majatra, the only body of water to connect the two nations, in violation of the Lake Majatra Governance Treaty. In response, Deltaria issued an ultimatum against Zardugal, urging the latter to end the blockade of Deltaria under threat of war. When the ultimatum expired in August 3494 without a positive Zardic response, war began with the bombardment of blockading Zardic ships by the Czarist Air Force. An invasion of Jakania by Zardugal and Cobura was the next step in the war; although allied troops advanced deep into Jakania, the latter resisted full occupation with the assistance of Indralan troops. As fighting in Jakania intensified, Deltaria and her allies succeeded in removing Zardugal's allies from the conflict one by one; Solentia was forced to withdraw her forces from the main frontline after being threatened by a twofold Wantuni and Badaran invasion, and Cobura was crippled by a Deltarian-backed Fascist coup and a Communist anti-Fascist uprising, which also received Deltaria's covert support. Saridan was also prevented from assisting Zardugal due to the ongoing fighting with Badara. With all their allies removed from the conflict and a host of powers now arrayed against them (Indrala, Deltaria, Jakania, Wantuni, Kafuristan, Al'Badara, Davostag), Zardic leaders called for peace, resulting in the Peace of Portsmouth. The treaty was however never ratified, resulting in an unofficial ceasefire that lasted between 3499 and 3507.
Fighting eventually resumed in 3507 with Deltarian airstrikes against Limenostomo and a Deltarian invasion of Cobura. This time the Zardic coalition was much more unified and coordinated, resisting the previous Deltarian policy of removing Zardic allies from the war. The Holy Alliance did nevertheless manage to prevent Selucia from participating in the conflict by sponsoring the Fascist side in the Selucian Civil War, while the Zardic-sponsored anti-Czarist uprisings in Deltaria were defeated by Holy Alliance troops. Although the invasion of Zardugal seemed imminent, this was deemed too costly by the Holy Alliance, and peace negotiations commenced in neutral Dorvik, resulting in the Treaty of Haldor (3509). Although the treaty provided for a restoration of the status quo ante bellum, the war was widely seen as a Deltarian victory, establishing Deltaria as a new Great Power and the hegemon of Majatra. Even though Zardugal was never brought under Deltarian rule, Zardic defeat in the war prevented Zardugal from defending her allies against Deltarian imperialism in the upcoming conflicts.
With Zardugal defeated in the Lake Majatra War, Deltaria was now free to pursue its imperialist designs in Majatra. The first victim of Deltarian invasion was the nation of Jelbania in the Jelbanian-Deltarian War (3521-3523). Jelbania had been one of the participants in the Lake Majatra War on the Zardic side, as a result of the Deltarian Czar's claim to the Jelbanian throne. In Jelbania, the defeat of the Zardic coalition had the effect of weakening the power base of the Sebastian monarchy and the rise of Jelbék nationalism.
Following the strong showing by the newly formed United Northern Union Political Union (UNUPU) in Jelbania's 3515 elections, Jelbania was brought under the rule of a Jelbék nationalist coalition, founded and ruled by Krsyijkai Jeztri, the Chief of the Jeztri clan. Krsyijkai Jeztri was convinced by his favoured wife Nataša Čestiborová, a member of Deltaria's Čestiborovská Dynastia, to join central politics and take up the cause of Jelbék nationalism, fueling rumors that his rise to power and subsequent disastrous reforms were covertly orchestrated by Deltaria. In November 3520, the United Northern Union Political Union ended the Sebastian monarchy, founding the Federal Republic of Jelbania. With Jelbania firmly under Krsyijkai Jeztri's control, the UNUPU began the introduction of a series of controversial reforms, intended to entrench Jelbék rule over the nation, but which in the long term proved disastrous. Internationally, the Jeztri regime, willing to eliminate a major threat to its rule, issued an ultimatum to Deltaria, demanding that the Czar drop his claim to the title of "King of Jelbania". As the Deltarian side, not considering Jelbania to be a significant threat, consistently ignored the Jelbanian ultimatum, Jelbania proceeded to declare war on Deltaria, merely a year into the ten-year period specified by the ultimatum.
In December 3521, the war started with a Jelbanian surprise attack along the entirety of the Jelbanian-Deltarian border. However, as the Jelbanian armed forces were severely disorganized as a result of the Jelbek reforms, the initial assault was easily repelled by Deltarian forces, and President Jeztri himself was captured by the Great Czarist Army. The resulting Deltarian counter-attack quickly advanced towards the capital Baofluz, encountering little resistance. The following siege of the city was won by Deltaria, and Jelbania sued for peace. Under the terms of the resulting Treaty of Baofluz the total disarmament of Jelbania was required, along with entrance into the Deltarian Empire as a vassal kingdom, and the merging of the Jelbanian armed forces into the Great Czarist Army.
The war greatly enhanced the power of the Deltarian Empire, paving the way for its unquestioned hegemony over Majatra for nearly forty years. While the Jelbék nationalist regime that brought Jelbania into war was defeated, Deltaria allowed for a continuation of Jelbék rule, even granting Krsyijkai Jeztri the title of "King of Jelbania", the dispute over which had been the pretext for the war. With Jelbania under Deltarian rule, the Czardom claimed itself a champion of the pan-Jelbic cause, sponsoring the creation of the Jelbic Union of the North, which allowed Barmenia and Vanuku to join the Empire under the banner of Pan-Jelbicism.
Deltarian Intervention in CoburaEdit
The second major intervention of the Deltarian Empire in Majatra was its Intervention in Cobura (3525-3527), a military operation by Deltarian forces overthrowing the Augustan-led minority government, in reaction to the nuclear genocide in Forteco.
Cobura was traditionally the closest ally of Zardugal in Majatra, so that Deltarian victory in the Lake Majatra War brought Cobura to the attention of Deltarian imperialist designs. Deltaria took advantage of the ethnic and religious tensions in Cobura, then led by a minority Augustan government that discriminated against the Mallan and Irkawan majority population. The formation of the Coburan People's Liberation Front, a pro-Deltarian party campaigning for the rights of Mallans and Irkawans against the Augustan minority government, brought increased Deltarian influence in the nation, and international condemnation against human rights abuses in Cobura, including by the International Human Rights Movement, forced the Coburan government to enter a power-sharing agreement with the CPLF. In 3524, the majority Mallan city of Forteco (known as Amkä in Mallan) was destroyed by a nuclear device of Deltarian origin, killing around 500,000 people; although all evidence pointed to the Augustan-led Coburan government as responsible for the nuclear genocide, there are allegations that the incident was orchestrated by the Coburan People's Liberation Front in conjunction with Deltaria. The strong international condemnation against the Coburan government and the nuclear genocide in Forteco forced it to organize new elections, which brought the Coburan People's Liberation Front into power. The new CPLF government promptly requested the assistance of Deltaria in reestablishing order and supporting its rule in Cobura, to which Deltaria responded positively. The Deltarian intervention was quick to occupy all of Cobura, leading to the adoption of the Treaty of Aŭgusta and the establishment of the Deltarian Kingdom of Cobura as a member of the Deltarian Empire.
Occupation of Kalopia-WantuniEdit
Another nation where Deltaria used existing ethnic tensions to her own advantage was Kalopia-Wantuni, in a conflict that lasted from 3533 to 3540. In 3515, the nation was organized as the Central Majatran Federative Democratic Republic, an ethnically-based federal republic founded after the overthrow of the genocidal Wantuni Hegemony by the Central Majatran Revolutionary Organization (KMEO). Tensions between Central Majatra's numerous ethnic and religious groups soon surfaced, leading to the disintegration of the central government of the Federation. All of the constituent republics of the Federation seceded after the Kalopian nationalist faction of the KMEO gained power in three constituent republics after a series of coups. Deltaria and Kafuristan soon became involved in the conflict, backing different breakaway republics. Of these, Siphina emerged as the strongest, particularly due to the leadership of Mehmet Pasha Serhan, the commander of the Siphinan mercenary army. Enjoying a number of military victories against the other breakaway republics, Mehmet Pasha became the unofficial ruler of a large territory within Central Majatra, and after finally conquering Helios, the former capital of the Federation, in 3540, Mehmet Pasha proclaimed himself Beylerbey of Central Majatra and joined the Deltarian Empire as a vassal.
Fall of the EmpireEdit
The fragile peace between Deltaria's various social and political factions that guaranteed the Czardom's flexibility in domestic and foreign policy also ultimately proved to be the Empire's undoing, as the Ríša collapsed in a civil war that lasted between 3566 and 3574. Since the days of Czar Ľubomír II Deltaria had been ruled as an absolute monarchy, with the Men Aside, the Czar's secret police, keeping the Church and Nobility in line. But Ľubomír's son, the mentally challenged Miloš II, lacking the political skill of his father, proved unable to retain Deltaria under his control. After a massive engineered famine created by the nobility with the aim of forcing the Czar to abdicate and after the nobles refused to recognize his son as his legitimate heir, Miloš the Mad proclaimed himself a god in September 3560 and demanded to be worshiped as such by all Deltarians. Three years later he was assassinated and replaced with his more malleable brother Viktor I under the control of the aristocracy. The Men Aside were soon proclaimed illegal and sentenced to death, sparking a revolt that would soon turn into a civil war. As the Deltarian Czardom was collapsing, so too was its Empire, with the many nations under Deltarian rule proclaiming their independence one by one.
The revolting Men Aside soon found their champion in False Miloš, an unknown Deltarian individual claiming himself to be Miloš II. With their power shrinking, the nobles found themselves threatened by popular revolt in support of False Miloš. By 3574 the claimant's forces managed to overthrow the aristocratic government, succeeding in placing False Miloš on the Deltarian throne. The war ended with the extermination of the imperial Čestibor Dynasty and the dismantling of the Deltarian Empire, whose role as the ruler of Majatra would be taken over by Zardugal.
As soon as the Deltarian Empire showed the first signs of collapse, Zardugal quickly moved to restore her position of supremacy on the continent by sending "peacekeepers" to Cobura and Jakania. The Zardic campaigns resulted in the creation of the Pax Zard, creating an empire ruled by the Zardic House of Wiencek. Between 3568 and 3569 Zardugal waged a war against Cobura, who could no longer be defended by Deltaria, and in 3569 Cobura was integrated into Pax Zard. Between 3571 and 3573, Zardugal participated in an invasion of Jakania after the latter declared independence from the Deltarian Empire, opposed by the forces of Kafuristan. The invasion resulted in Jakania's admission into the Pax. The new Zardic empire was short-lived, however, lasting only until 3601, when the House of Wiencek was simultaneously overthrown in Zardugal, Cobura, and Jakania; without the unifying force of the Royal Family, the three member nations of the Pax became independent. Zardic hegemony in Majatra would nonetheless be promptly restored under the Augustan Empire, a more loosely organized but ultimately more successful empire than the Pax Zard.
Although Pax Zard was successful in unifying South Majatra and restoring Zardugal to a position of power after its defeat by Deltaria, the Pax collapsed in 3601. The House of Wiencek, ruling over Zardugal, Cobura, and Jakania, was never fully accepted in any of its nations, even in Zardugal, the House's birthplace. The Wienceks were eventually overthrown in all three nations, resulting in the end of the Pax Zard. In the immediate aftermath of the Pax, Cobura and Zardugal were both brought under the rule of Augustan nationalist parties that called for the unification of the two nations under a reborn Augustan Empire. In 3603, Zardugal organized the Limenostomo Conference, also attended by Cobura and Jakania. The result of the conference was the creation of the Treaty of the Augustan Empire, and thus, in 3607, the modern Augustan Empire was born.
The Empire would eventually be destroyed in a series of wars collectively known as the Jelbic-Augustan Wars (3625-3642), fought between the Augustan Empire and Jelbic nations. The new Empire, while organized on a more equal basis than the old Pax Zard, was still seen as a veiled return of Zardic imperialism by other Majatran nations. The Zwitkostrhosé Conference in Jelbania (3510) led to the creation of the Anti-Augustan League, specifically aimed at countering the expansion of the Empire, and tensions between the Augustans and Jelbania quickly escalated. The Empire did nonetheless continue to expand as more nations ratified its founding treaty. When Kafuristan, one of Jelbania's allies and one of the leaders of the Anti-Augustan League, underwent a revolution and joined the Empire in 3621, Jelbania decided to declare war on the Empire, which it did in 3625, sparking the Jelbic-Augustan Wars. The Wars ultimately resulted in the fall of the Augustan Empire and the beginning of a new era of disunity and conflict in Majatra.
The first of these wars was the Augustan-Jelbanian War (3625-3633), fought between the Khanate of Jelbania and the Augustan Empire. The war started with a Jelbanian declaration of war on the Empire in February 3625, as a reaction to the buildup of tensions between the two sides and the inclusion of Kafuristan in the Empire. After two years of "phoney war", during which time Jelbania was hoping to gain the support of other Jelbic nations, the war started in earnest in 3627 with a Jelbanian invasion of Ingomo and an Augustan counter-invasion of Nemawar. Domestic of the North Nikandro Heraklito, the commander of the Empire's Army of the North, was the officer in charge of the invasion of Jelbania, and his military skills brought him victory in all battles he engaged in. The Augustan invasion was aided by the diplomatic efforts of Laurenio Casoteo, the head of the Empire's Diplomatic Corps in Jelbania, to bring the Jelbek Clans on the side of the Empire. By the beginning of 3633 the Jelbanian government had collapsed and sued for peace; the resulting Treaty of Baofluz recognized Augustan victory and forced Jelbania to join the Empire, while allowing Nikandro Heraklito to expand his military forces with Jelbek troops. The war was the first step in Heraklito's rise to power, who would later establish his own empire in Majatra.
The Barmenia-Vanuku War (3627-3638) was a conflict fought simultaneously with the Augustan-Jelbanian War, and it was an attempt of Barmenia to regain control over its southern neighbour. Barmenia had a long claim to the throne and territory of Vanuku, known in Barmenia as the Greater Barmenian South. As the Augustan-Jelbanian War ensured that Vanuku would not receive Jelbanian assistance, Barmenia began the invasion of Vanuku in 3627 with a bombardment campaign against Vanukuian cities. After a failed Vanukuian invasion of Barmenia, the latter proceeded to invade Vanuku, aided by the shock produced by the assassination of Vanukuian Prefect of the Council Arthur van Zanten. Within weeks, the Vanukuian province of Schoorvesten was brought under Barmenian control, prompting Vanuku to seek the assistance of the Augustan Empire. The latter responded favourably, and after the conclusion of the war with Jelbania, Nikandro Heraklito was sent to Vanuku to repel the Barmenian invasion. The Army of the North's invasion of Barmenia advanced quickly, encountering inefficient opposition. Within a month, Sisula was taken by Nikandro Heraklito, with high civilian and military casualties on the Barmenian side. With Barmenia likely to be completely occupied by Heraklito's forces, Barmenian Princess Dina, the heir to the throne, negotiated a ceasefire agreement with Emperor Theodosio IV. The Emperor, concerned with Nikandro Heraklito's growing power, agreed to end the war and recalled the Army of the North from Barmenia. Nikandro Heraklito however refused, and after taking the Barmenian capital Varishehr, converted to Ahmadism, taking the Jelbic name Temrkai, reformed the Army of the North as the Black Horde, and rebelled against the Augustan Empire. Barmenia was later completely occupied by the Black Horde, and the resulting Treaty of Barmenian Submission recognized Temrkai as the overlord of Barmenia. Soon afterwards the Black Horde would begin a destructive war against the Augustan Empire, resulting in the latter's defeat and subsequent collapse.
Victorious in the war against his formed homeland and officially recognized as the leader of Majatra, Temrkai could now focus on expanding his empire. He however died in July 3645 due to an undiagnosed disease, and with his death his empire crumbled, as without a designated successor his generals fought amongst themselves, plunging Majatra into a new civil war that saw the disintegration of the Black Horde. By 3647, both the Augustan Empire and the Black Horde had disintegrated, creating a new power vacuum in Majatra that would soon be filled by the Razamid Caliphate.
Barmenian Refugee CrisisEdit
Selucian Civil WarEdit
Cildanian Civil WarEdit
|Nations of Majatra|