Law enforcement in Istalia is an exclusive duty of the State, with policing centralized on a national level. It is generally provided by three national agencies with full powers, and by other national and local forces carrying out restricted and limited duties. The two main police forces in the country are State Police, the civil national police underneath the Ministry of the Interior, and the National Gendarmerie, underneath the Ministry of Defence. The third one is the Financial Police, a militarized police force responsible for dealing with financial crime, smuggling and illegal drug trade underneath the Ministry of Finance.
Alongside these agencies there are other ones at national and local level focused on specific duties or with jurisdiction on restricted areas and territories.
Law enforcement in Istalia is an exclusive function of the State and all of the national forces are under the overshight of the Ministry of Interior, with provincial division and jurisdiction managed on the local level under the authority of the Quaestor (the local head of police) in accord with the Prefect, the provincial representative of the Government. The highest office in charge of law enforcement is the multi-agency "Department of Public Security" (Istalian: Dipartimento della Pubblica Sicurezza).
Department of Public Security Edit
The Department of Public Security is a division of the Ministry of the Interior whose functions are the implementation of public order and security policy; technical-operational coordination of police forces; the management and administration of the State Police; the management of technical and logistic supports. The Department's tasks include also the the classification, analysis and evaluation of data for the protection of public order and security and for the prevention and repression of crime. At its summit is the Director General of Public Security.
In a different way from other countries, Istalia does not have multiple specialized agencies for immigration, drug offenses, patrolling etc, but each “area” is investigated by a dedicated section of each national agency. For example, the Highway Police Patrol (Istalian: Polizia Stradale) is a role within the State Police, with focus on patrolling the roads and various crimes committed on national and local roads. Therefore, crimes covering multiple "areas" do not need to be covered by multiple agencies.
However, there are some other national forces generally focused on specific and distinguished duties, like the Financial Police which is essentially responsible for dealing with financial crime and smuggling, or like the Penitentiary Police which is the national prison guard agency.
Border and Maritime patrolling are undertaken by the Financial Police and Coast Guard. Officers of the Coast Guard, who are members of the Istalian Navy, do not have the same range of powers as the State Police, National Gendarmerie or Financial Police, and they should be considered as a specialty of the Navy more than police officers. Nevertheless, they are in charge of policing and patrolling seaside regulations and laws, both beachside and on water.
On a town level the head of Public Safety is the Mayor. Municipal officers work on minor crimes on a local basis, from traffic offenses to small-time drug dealing and illegal camping. Each town or city has its own police department, usually called in Istalian "Polizia Municipale" (Municipal Police), but they have limited jurisdiction and duties. Local officers can check driving licenses, enforce municipal laws and ordinances and carry out investigations for robberies and minor offenses, but they cannot form a "riot squad" or interfere with homicide or general investigations by the Police or National Gendarmerie.
National Agencies Edit
The State Police (Istalian: Polizia di Stato) is the main police force of the country which is a nationwide, full-powered agency, with different divisions for each specialized area of interest. Along with patrolling, investigative and law enforcement duties, it patrols the Istalian express highway network, and oversees the security of railways, bridges, and waterways.
It is a civilian police force, while the National Gendarmerie and the Financial Police are military. While its internal organization and mindset are somewhat military, its personnel is composed of civilians. Its headquarters are in Romula, and there are Regional and Provincial divisions throughout the Italian territory.
This civilian agency is generally distributed from the medium to large cities up to the province capital, even though exceptions may exist with offices and/or stations in critical towns or in places of interest. The State Police also includes a number of bureaucratic duties around visas, passports, licenses, registration of tourists from hotels, and so on.
National Gendarmerie Edit
The National Gendarmerie is a Gendarmerie-like military corps with police duties. They also serve as the military police for the Istalian Armed Forces. Generally the National Gendarmerie is also in charge of investigation or intervention inside Public Administrations and personal right violation.
National Gendarmerie stations are usually distributed all over the country, with a station approximately in every municipality (or at least every range of 5 km), with additional stations in strategical positions in the motorways. Even though in cases of emergency both State Police or National Gendarmerie may be called upon or may intervene, the National Gendarmerie is more an investigation/law break control corps. Moreover in less-populated areas or areas far away from cities, usually the main force is National Gendarmerie.
Financial Police Edit
The Financial Police, (Istalian: Polizia Finanziaria) is a military corps under the authority of the Minister of Finance, with a role as a police force focused on financial crimes. The Corps is in charge of financial, economic, judiciary and public safety: tax evasion, financial crimes, smuggling, money laundering, international illegal drug trafficking, illegal immigration, copyright violations, anti-Mafia operations, credit card fraud, cybercrime, counterfeiting, terrorist financing and surveillance at sea for financial police purposes, but also customs and borders checks, maintaining public order, and safety, political and military defense of the Italian borders in case of need.
Penitentiary Police Edit
The Penitentiary Police operates the Italian prison system: it carries out the task of managing people subjected to provisions restricting or restricting personal freedom. The Corps guarantees the enforcement of provisions restricting personal freedom, guarantees public order and safeguards the security within penitentiary institutions, participates in the activities of observation and treatment of prisoners, their translation from penitentiary to penitentiary, in courtrooms for carrying out the processes and at external places of care, and in case of hospitalization it performs the service of piantonament.