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This article deals with the events of March 1st, 5061 in the Socialist Federal Republic of Mpakoala. If you want to view the Kyo government of 5063; please see this article. If you want to view the revolution that established the Kyolandese People's Democratic Republic; please see this article. If you want to view the revolution that reformed the KPDR into the KDR; please see this article.[]
Kyo Independence Movement
March First Movement.jpg
Painting Dramatizing the Events of March 5061
Date March 1st, 5061 - March 3rd, 5061
Location SFR Mpakoala
  • Uprising Suppressed
  • Start of the Black Terror
  • Militancy of the Kungmintang and the Sinmintang grows
Kyoland Taegukgi.png Protestors
  • Mpakoala.png MAKR
  • Kyo Mountain Flag.png UKIC
  • Kungmintang Flag 5061.png KMT
  • Sinmintang Flag.png SMT
Mpakoala.png Government
Kyo Mountain Flag.png Rhee Chae Myŏng
Kungmintang Flag 5061.png Yun Mu Hyŏn
Sinmintang Flag.png Kim Chŏng Hŭi
Mpakoala.png Ibeamaka Harouna
Casualties and losses
73 killed, 100+ wounded, 250+ arrested 3 policemen killed, 17 personnel wounded

The March First Movement was a social movement dedicated to Kyo independence that operated in the city of Bulkŭnbyŏl, then Jinppo, from March 1 5061 - March 3 5061. Although broken up after less than 3 days, the movement was monumental in the history of the Kyo Independence Movement and the history of North Dovani and Mpakoala in general for the political waves it generated and the subsequent Black Terror of the Harouna Regime. The riots generated are viewed as the catalyst for both the terror of 5061-5063 as well as the emboldening of Kyo nationalist elements and groups which culminated in the Kyo Commune of 5063.

Declaration of Independence[]

The activists formally declared the Independence of the Kyo People in an open declaration that reads as follows:

“WE Here assembled in the city of Jinppo this March 1, 5061, do indeed declare autonomy and independence from the Mpakoalan state. We reaffirm the right of the 8 western provinces to seek their unity, happiness, and independence from Mpakoala on the basis of all nations to exist. We do not intend to go against the right of the Degalogesan peoples; but rather to reason in a universal social conscious the necessity of Kyo indendence; for the union of our peoples was not a happy nor desirable affair. When the 8 western provinces are dominated in supermajority by our people; and the rest of the nation devoid of them, we consider this effective isolation of our provinces, and the creation of a nation within a nation. We are outnumbered and outmatched in every possible way by Degalogesans in the current system and structure of governance, unable to voice our opinions despite the very real and distinct needs of our culture in separation from the rest. We do not think it noble nor amicable to hold on to the illusions of political union when the 8 western provinces are significantly less developed and over-exploited. Degalogesan leaders long for a half millennium have treated our civilized people as barbarians in their own land; subjugating us to the rule of a new ruling class no different from the colonial masters of our forefathers. The task set before us is not to trivialize others but to build up our own strength. The immediate matters of consideration are not made with resentment towards Degalogesan peoples, but in the spirit of brotherhood to promote the everlasting peace and prosperity of North Dovani. The enslavement of 8 million resentful Kyo people by force for the imperialist purposes of subjugation is a most shameful display. We resolve here to end it today. We demand the following of the current regime:

- An END to the national subordination of the Kyo people

- RECOGNITION of the right of the Kyo people to self determination and co-operation with local authorities on a respectful basis

- HOLDING of a referendum in the eight Kyo provinces of Pyŏnganto, Ramkyŏngto, Kwanghaeto, Hyungkito, Hangwŏnto, Hyungsangto, Chungchŏngto, and Ch’ŏlrato over union into an independent Kyo political state

- LEGALIZATION of the political activities of all Kyo nationalist groups; in name the Sinmin and Kungmin Tang.

- JUSTICE for the murder of Gu Pŏm Sŏk and other compatriots in the struggle for independence

- DISSOLUTION of the current police apportionment system and the granting of rights of self-governance in all fields to the Jinppo city council

We consecrate these as our inalienable rights and steadfast political goals. With history, justice, and faith on our side, we resolutely resolve to complete these historical tasks that shall be surely realized.

March I, Year 5389 of the Kyo Nation (5061 CE)

The Declaration was not recognized by any sovereign nation at the time; but was nonetheless considered a founding document for later Kyo Independence leadership.

Flag Of Kyoland.png 교선민주주의공화국
Kyolandese Democratic Republic

Bulkŭnbyŏl (Capital)
Geography History Culture Economy Government
History GokyosonSakyo ConfederacyClan SystemNorth Dovanian Civil WarMarch First MovementKyo People's RevolutionCollapse of the People's Democratic Republic of KyolandTimeline of the History of Kyoland
Subdivisions Provinces: PyŏngantoRamkyŏngtoKwanghaetoHyŏngkitoHangwŏntoHyŏngsangtoChungchŏngtoCh’ŏlrato
Politics Ten ClansState Great Taehoe
Political Parties: KNP • DPK • IP • CP • PP • PRP • VTP • SDP
Demographics Religion: Sindogyo
Ethnicity: Kyo