The nation's name of Medina came from from the name given to the first port city in the region, Madinat es-Salaam, or the City of Peace. Eventually it was just known as Madinat, which was integrated into the local language as Madīnah. When Luthorians arrived, they as usual changed the spelling and pronunciation to "Medina", dropping the last consonant and adding an "e" sound in the middle. After thousands of years, the name of the nation is still a derivative of the word "city" in the Majatran language.
- Medina has had little pre-modern history. It is known that the original inhabitants of the peninsula were migratory hunter-gatherer groups, speaking unknown languages. In the middle ages, Medina was colonized by Zaqrami people from the continent of Vascania, who created several small kingdoms and city-states. Around the 15th century, these kingdoms entered trade relations with the Asli Sultanate, eventually adopting Ahmadism as a result of this trade. In 1526, the trading city of Madinat es-Salaam (city of peace in the Majatran language) became the center of a new polity, that managed to unify most of the peninsula under the Medinian Sultanate. As the nations of Dovani began establishing colonies on the continent in the 25th century, Medina was included the South-Eastern most part of the Sekowan Protected Territory. During this period there were some sporadic contacts between the Medina Sultanate and Sekowo, but no full contacts were made. After a series of colonial wars and independence movements, Medina stands nowadays as a weak economic power and a small military power. However, many people have plans to change that.
- Medina is located in the south of Dovani, and is one of the farthest south nations in the continent. It is at the end of the Medinian peninsula, and contains the end of the Southern Highlands. Medina can be divided into two regions, the southern and eastern part of the Southern Highlands, and the northern and western parts in the South Dovani Lowlands.
Similarly to the other South Dovani states, Medina is a young state, with little independent experience. Medina was the most authoritarian of all South Dovani states for almost 100 years, with there being no open opposition against the leadership upon threat of instant death, and a massive personality cult around the Head of State Sabithan Haffaz Chaudhari IX. Nowadays after the Medinian rebellion in 4769, the government has liberalized greatly into a direct and deliberative democratic Ahmadist republic.
The government of Medina takes place in the framework of a direct and deliberative democratic republic, guided by Zahiri Ahmadist ideals, whereby the Head of State, known as the Viceroy and Authority or Nāʼib-aur Iqtidār in Medini is symbolic but not powerless. The head of government is the President, or Sadr, who heads the Secretariats of Medina, or (Madinah ke Sikrtriz). The legislative of Medina is now streamlined and simple, after being complex and multifaceted which led many outsiders to question its efficiency. It was broken down into 3 elected bodies: the Assembly of Deliberation (Jalsa-ě Tadbīr) with 36 total members, where the actual deliberative part of "deliberative democracy" occurs; the Assembly of Advisory (Jalsa-ě Shūrā) with 680 members total, and the most first world-like voting body; and the Board of Experts (Hafl-ě Ćatur) with 90 members, who choose the Viceroy and Authority. Now, after the constitutional changes of 4785/4786, the Assembly of Advisory and Council of Ministers were removed, power was shifted around, and the nation is more transparent and democratic because of it.
Political parties are not too common- in fact, they're banned from the Board of Experts and discouraged in the Assembly of Deliberation. In the Board, the members are chosen based on merit and expertise, not political ideology, while in the Assembly of Deliberation, members typically join electoral lists of like minded candidates (usually smaller than political parties and only made up of candidates). In the Assembly of Advisory, on the other hand, political parties are about as common as most other world parliaments, taking up the mainstay of the body.
Political Parties of Medina (in the Assembly of Advisory)Edit
|Name in Medini||Name in Luthori||Ideology||Religious standing||Seats|
|ظاہیرینا جماعت مدینہ
Madīnah Jamāʻat Zahīriyya
|Medina Zahirist Order||Nationalism, Pan-Dovanism, Ahmadist Democracy||Zahirist||(367)|
|جمیعت علمائے احمدی
Jamiat Ulema-e Ahmadi
|Assembly of Ahmadi Clerics||Ahmadi fundamentalism, Conservatism, Nationalism||Zahirist|
|مدینہ پیپلز اشتراکی تحريکِ
Madīnah ki Pyplz Ishtiraaki Tehreek-e
|People's Socialist Movement of Medina||Democratic Socialism, Devolutionism||Secularism|
|Freedom Alliance||Western Democracy, Capitalism, Modernism, Internationalism||Secularism|
|Royal Movement||Monarchism, Conservatism||Abadism|
Administrative Divisions Edit
The administrative divisions of Medina, known as Prefectures or Districts in Luthorian, but are known as اِضلاعِ, or Azlaa in Medini, are Azirina, Kharunil, Lahirna, Sidania, and Zyrania. The five prefectures administrate the local economic and governmental powers via their own Departments, but are not federal nor have their own governments.
|Flag||Name in Luthorian||Name in Medini||Area||Population|