Kirlawa has had a rather mixed history, with distinct periods of major turbulence followed by major calm. The first ideas of a united Kirlawan state date back to the 1300s with Ylana Ghalee's ideas on a 'Kirlawan Oligarchy', with the Kirlawan Democracy Front spearheading moves to unite the region, succeeding partially with the First Kirlawan Confederacy and fully with the Second Kirlawan Confederacy.
The Second Confederacy and Republican periods were generally very stable, with Kirlawa adopting a semi-isolationist stance, politically distancing itself from the outside world and adopting an economic approach that gradually went to the left, particularly in the mid period of the Republic. However, the CandyKids dictatorship that existed from around 2236 to 2245 heralded in much change in the Republic, with the rise of the Leftist Coalition in opposition to the CK and the birth of Kirlawan fascism.
The Republic lasted, drifting constantly leftwards, until 2289 when the Free Democratic period was heralded in. After the brief revival of right-wing economics from 2295 to 2300, the period saw the birth and regrowth of Christian fundamentalist movements, in particular the Veritan Catholic Church, the Church of the Almighty Path, and the Orange Order.
The Free Democratic era came to an end in 2333 with the First Kirlawan Civil War which saw the end after 299 years of a unified Kirlawa and the splitting of the nation. It would take until 2369 and the establishment of the People's Republic of Kirlawa after the Second Kirlawan Civil War to reunite the nation.
During the 2400s, Kirlawa underwent a period of sustained growth and stability. Towards the end of the century the growth in non-Artanian population led to the establishment of distinct political movements to further the causes of ethnic minorities, such as the Greater Dundorf Party and An Páirtí Daoine Ceilteach, the latter representing the Celtic community made up of Irish and Welsh émigrés.
In 4704, after the country's lack of political parties to guide it, the party Joint Proposal resurged and proposed a major change in the national political system, turning Kirlawa into a federal presidential republic (the Federal Republic of Kirlawa, Poblacht Chónaidhme na Kirlawa in its native language), with a Taoiseach as Head of State and Government, the creation of the Supreme Court of the nation, the stablishment of the Regional Governors and the institution of the Senate of Kirlawa, along with its Head of the Council, changing also the national flag and the national motto.
In 4772, following a landslide victory in that year's election, and the complete removal of opposition from the Senate, the Socialist and Democratic Party brought in many reforms, in particular, reversing the previous Standing Left enacted Presidential Republic, once again creating two separate positions of Taoiseach/Príomh Aire, or in Luthorian, Prime Minister, and the position of Uachtarán or in Luthorian, President.
Kirlawa is situated in the north east part of Artania and is the 2nd most north nation in all of Artania. This makes Kirlawas physical geography and climate very unique and diverse.
Uwakah has 4 physical landforms, Merkanian Mountains, Uwakahan Forrest's, Kirlawan Waterfront, Kirlawan Plains. Each of these physical landforms have their own features. These features are what contribute to the natural resources that are grown in that certain region. The landform regions are,
Uwakahan Forrest's, this Forrest is the largest Forrest in Kirlawa and one of the largest in Artania. This Forrest is mostly located in Uwakah as well as a small part of Merkan and south east Dorvik. The Forrest is roughly 35,000km2 in area. The Uwakahan Forrest's are the 4th largest landform in Kirlawa. The only natural resourses that this landform offers is logging & lumber, which is heavily regulated to ensure the preservation of the Forrest's. It's the smallest landform in Kirlawa.
Merkanian Mountains, these mountains are mostly located in Merkan as well as Uwakah (But not as much as Merkan). It is roughly 150,000km2 in area and is one of the biggest mountain ranges in Artania. This range is mainly made up of rock and is filled with many minerals such as gold, silver, diamonds, coal, copper etc. With gold being one of the mountain ranges number one natural resources, it has featured many gold rushes and is why there are many small town settlements in the mountain ranges. This mountain range makes up 65% of Merkans natural resources. It's the 2nd largest landform in Kirlawa. The upper right photo is a part of the Merkanian mountain range near pace.
Kirlawan Waterfront, this landform is located along the eastern waterfront in the provinces of, Uwakah, Dirlana, Dirguzia & Nuchtmark. It is roughly 60,000km2 in area and is one of the longest named waterfronts in Artania. This landform does not really have many natural resources but does have oil off into the water but that does not really fall under the landform categories it does though have a satisfactory fishing sector in the summer months. It is the 3rd largest landform in Kirlawa.
Kirlawan Plains, this land form is located in the heart of Kirlawa in it is a part of all of the provinces. It's roughly 750,000km2 in area and is the largest landform in Kirlawa. The natural resources are mostly vegetables and fruits with a few more industries such as oil. It is the largest landform in Kirlawa.
Kirlawa receives a lot of precipitation throughout the year. most of that parcipitation comes in the winter and spring months. Kirlawa receives roughly 400mm of precipitation during the winter months (Dec, Jan, Feb), and roughly 300mm in the spring months (Mar, Apr, May), and only recives less than 75mm in the summer months (Jun, July, Aug), and just over 150mm in the fall (Sep, Oct, Nov). This compared to other nations is more than usual, this is because Kirlawa is sounded by mountains on every side except for the south making it very susceptible to rainfall and precipitation coming over from the Merkanian Mountain Range. Kirlawa is the 8th rainiest nation in Artania.
Kirlawa is one of the coldest nations in Artania with yearly temps averaging only 8.3 degrees. The hottest month in Kirlawa is July with temps getting as high as 30 degrees Celsius in some areas. The coldest month is January with temps getting as low as -10 degrees Celsius in some areas in Merkan. Kirlawa is not very suseptable to natural dsasters because of its geography and temps but there has been history of some natural disasters in Dirguzia and Dirlana. Frimpton-on-Sea is the warmest destination in Kirlawa and that is where the beach that is featured is.
|Average High (°C)||1.3-||0.5||2.1||8.3||14.4||19.2||26.7||26.4||21.1||13.7||6.9||1.4||11.6|
|Average Low (°C)||8.2-||5.4-||1.8-||4.2||8.7||11.5||17.8||17.3||14.9||5.2||0.6||4.9-||5|
|Average Temperature (°C)||4.8-||2.5-||0.2||6.3||11.6||15.4||22.3||21.9||18||9.5||3.8||1.8-||8.3|
Kirlawa has 5 regions known as Provinces and a Dependency. The 5 provinces in the nation have their own government and unicameral legislature. The one dependency of Kirlawa is Joint-Ruled by 4 nations. It has its own legislature.
|Official Name||Common||KPS||Flag||Area||Population||Capital||Largest City|
|Dirguzia Province||Dirguzia||Drg.||130,800 km²||19,948,491||Cadoria||Cadoria|
|Dirlana Province||Dirlana||Dir.||133,200 km²||19,926,892||Nisira||Nisira|
|Merkan Province||Merkan||Mrk.||358,800 km²||19,963,018||Pace||Indrala|
|Nuchtmark Province||Nuchtmark||Nct.||224,100 km²||19,969,529||Telon||Telon|
|Uwakah Province||Uwakah||Uwk.||119,100 km²||19,961,847||Salubris||Salubris|
Kirlawa has three branches of government: the executive, legislature and judiciary. All three branches maintain their sovereignty through a system of checks and balances, albeit very limited in scope. There is a Head of State, the Uachtarán (Luthorian: President), and a Head of Government, the Taoiseach/Príomh Aire (Luthorian: Prime Minister). The President is elected through a two-round preferential voting system, whereas the Prime Minister is elected and appointed by the legislature by whoever forms the government, be it a single party or a coalition. Between the two posts, the Head of Government holds most executive power, whereas the Head of State is a mainly ceremonial role. Nonetheless, both post-holders are prohibited from issuing executive orders solely by their decree. The legislative powers rely instead in the Seanad na Poblachta (Luthorian: Senate of the Republic).
Members of the Senate and Governorships (leaders of each province) are elected on a provincial level. Kirlawa holds elections for the Senate, the Presidency and the Governorships every three and a half years (42 months) unless an early election is agreed to by a two-thirds majority in the General Assembly. Elections for the General Assembly are conducted on open party lists based on the D'Hondt method, with five party lists for each of the five Provinces of Kirlawa. Members of the Senate (Senators) and Governors are elected on a first-past-the-post basis.
The following is a table of members who hold prominent positions in the Legislative and Executive branches of government:
|President of Kirlawa||Aoibhín Roche||Joint Proposal|
|Prime Minister of Kirlawa||Patricia O'Brien MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Foreign Affairs||Maeve Fallon MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Internal Affairs||Colmán Ó Raghallaigh MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Finance||Cathal Mac Domhnaill MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Defence||Dermot Mullen MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Justice||Brian Moloney MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Infrastructure and Transport||Saraid Ní Bhraonáin MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Health and Social Services||Saraid Ní Bhranagáin MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Education and Culture||Nora McGuinness MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Science and Technology||Conor Callaghan MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Trade and Industry||Frank O'Reilly MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Environment and Tourism||Dervla Keogh MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Food and Agriculture||Kathleen Kelly MP||Socialist and Democratic Party|
|Leader of the Opposition||N/A|
|Minority Leader of the Opposition||N/A|
|Leader of Other Represented Parties||N/A|
Executive branch Edit
Prime Minister (Taoiseach) Edit
The Prime Minister (Taoiseach) of Kirlawa is the Head of Government and wields the greatest executive power. He/she chairs the cabinet and works with the president and the Cabinet to administer and enforce the law in the nation. The Prime Minister is not elected in any election but is instead chosen by the government, be it comprised of a single party or of a coalition. The Prime Minister works in Éagsúila at the Executive Office along with the President and Cabinet of Kirlawa.
The Cabinet of Kirlawa is a 13-seat body chosen by the Seanad and approved by the President, who act as the government. The leader of the Cabinet is the Prime Minister, who is regarded as the most powerful individual politician in Kirlawa. The government is usually based on a coalition of parties forming the majority of Assembly members. The cabinet is housed at the Executive Office along with the Prime Minister.
Legislative branch Edit
Kirlawa has a unicameral Parliament located in the capital of Éagsúila. The location of the legislature is in the Capitol Complex. This consists of the old Capital which once housed both the Executive and Legislative Branch all under one roof. It has since been turned into a museum. The current Capitol features 2 distinct wings, one for the Seanad and the second from the defunct old Senate, following the merger of both houses into one, seated in the old General Assembly chambers and a number of smaller buildings off to the side that provides offices to all 750 people in the Parliament, and others that work for and in the complex.
Seanad na Poblachta Edit
See also: Parliament of Kirlawa
The Seanad na Poblachta, also known as the Oireachtas or Parliament, is a body of 750 members chosen by proportional regional representation with a maximum term of three and a half years (42 months). It is the unicameral chamber of the Parliament,
For a list of former parties which were present in Kirlawa, see List of former parties in Kirlawa.
|Supreme Court of Kirlawa|
|Head Justice||Justice Ward Anderson|
|Associate Justices||Thomas Bermain|
|National Court of Appeals|
|Uwakah||Judge Julia Lambart|
| Dirlana |
|Judge Alex Garrison Jr.|
| Merkan |
|Judge Christopher Young II|
|Court of Regents|
The judiciary or Kirlawa is mainly centralised. Previously, it operated under a federal, tiered system with the presence of Provincial Courts and regional courts. Now, the Republic of Kirlawa officially has only three branches of courts, after laws were passed which stated that there shall be a "uniform system of courts across the nation".
The Supreme Court of Kirlawa is the highest and most powerful court in the nation. It has the power of judicial review and could check the actions of the President, Prime Minister and the General Assembly, by deeming their actions unconstitutional. The powers of the Constitution are vested in this court solely and the verdict delivered by this court is final unless appealed to the National Court of Appeals.
The Supreme Court is comprised of seven justices: a Head Justice and six Associates, appointed by the President whenever a vacancy appears. They serve life terms and, although are claimed to be impartial, may be influenced by their personal political ideologies when delivering verdicts. This is especially evident when it comes to social issues.
The National Court of Appeals follows the Supreme Court of Kirlawa. Previously, the NCA could decide appeals from the Regional Courts within its assigned Judicial Branch, and in some instances from other designated courts and/or administrative agencies. It has now primarily subsumed the responsibilities of the regional courts. Appeals from the Supreme Court of Kirlawa are delivered to the National Court of Appeals, with three judicial branches based in the five provinces, for consideration and delivery of a final verdict. Justices appointed to the National Court of Appeals serve life terms.
The Court of Regents is a specialised court dealing with military tribunal and terrorist cases. All cases dealing with such issues bypass the Supreme Court of Kirlawa and National Cout of Appeals, and are directed to the Court of Regents for deliberation and final verdict. No appeals may be heard, unless the case is successfully deemed to be civilian rather than military or terrorist in nature.
Kirlawa has been a mainly centralised nation with power vested in the national General Assembly, the national Courts and the Executive. However, there remains to be provincial posts and legislatures which are used for deliberation on local issues, if any.
Each province of Kirlawa elects a Governor in a first-past-the-post direct vote. The position is mainly symbolic, although the Governor holds the casting/deciding vote in the Provincial Assembly.
Each province of Kirlawa also has a Provincial Assembly, each with roughly above 150 seats. They are elected by first-past-the-post single-member constituencies.
Kirlawa has a population of more than 99 million people. It is the second most populated country in Terra behind the Imperial Lands of Kalopia. While it is second in population, it is 13th in Terra in terms of population density. The most populated province is Uwakah Province; the least populated is Merkan Province.
Top 10 Largest CitiesEdit
Ethnic groups Edit
Kirlawa has received many immigrants from all over the world throughout the centuries; but by far the most prevalent ethnicity -- the first thing that comes to mind for many people in the world when they think of "a Kirlawan" ethnically -- is Enlii ( = Anglo-Celtic); a term which encompasses Celda, Luthori, or especially mixtures thereof ( = Celtic, English, or mixtures thereof). This accounts for over two-thirds of Kirlawans.
Kirlawan ethnicity census:
- 44% Celda ( = Celtic; also includes Enlii ( = mixed Anglo-Celtics) who consider themselves closer to Celda)
- 32% Kilani ( = Irish)
- 8% Draddwyr / Alorian ( = Welsh; Aloria is our western neighbour)
- 4% Caldorian ( = Scottish)
- 30% Luthori / North Artanian ( = English; also includes Enlii ( = mixed Anglo-Celtics) who consider themselves closer to Luthori)
- 6% Gao-Showa ( = East Asian)
- 4% Kunihito ( = Japanese)
- 2% Sekowan ( = Ryukyuan)
- 5% Istalian ( = Italian)
- 3% Kazulian ( = Nordic)
- 3% Barmenian ( = Persian, Azeri, Turkish)
- 2% Kundrati (our southeastern neighbour)
- 2% Hutori ( = Canadian)
- 2% Endralonian ( = Hungarian, Croatian, Slovenian)
- 3% other, and/or very mixed, ethnicity.
None of these are Dundorfian ( = German); there are no Dundorfians in Kirlawa, with the very last very few of them now having moved either back to Dundorf or onward to Dorvik.
Kirlawa's religious scene is primarily a roughly equal, and peaceful, three-way mix of Hosian ( = Christian), Secular, and Pagan.
Kirlawan religion census of 4050:
- 37% Hosian ( = Christian)
- 21% Aurorian Church (the Holy Apostolic Hosian Church of Terra; = Catholic Church)
- 20% Selucian Rite ( = Roman Catholic Church)
- 1% other Rites
- 9% Bishopal ( = Anglican or Episcopalian)
- 3% Veritan / Almighty Path (an indigenous religious movement in Kirlawa, originating over a millennium and a half ago)
- 3% Society of Brethren ( = Quaker; founded in our neighbour Aloria)
- 1% other Hosian
- 33% Secular / no religion
- 25% Pagan (nature worship, etc.)
- 18% Nature worship
- 5% Felinism (Cult of the Sacred Feline; a cat-centred religious movement that had originated in Barmenia)
- 2% Celda ( = Celtic) paganism
- 4% Kamism ( = Shinto). Some also practise Daenism ( = Buddhism) alongside.
- 1% other religions
Luthori ( = English) is the lingua franca (or rather the "lingua anglica", sorry!) ;) of Kirlawa. Kilani ( = Irish Gaelic) is the most prevalent of the minority languages.
Nearly three-quarters of Kirlawans speak Luthori as their first language; and an overwhelming majority (99%) can speak it to at least some degree, as either a first, second, or third language.
Primary or first language of Kirlawans:
- 74% Luthori ( = English)
- 14% Kilani ( = Irish Gaelic)
- 4% Draddwyr / Alorian ( = Welsh)
- 2% Caldorian ( = Scottish Gaelic)
- 2% Istalian ( = Italian)
- 2% Kunikata ( = Japanese)
- 1% Brmék (a conlang, spoken in Barmenia; details are available at Barmenia's page at http://classic.particracy.net/viewbill.php?billid=365272 )
- 1% other languages
Kirlawa is a moderately thriving nation economically, generally considered a first-world country, although the economic strength has dropped somewhat since 2723. The richest areas are the coastal areas bordering the Lievenian Sea, with the nation as a whole enjoying a fairly high standard of living. Poverty is still considered low. Much of the poverty is in Uwakah Province where light industry and very little commerce frame their economy. Recent programs have been passed to help end poverty in Uwakah. Unemployment nationwide has remained low for over 85 years. The country has a government regulated stock market and 2 exchanges; the National Exchange and the Artanian Commodity Exchange or ACE-100. Both are located in Brase Lake.
Kirlawa exports slightly more than it imports, creating a trade surplus. Major exports include grain, fruits, electronics, and metals; while major imports include meat and oil. Nation has 5 ports in total with the largest being the Port of Cadoria. It ranks 5th in all of Artania in terms of cargo.
The nation is home to many businesses that provide goods and services to people around the world. The nation is home to such companies as: Neptune Inc., Artania Airlines Inc., Federation Bank, GlobalTech Sciences, X-1 Aerospace, Kirlawan Motors and many more. The nation is currently experiencing a tech sector boom that has brought many jobs to the nation over the past 5 years.
Grand National Armed Forces of Kirlawa
Kirlawa has mostly kept to itself in recent centuries, except for having signed cultural exchange and friendship agreements with several nations, both neighbouring and across Terra.
|History||First Civil War|
|Politics||Political parties - Taoiseach - Head of the Council - Senate - Governor of Dirlana - Governor of Dirguzia - Governor of Merkan - Governor of Nuchtmark - Governor of Uwakah - Leader of the Opposition - Supreme Court of Kirlawa - Chief Justice of Kirlawa|
|Demographics||Ethnic Groups: Celda |
Religion: Hosianism - Paganism
|Economy||Agriculture - Banking - Tourism|
|Nations of Artania|