| Emperor of the Istalians|
Imperatore degli Istaliani
House of Appiano De Borromei
since 28 April 4827
|Style:||His Most Excellent Imperial Majesty|
|Heir apparent:||Grand Prince of the Crown Alessandro|
|First monarch:||Michele I|
The Monarchy of the Istalian Empire, is a constitutional, popular and hereditary monarchy whose incumbent is known as Emperor of the Istalians (Istalian: Imperatore degli Istaliani), title created for the first time for Michele I.
The monarch and their immediate family undertake various official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties. As the monarchy is constitutional, the monarch is forced to non-partisan functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the Prime Minister. To the Emperor, as per Constitution, is enthrusted the Guide in perpetuity of the Res Publica (intended as the nation, the state and the society) and the Supreme Guardiaship of the Constitutions and the Democratic Order and he is recognized as commander-in-chief of the Istalian Armed Forces. Though these proragative assures to the monarch important intervention powers in case of danger for the democratic and imperial order, these powers may only be used according to the provision of Law of the Imperial Constitution and shall be submitted to the approval of the national legislature and in agreement, obviusly, with the government.
The monarchy established in the form of the Istalian Empire in the second half of 46th century as form of government has been a real novelty for the contemporary history of Istalia where, excluding the foreign monarchical regimes, we must go back to the 20th century to find monarchy exclusively and truly istalian.
The title was created for the first time in 4571 when the last National Congress of the Fifth Istalian Republic approved a resolution to veste and honor Michele Appiano De Borromei as perpetual Guide of Istalia and to reform the republic into a monarchy called Istalian Empire.
|This article is part of a series on the|
|Government and politics|
of the Istalian Empire
|Constitution of the Istalian Empire|
|Emperor of the Istalians|
|Prime Minister of the Empire|
|Council of Ministers|
|Congress of the Istalian Empire|
|Senate of the Empire|
|Judiciary of Istalia|
|Political parties in Istalia|
|Elections in Istalia|
According to the Imperial Constitution the Monarch is the perpetual Guardianship of Istalia, Protector and Guarantor of the Constitutions. As Head of State the Emperor represents the Nation and he is the living symbol of its unity, he guaranteed its independence and territorial integrity, the respect of the International Treaties. The Monarch is designed as Supreme Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces.
The Monarch is defined into the Imperial Constitution as Protector and Guarantor also of the Values and Principles of the Istalian Democracy. Furthermore it is stated that the Monarch shall act to defend and protect the Democratic Order of the State and he is authorized to adopt all the necessary measures to persue this august duty respecting the Constitution, the Laws and the Rights of the Citizens. In case of emergence for the survival of the Democratic Institution, after approval by the Council of Ministers and the National Legislature, the Emperor is able to enact Imperial Decrees which must be confirmed within a year by the Legislature otherwise they decay.
It is also official duty of the Monarch to formally appoint the new Prime Minister and Ministers nomineed by the President of the National Assembly and approved by the National Assembly. The Monarch shall sign each law before its promulgation. The Emperor appoints, heards the Prime Minister, 5 judges of the Supreme Court. The Monarch, after having heard the Prime Minister, can dissolve the National Assembly. He can also propose to the Assembly a motion of no-confidence to dismiss the Prime Minister, one or more Ministers or the whole Government.
The Monarch may grant Titles of Nobility to those who have distinguished themselves and worked hard for the benefit of the Imperial Crown, for the Institutions and for the Democratic Principles and Values of Istalia. He may institute State Orders and Dynastic Orders as part of a national honours system. The Monarch is sovereign of all the dynastic, institutional and merit orders of the Istalian Empire.
Every constitutional and institutional act by the Monarch must be countersigned by the Prime Minister or by the competent Minister according to the subject dealt with.
As per Imperial Constitution, the Crown is hereditary in the direct, natural and legitimate descent of the Emperor by order of primogeniture. The heir is just presuntive, however, until that the Emperor officially appoints the heir with an official act within the High Imperial Council then trasmitted to the Prime Minister for information and to the National Assembly so to be transcribed in its archives. The Emperor, in fact, can chose sibling of another member of the Imperial Family to formally adopt him and designate him official heir.
In the absence of a natural and legitimate heir and of an adopted heir too, it is up to the National Assembly to appoints a new Emperor on proposal of the Imperial High Council and the choice shall be subjected to the acceptance of the people by referendum.
The Imperial Constitution provides also the figure of a Regent of the Empire in case of minority of the Emperor, describing the requirements, the powers and the appointment modalities.
Imperial Family and Imperial House
A distinction shall be made in the Istalia between the Imperial Family and the Imperial House or Dynasty.
In fact, the members of the Imperial Family are the most close relatives of the reigning Monarch and usually once ascended to the throne each Monarch isssues an Imperial Decree to indicate who are the members of the Family and who the ones of the Imperial House which is then trasmitted to the National Assembly to be trascribed into its archive. The members of the Imperial Family usually are by right members of the by the High Imperial Council.
The Imperial Family usually comprises:
- the monarch (Emperor or Empress) as Head of the Imperial Family and Imperial House;
- the members of the Imperial House in the line of succession to the Istalian Imperial throne but limited to two degrees of kinship from the current monarch (first degree are parents and siblings and second degree are brothers/sisters and their siblings);
- the heir to the throne;
- the former monarch (in case of abdication);
- the spouses of the above;
- the widows and widowers of the above, provided that they do not remarry, and that their spouses would still qualify if they were still alive today.
Usually, however, the closer relatives of previous reigning Monarchs have been often reconfirmed as members of the Imperial Family, being usually aged, as form of respect and also to have senior members of the dynasty within the High Council.
All the members of the Imperial Family, except the former Monarchs, the spouse of the Imperial Family's members, the windows and widowers, are legitimate heir to the throne who can be chosen as heir.
The Imperial House, instead, is in general the whole House of Appiano De Borromei, considered as Imperial Dynasty, and consists of previous members of the Imperial Family plus all their siblings and other legitimate descendants of previous Emperor. Also the members of the Imperial House can be legitime heir to the throne, unless otherwise stated by the Emperor, but to do so, unlike the members of the Imperial Family, the decision should be approved by the Emperor, the Imperial High Council and furthermore it is requested an act of the legislature to confirm the decisions.
As per Imperial Decree of 4574 the siblings of Imperial Princes part of the Imperial House inherit the title of "Prince" entering the Imperial Paria of Istalia with the treatment of "Serene Highness" (HSH) but then, once left the parental house or once married, they are not anymore considered as members of the House.
The first Imperial Family indicated, and then ratified by the legislature, coincided perfectly with the Imperial House, but the Imperial Constitution specified that the brothers of Michele I were not elegible as heir and that only their children could be adopted and appointed as heir by Michele. A provision whose application has affected only the brothers of the first emperor.
Monarchs of the Istalian Empire
The official residence and administrative headquarters of the Empress of the Istalians in Romula is Quattroregni Palace (istalian: Palazzo Quattroregni), located in the historic center of Istalian capital.
The Emperor is provided also of two another Imperial Estate: Borromesi's Castle (Italian: Castello dei Borromesi), in the municipality of Rocca Bassa in Sarregna, and The Hunting Residence of Terracche Lakes (Istalian: Palazzina di Caccia dei Laghi di Terracche), on the shores of the Firmamento Lake, in Trivendito.
Appiano De Borromei family maintained as private and personal properties all the previous family's properties and estates, and among them there is an historical princely palace in Romula, the Appiano Palace, owned by the Appiano family for centuries.
The full Imperial Title of the first Emperor as stated in the Imperial Constitution was: His Most Excellent Imperial Majesty, Michele I, by the Will of the Nation and Unanimous Acclamation of the People, Costitutional Emperor of the Istalians, Perpetual Defender of Istalia, Protector and Guarantor of the Constitution and the Democratic Values, Supreme Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces of Istalia, Pater Patriae.
His successor, instead, assumed the Throne as His Most Excellent Imperial Majesty, Nicola I, by the Will of the Nation and the Constitution of the Empire, Emperor of the Istalians, Protector and Guarantor of the Constitution, Defender of the Democratic Values, Supreme Commander of the Imperial Armed Forces of Istalia. The title adopted by Nicola I has been used by all his successors.
The Emperor or Empress is styled formally as Most Excellent Imperial Majesty, but usually he or she is just styled as His/Her Majesty the Emperor/Empressand His/Her Imperial Majesty.
In a conversation with the Emperor/Empress the common practice is to approach and styling him as Your Majesty.
The Monarch uses as his personal Coat of Arms the same of the Istalian Empire.
The Monarch's official flag is the Imperial Standard, which depicts the Arms of the Emperor in banner form. It is flown only from buildings, vessels and vehicles in which the sovereign is present.
Previous monarchical experiences
Emirate of Quanzar
Hessexian monarchical regimes
Istalia, for most part of its contemporary history, has been a democratic republic, however, it experienced also three monarchical periods which, however, are not considered to be veritable Istalian Monarchies, having been, in fact, monarchist regimes not at all democratic and all three forcibly established in Istalia by the Solentian "Hessexian" dynasty, a branch of the House of Kansar which, in turn, was an Artanianized and Hosianized cadet branch of the Quanzarian Great Emirs. During this periods Istalia itself was renamed as Quanzar, like under the Emirate.
The Kingdom of Istalia
However, Istalia actually had an ethnic monarchy, the Kingdom of Istalia, established by the selucian-nicomese dynasty of Nacosia, which although didn't extend on whole Istalia but just on the island of Alaria, being at the time the mainland under the dominion of the Empire and then the Emirate of Quanzar, which was the one which conquered and annexed the Istalian kingdom in 1958. The Kingdom assumed the name of Istalia in 1772 as a sort of defiance against the Empire of Quanzar dening the foreign ahmadi domination on the mainland and claiming sovereignty all over the lands of the Istalians. Previously it was known as Kingdom of Nicoma or of Estalia, the selucian-alarian name from which descends the current name of the nation and which was still used in 17th century mainly to identify just the island of Alaria.