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National Assembly of the Istalian Empire

Assemblea Nazionale dell'Impero Istaliano
57th
Seal of the National Assembly of the Istalian Empire
Seal of the National Assembly
Type
Type
History
Founded 9, 4571 (4571-01-09)
Preceded byNational Congress of the Istalian Republic
Leadership
Carlo Pantani, OFF
since 4780
Leader of the Majority
?, ?
since 4780
?, ?
since 4780
Structure
Seats681
4780 Istalian Elections
Political groups
      OFF (234)
      PLN (153)
      BdS (205)
     FP (79)
     LA (10)
Length of term
48 months
Elections
Proportional system
Last election
January 4780
Meeting place
Chamber of Deputies Aula (Istalia)
National Assembly Chamber
Palace of the Res Publica
Romula
Istalian Empire
Website
www.assembleanazionaledistalia.gov.ist
Constitution
Imperial Constitution of Istalia
Amendement to the Imperial Constitution: Title I,Article 5.
Amendement 4740 to the Constitutional Law on the President of the National Assembly and Regional Governors
The National Assembly of the Istalian Empire (Istalian: Assemblea Nazionale dell'Impero Istaliano), often simply called National Assembly or just "The Assembly", is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of the Istalian Empire. It consist of a 681 member usually called Deputati (Luthorian: Deputies).

Together with the upper house, the Senate of the Empire (istalian: Senato dell'Impero Istaliano), as mentioned it forms the Istalian legislature, the Congress of the Istalian Empire. Due to the fact that the National Assembly retains most part of the legislative powers, being the the Istalian Parliament an imperfect bicameral system, it has a preminence role into the Istalian political system.


History Edit

The Assembly succeeded to the National Congress of the Fifth Istalian Republic as unicameral legislature of Istalia when the Istalian Empire was founded in 4571. The first term of the National Assembly followed the third and last one of the Congress.
During the development of the Imperial reform, it was discussed the maintainment of the unicameral system adopted by the Fifth Republic or the reintroduction of a second chamber to balance the sostantially increased importance of the National Assembly, and thought by the most fanaticals of the imperial reform also as an upper chamber in support of the Imperial Authority. These proposal were abandoned due to the opposition of most part of the other political forces and it was approved an unicameral parliamentary system.
After almost two hundred years, however, in the light of the increased responsabilities devolved to the regions and feeling the need of a second house to give adeguate representation to the local instances, in 4747 a Constitutional Law was approved in order to turn the legislature into an imperfect bicameralismit with the creation of an upper house, the Senate. The new framework of the reformed parliament was drafted on the example of the bicameral Parliament of the Fourth Istalian Republic.


Powers Edit

The Assembly, since 4575 elections, is a 681-members house and it is the only government body which can approve the laws, the budget laws, the treaties and which can declared war. However, for the laws interesting selectioned matters, issues related to the subnational divisions and for the Constitutional laws, it is required a vote also by part of the Senate.
The National Assembly, furthermore, shall elect and approve through a vote of confidence the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, which the Head of State shall then appoint. The Assembly can proceed with a motion of no-confidence through both a costructive or destructive vote of no-confidence against the Prime Minister and the whole cabinet or single Ministers.

Election Edit

The members of the National Assembly are elected through a proportional system by voluntary, universal, direct suffrage by all citizens of age (18) on election day. The territory of Istalia is divided into 5 large constituencies, corresponding to the 5 Regions of Istalia.
The current electoral system provides a proportional algorithm that gives a very small advantage to larger regions. The seats are then allocated on a proportional representation basis per region via the D'Hondt method.
The electoral system forecast the correction given by an electoral law coming from the time of the Fourth Republic, never sostantially modified, called "Honoris Electoral Law", which allows and promotes the formation of pre-electoral coalition for the parties, especially those which support a common candidate to the role of Head of Government, a system which tendiencially could promote increased coalition responsability and thus stable majority governments.

Istalian Empire
Coat of Arms of the Istalian Empire
This article is part of a series on the
Government and politics
of the Istalian Empire
Constitution of the Istalian Empire
Emperor of the Istalians
Prime Minister of the Empire
Council of Ministers
Congress of the Istalian Empire
Senate of the Empire
National Assembly
Judiciary of Istalia
Political parties in Istalia
Elections in Istalia

Officers Edit

President of the National Assembly Edit

He is the speaker of the National Assembly, it is the second-highest ranking office of the Italian Empire, after the Emperor. The main function of the president is to ensure that the National Assembly functions correctly, to guarantee the application of the Assembly's rules of procedure, and oversee the proper functioning of its administrative apparatus. The president judges the admissibility of evidence, maintains order and directs the discussion. The task of directing sessions of the Assembly belongs to the President and to accomplish this he can undertake disciplinary actions like: calling a deputy to order, ordering a deputy to leave the Assembly, and in serious cases, censuring a deputy and suspending them from the Assembly for two to fifteen days.

The President of the National Assembly second most important duty, consist in consulting the political forces of the National Assembly to determine to whom enthrust the duty to form a new Government after each elections.

Finally, the President of the National Assembly must also be consulted by the Emperor before the dissolution of the legislature.

Election Edit

The President of the National Assembly is elected at the beginning of the legislature for the duration of the term. The first sitting is chaired by the oldest member of the Assembly who organizes the election of the President from among the deputies. The election is made by secret ballot at the tribune of the hemicycle. To be elected, an MP must have an absolute majority in the first two rounds, or a relative majority in the third. If there is still a tie, the oldest candidate is elected.

Vice-President Edit

The President of the National Assembly appoints one or more Vice-Presidents of the National Assembly who collaborate with the President and replace him in case of absence by presiding over the meetings of the Assembly. The President, although he has the sole power and authority whether to appoint any Vice President and to dismiss him, or them, at any time, as per gentle parliamentary convention the Vice-President of the National Assembly is appointed among the Assembly's members belonging to the opposition after consultation with its leader, or leaders. Usually are appointed more than a vice president in case of more opposition parties, however, if there are already three vice president from the opposition, a fourth is appointed among the majority parties.

Membership Edit

The current membership of the National Assembly after the latest political election of 18 January 4780:

Membership of the National Assembly (4780)
Coalition Party Ideology Status Seats Seats Coalition
Ordine, Fede e Famiglia Far-right TBD
234 / 681
Blocco della Sinistra Left TBD
205 / 681
Partito Liberale Nazionale Center TBD
153 / 681
Fazione Populista Big-tent TBD
79 / 681
L'Alleanza Center-right TBD
10 / 681
Government seats into the National Assembly (4769) Previous Term
Government
438 / 681
Opposition
243 / 681

Electoral Records of the National Assembly Edit

       See: Electoral results history of the Istalian Empire

Term of office Chamber
4571 4575
635
4575 4580
413 268
4580 4584
349 332
4584 4586
238 266 177
4586 4590
533 148
4590 4594
528 153
4594 4598
535 146
4598 4602
110 266 83 222
4602 4606
395 67 219
4606 4610
96 305 58 125 97
4610 4614
203 258 75 145
4614 4618
55 117 202 140 167
4618 4621
111 91 141 90 129 119
4621 4625
145 97 23 90 129 117 80
4625 4629
83 76 64 120 95 68 107 68
4629 4631
90 105 61 53 129 102 141
4631 4635
129 115 75 84 138 140
4635 4639
55 92 68 120 2 105 129 110
4639 4642
56 97 63 89 118 130 128
4642 4646
71 98 65 94 173 180
4646 4650
62 98 63 145 168 145
4650 4654
64 114 103 64 212 124
4654 4658
71 55 84 108 246 117
4658 4662
106 121 152 118 44 140
4662 4666
101 130 155 105 68 122
4666 4670
118 97 56 78 33 164 135
4670 4674
138 108 100 25 177 133
4674 4678
155 118 108 46 111 143
4678 4680
135 215 141 61 129
4680 4684
196 214 57 214
4684 4688
187 144 34 44 100 172
4688 4692
92 75 36 80 42 40 162 154
4692 4696
144 135 51 37 59 109 146
4696 4699
147 126 54 70 63 50 74 97
4699 4703
92 90 85 40 90 108 57 119
4703 4705
116 123 39 74 55 78 97 99
4705 4709
149 120 28 74 93 112 105
4709 4712
118 92 67 45 66 111 131 51
4712 4716
86 92 73 51 43 254 82
4716 4720
109 107 108 61 144 152
4720 4724
88 156 43 41 111 103 51 88
4724 4727
103 103 97 74 107 94 41 62
4727 4730
119 159 114 77 108 54 50
4730 4734
176 117 85 131 35 137
4734 4735
194 129 125 81 152
4735 4739
265 165 98 153
4739 4743
180 81 178 89 153
4743 4747
202 169 48 71 88 202
4747 4749
119 78 88 62 112 137 85
4749 4753
170 118 123 128 142
4753 4757
143 133 125 85 195
4757 4761
213 159 123 73 113
4761 4765
182 183 112 93 111
4765 4769
136 152 79 127 187
4769 4773
87 125 66 84 36 283
4773 4777
73 106 84 57 91 111 192
4777 4780
132 111 55 167 25 191
4780
205 79 153 10 234

Location Edit

Since its creation in 4571, the National Assembly met in the Palace of the Res Publica, in Romula, in the larger of the two halls housed into the Palace, where also the National Congress of the Fifth Republic and the Chamber of Deputies of the previous Fourth Republic previously met.
The Palace was built at the beginning of 43th under at the time Fourth Republic when the previous parliamentary location was judged in critic condition and in need of serious restructuring. The Republic took instead the decision to buil a totally newly building also to bring back together the two Houses, which previously had different meeting places. The new Palace became an iconic building in the landscape of Romula and of the politic culture of the country.

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