|350-7BCE||Qedarite Empire||Province of an oligarchic thalassocracy|
|620-997||First Jelbek Khanate||Feudal monarchy|
|997-1248||Tokundian Empire||Province of a feudal empire|
|1248-1486||Ahmadi Caliphate||Province of theocratic monarchy|
|1486-1850||Statelet Era||Feudal anarchy|
|2136–2145||Free Republic of Jelbania||Democratic republic|
|2145–2148||United Jelbanian Commonwealth||Democratic dictatorship|
|2148–2283||Free Republic of Jelbania||Democratic republic|
|2283-2318||Jelbé Isràé Krsyigad (First Jelbanian Union)||Indigenous federal republic (Interrupted by a Daimyo)|
|2318-2329||Transitional Period||Jelbanien dominated republic|
|2329-2383||Federated Republic||Jelbanien dominated republic|
|2383-2388||Jelbé Zwitko Krsyigad (Second Jelbanian Union)||Indigenous federal republic|
|2388-2600||Federated Republic of Jelbania||Jelbanien dominated republic|
|2600-2680||Kennedy Imperial Dictatures||Dictatorial monarchy|
|2680-2700||Jelbek resurgence||Democratic republic|
|2700-?||Korasu invasion?||Foreign rule (Sekowan)|
|3295-3520||Empire of Jelbania||Constitutional monarchy|
|3520-3523||Federal Republic of Jelbania||Dictatorial republic|
|3523-3561||Deltarian Kingdom of Jelbania||Monarchy, Deltarian vassal state|
|3561-3578||Empire of Jelbania||Constitutional monarchy|
|3578-3600||Federal Republic of Jelbania||Dictatorial republic|
|3600-3707||Khanate of Jelbania||Confederal monarchy|
|3707-3721||Khaganate of Jelbania||Constitutional Monarchy|
|3724-3823||Khanate of Jelbania||Despotic monarchy|
|3823-3887||Federal Republic of Jelbania||Minority/apartheid regime|
|3887-4208||Khanate of Jelbania||Despotic monarchy|
|4208 - 4285||People's Democratic Republic of Jelbania||One-party communist state|
|4285 - 4299||Khanate of Jelbania||Despotic monarchy|
|4299- 4342||Federal Republic of Jelbania||Asymmetric federation|
|4342-4358||Khanate of Jelbania||Semi-absolute monarchy|
|4358-4408||Jelbék Khaganate||Executive monarchy|
|4408-4424||Jelbék Civil war|
|4424-4425||Great Jelbek Confederation||Confederal khaganate|
|4425-4437||Great Jelbek Farmers Confederation||Confederal republic|
|4437-4561||Great Jelbek Confederation||Confederal republic|
|4561-4618||Jelbék Khaganate||Executive monarchy|
Jelbania is a country located in south-west central Majatra. Its neighbours are Vanuku to the north west, Zardugal to the west and Deltaria to the south east. The Majatran Sea borders the north east of the country while Lake Majatra borders the south.
About a third of entire country is covered with the Great Perimor Steppe, This great temperate steppe extends from the western half of the taghe of Rilmos, through nearly all of Perimor and west to the eastern half and south of Nemawar. Eastern Rilmos is covered by plains while a small desert area is located in the heart of the Rilmos taghe with dunes rising to the north eastern mountains of the same taghe. The mountain range rises to 4,778m - the highest point being the peak of Mount Prsakijsrljitrk and stretches out for more than 850 km.to eastern Baniray.
Northern Baniray is dominated by grasslands which stretch all the way to the basin of the country's greatest river Drtéréksrne in the north of Baniray. A smaller steppe is found in the south of Turadrad, a taghe dominated by plains similar to those in eastern Rilmos. Plains dominate the north of Nemawar and a small portion of southern Baniray.
Jelbania has a generally continental climate, temperatures are known to rise above 30°C in summer and can fall below -40<°C. In desert areas, a semi arid climate is noted. Average annual precipitation is generally low - below 200mm per annum.
Government and politicsEdit
Currently the Great Jelbek Confederation is a Federal Parliamentary Republic. The head of state, officially the People's President (Jelbék: Kaiék Rklemjikai), as per consitution is a figure largely cerimonial, although, due to the nature of the Jelbanian nation, the President could intervene with a certain political degree to solve the eventual crisis and political stalmate.
The executive powers rely indeed to the People's Speaker (Jelbék: Kaiék Utrmokai), who is expression of the legislature and leds the activities of the Ministers. The cabinet of the People's Speaker, and the Head of Government himself, needs of the vote of confidence by part of the legislature to be fully installed.
The legislative powers, instead, rely to the People's Legislative Assembly (jelbék: Kaiék Bltmojad) a 500-member assembly elected each four years by all the jelbanians. The Legislative Assembly, as mentioned, elects and appoints also the Head of Government and his cabinet, and ratify the international treaty.
For many years during its history, however, Jelbania has been an executive monarchy which mixed elements of absolutism and democracy e.g. the Kurultai. The head of state, officially the Khagan of Jelbania (Jelbék: Jelbék H'ák'án), retains considerable yet largely indirect political power. He serves as the Supreme Commander of the Great Jelbek Horde (as the national army was traditionaly known), appointing most officers while also directing foreign policy. In his absence or incapacity, a Regent-Atabek(i) rules in his place.
The Jelbek clans play an important part of government with senior clan Beks often serving as federal Ministers and high ranked army officers. The clans enjoy self government in their clan territories. Jelbania has decentralised government with large cities, clan territories and taghes enjoying much autonomy although this has been trimmed somewhat in recent years.
To manage the day-to-day management of the Government and to coordinate the works of the Jelbanian Ministers, the Khagan appoints the a Forward Souled Person (jelbék: Wrntusrljikai), the equivalent of a Prime Minister or Premier. Ministers are responsible to the Khagan and the Kurultai.
The legislative powers, instead, is shared by the Khagan and his Government and by the Kurultai, an Assembly whose members are elected by landowners. The Kurultai retains not only legislative powers but it also acts as the highest ranked judicial body in the Khaganate and during royal elections, it form the "Great Kurultai" which is charged with electing the Khagan. In the last years of the Khaganate the Kurultai gained more authority and resembled an average legislative body.
Jelbania has traditionally restricted her forays in the field of foreign affairs to her home continent of Majatra and has primarily focused on engagements with Jelbic countries such as Barmenia, Vanuku etc. Jelbania is a member of the Jelbic Union of the North, the Union of Majatra. Anti-Augustan/Zardic sentiment is strong in the Jelbanian government and the country was once a member of the Anti-Zardic Imperialism Majatran Front and was a founding member of the Anti-Augustan League.
In recent years, Jelbania has begun extending her diplomatic network and has opened embassies in a number of countries. With Jelbania's defeat in the Jelbanian-Deltarian War in the early 3520s, Jelbania became a vassal state of the Deltarian Empire. This offered the defeated kingdom the military protection of the Deltarian Czar and the Empire in exchange for acknowledging the Czar as suzerain. In the Treaty of Baofluz, the peace document signed in 3523 to end the war, Jelbania was forbidden from engaging in certain behavior in the future:
«Jelbania shall henceforth be barred from fielding any form of armed forces, save that which is required for the domestic policing of their own soil and territorial waters. »
(Treaty of Baofluz, Article IV, Section IV.)
«Jelbania shall henceforth be barred from entering into military alliances or pacts with third parties, unless express authorisation is granted by the legislative assembly of Deltaria.»
(Treaty of Baofluz, Article IV, Section V.)
Jelbania was an active member of the Union of Majatran Nations from December 3523 until August 3526 when it withdrew from that body in support of Deltaria's humanitarian invasion to end apartheid rule in Cobura. It rejoined in April 3527 following the incorporation of Cobura into the Deltarian Empire in an effort to use the UMN to pressure Zardugal to account for its part in the IHRM Espionage Scandal, particularly allegations that Zardugal coerced then-president Krsyijkai Jeztri to invade Deltaria, thus causing the Jelbanian-Deltarian War.
When Jelbania declared its independence in 3564, the Treaty of Baofluz was declared null and void. After the restored House of Sebastian was overthrown in 3578, Jelbania's foreign policy has been focused on establishing ties with Jelbic nations, by creating a new version of the Jelbic Union of the North. Jelbania also has a policy of cooperation with anti-Zardic nations, particularly within the Anti-Zardic Imperialism Majatran Front, the Anti-Augustan League and the Embargo on Solentia.
In 3624 after decades of tension, the Khanate declared war on the Augustan Empire. The war briefly went well for the Jelbanians and they managed to capture the Zardic city of Augusta Justiniana but after that,the Augustan Northern Army invaded, defeated and occupied the Khanate, with two major battles in the southern taghe of Nemawar. A pro Augustan Government was installed. In 3686 the Khanate became a vassal state of the Razamid Caliphate and left the Caliphate in 3697.
In the 3720's the Khanate became part of the Tripartite Alliance together with Vanuku and Deltaria, the TA defeated Zardugal in the late 3620's. After the fall of the Temrkai-Mede monarchy in 3732, the Khanate entered a long period of isolatino under a Jelbanien led government. The triumph of the nationalists in 3772 led to vigorius engagement with other Jelbic nations ultimately leading to the creation of the Jelbic Khaganate in 3777.
Jelbania is divided into five regions called Provinces.
Law enforcement in Jelbania is handled by the country's police and law courts, largely responsible to local and clan governments. It is shared between the country's federal Ministry of Internal Affairs and local ministries, the Office of Internal Security and the Prosecutor General.
The police force (the Mounted Police) come under the jurisdiction of the Mnistry of Internal Affairs (in federal territory) while in areas under the control of local governments, they are usually under a local Mnistry of Police. The Office of Internal Security and that of the Prosecutor General are also under the jurisdiction of the Mnistry of Internal Affairs and are responsible for intelligence gathering and investigation respectively.
Jelbania's court system operates at a number of levels, the lowest being local magistrate courts, followed by provincial courts (at a level with High Clan courts) and higher is the federal Superior Court, usually the court of last resort for non constitutional matters. The highest court of the land is the Kurultai which also functions as the national legislature. Its Judicial Committee specialises in hearing cases of high treason and constitutional disputes. A parallel clan based court system exists for inter clan affairs and solving family disputes. Clan Beks and other elders preside over these cases and an appeal is possible to the Khagan who has the final say on all such matters.
Economy of JelbaniaEdit
InfrastructureEditThe Trans-Jelbanian Railway connects the far western city of Amsadomura to the eastern border city of Brnfiàsrl through the capital, Baofluz - a distance of more than 1,600 km. It was built in the late 35th century. There are numerous airports in Jelbania - the main international airport is the newly remained Khagan Shlajkai Airport, located about 15 km north of Baofluz. AeroJelbe is the main airline in the Khaganate, serving domestic and regional routes. Overland roads are mostly gravel and cross country tracks with just about 6,300 km of paved roads across the Khaganate.
The Jelbek clans have traditionally valued only informal education in the military arts for males and housekeeping/handicraft lessons for females. Attitudes towards formal schooling have changed and schools are to be found even among nomadic clans despite education remaining purely voluntary, clans have begun realising the value of it in a rapidly modernising world.
Primary schools starts at the age of 6 and runs from Grade 1 to 5. At 11, students progress to lower secondary school from the fifth to the ninth grade. Upon leaving lower secondary school., there are a number of options available. They may progress on to Grades 10 and 11 where a general education course is offered and onwards to grades 12 and 13 in the same path, or go on to a training school to learn a skilled profession which may be combined with an academic education in certain specialist colleges. A large minority drop out after the ninth grade but this number is decreasing.
Public schools are managed and funded by local government structures include the clans themselves in their rural homelands. Illiteracy remains fairly high especially amongst elder rural citizens - it was estimated to be around 32% in 3600. The country has 38 institutions of higher education, 17 of them being universities. The largest schools of higher education are the University of Baofluz, Nemawar School of Mines, Jelbanian Business Institute, Jelbanian Defence University and the Agrarian University of Baniray.
Jelbania has a population of 99,771,491 and its largest cities include Baofluz and Asmadomura. Only 42% of Jelbanians live in cities, the rest in rural areas - mostly as nomads on the steppes and farmers in the apple growing regions in the far south.
In the recent census of 3604, 63% of Jelbanians indentified themselves as Jelbeks, 15% as Jelbaniens, 11% as Majatrans and 6% as Delltarians while 5% identified themselves as other minority ethnics.
Jelbania has a long history of state secularism and the people have adopted similar attidues although the vast majority identify with one religion or another. In the 3604 census, 59% of Jelbanians identified themselves as Ahmadis, 28% as Hosians, 3% as belonging to other faiths while 10% call themselves irreligious. Amongst the Jelbek people, high levels of syncreticism are noted, with many often combining Ahmadism or Hosianism with the old pagan faith Tanhrism (sky worship) of the Jelbeks.
The Jelbeks have a colourful culture, based on their pastoral nomadic lifestyle. Many of their customs relate to livestock, a key part of any nomadic culture. Jelbeks are passionate about their animals, especially horses and horse riding is an extremely popular activity. The creation of the Khanate has led to a re-flowering of the Jelbek culture and traditional dress is increasingly popular even in cities amongst educated settled Jelbeks. An Artanian based culture is evident amongst the Jelbanien minority, with many of them preferring Artanian activities and diet along with some settled Jelbeks. Most Jelbanian Majatrans look to Jakania for cultural inspiration while Jelbanian Deltarians favour the cultures of Deltaria.
National Jelbek cuisine is dominated by meat and bread dishes cooked in a variety of ways and always, a large number of appetisers and soup. Popular refreshments include fermented mare's milk and black tea. Beer is popular amongst Jelbaniens and Jelbanian Deltarians love their spirits and much bootlegging takes place in the community.
Jelbeks love sport and Jelbeks of all ages take part, watch and follow with much interest. The most popular sport is girl chasing (also known as the kissing game), a curious equestrian game involving a young man and woman on horses chasing one another, the young man intent on catching the lady and planting a kiss on her, while the lady wields a whip, ready to use it on an unsuccessful partner.
All equestrian sports are popular in Jelbania and Jelbeks enthusiastically participate in show jumping, horse racing, dressage, eventing etc.
Another highly popular sport is weightlifting, which with boxing rank second and third in popularity after the equestrian sports. The Jelbek football team is an international joke and often invoked in speech by Jelbeks when attempting to describe just how bad something is. The Grey Pups have lost almost every international match they have played. Their luck has turned around and they won the 3620 FIFA World Cup held in Dorvik
New Years' Day (1-2 January), the Khagan's Birthday and Day of Liberation (November 4) are the most important holidays on the Jelbanian calendar. Each holiday is typically celebrated in very high spirits with many public events and much imbibing of alcoholic drinks. Several other religious holidays are celebrated by the devout few but are not recognised by the State as public holidays.
|History||Jeltarian Empire - Jakanian Civil War - Southern Hemisphere War - Lake Majatra War - Jelbanian-Deltarian War|
|Geography||Majatra - Majatran Sea - Lake Majatra|
|Demographics||Ethnic Groups: Jelbeks - Jelbanians|
Religion: Ahmadism - Patriarchalism
|Culture||Monarchy - Nobility - Sport|
|Economy||Agriculture - Tourism|