The National Assembly of the Istalian Empire (Istalian: Assemblea Nazionale dell'Impero Istaliano), often simply called National Assembly or just "The Assembly", is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of the Istalian Empire. It consist of a 681 member usually called Deputati (Luthorian: Deputies).
Together with the upper house, the Senate of the Empire (istalian: Senato dell'Impero Istaliano), as mentioned it forms the Istalian legislature, the Congress of the Istalian Empire. Due to the fact that the National Assembly retains most part of the legislative powers, being the the Istalian Parliament an imperfect bicameral system, it has a preminence role into the Istalian political system.
The Assembly succeeded to the National Congress of the Fifth Istalian Republic as unicameral legislature of Istalia when the Istalian Empire was founded in 4571. The first term of the National Assembly followed the third and last one of the Congress. During the development of the Imperial reform, it was discussed the maintainment of the unicameral system adopted by the Fifth Republic or the reintroduction of a second chamber to balance the sostantially increased importance of the National Assembly, and thought by the most fanaticals of the imperial reform also as an upper chamber in support of the Imperial Authority. These proposal were abandoned due to the opposition of most part of the other political forces and it was approved an unicameral parliamentary system. After almost two hundred years, however, in the light of the increased responsabilities devolved to the regions and feeling the need of a second house to give adeguate representation to the local instances, in 4747 a Constitutional Law was approved in order to turn the legislature into an imperfect bicameralismit with the creation of an upper house, the Senate. The new framework of the reformed parliament was drafted on the example of the bicameral Parliament of the Fourth Istalian Republic.
The Assembly, since 4575 elections, is a 681-members house and it is the only government body which can approve the laws, the budget laws, the treaties and which can declared war. However, for the laws interesting selectioned matters, issues related to the subnational divisions and for the Constitutional laws, it is required a vote also by part of the Senate. The National Assembly, furthermore, shall elect and approve through a vote of confidence the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, which the Head of State shall then appoint. The Assembly can proceed with a motion of no-confidence through both a costructive or destructive vote of no-confidence against the Prime Minister and the whole cabinet or single Ministers.
The members of the National Assembly are elected through a proportional system by voluntary, universal, direct suffrage by all citizens of age (18) on election day. The territory of Istalia is divided into 5 large constituencies, corresponding to the 5 Regions of Istalia. The current electoral system provides a proportional algorithm that gives a very small advantage to larger regions. The seats are then allocated on a proportional representation basis per region via the D'Hondt method. The electoral system forecast the correction given by an electoral law coming from the time of the Fourth Republic, never sostantially modified, called "Honoris Electoral Law", which allows and promotes the formation of pre-electoral coalition for the parties, especially those which support a common candidate to the role of Head of Government, a system which tendiencially could promote increased coalition responsability and thus stable majority governments.
He is the speaker of the National Assembly, it is the second-highest ranking office of the Italian Empire, after the Emperor. The main function of the president is to ensure that the National Assembly functions correctly, to guarantee the application of the Assembly's rules of procedure, and oversee the proper functioning of its administrative apparatus. The president judges the admissibility of evidence, maintains order and directs the discussion. The task of directing sessions of the Assembly belongs to the President and to accomplish this he can undertake disciplinary actions like: calling a deputy to order, ordering a deputy to leave the Assembly, and in serious cases, censuring a deputy and suspending them from the Assembly for two to fifteen days.
The President of the National Assembly second most important duty, consist in consulting the political forces of the National Assembly to determine to whom enthrust the duty to form a new Government after each elections.
Finally, the President of the National Assembly must also be consulted by the Emperor before the dissolution of the legislature.
The President of the National Assembly is elected at the beginning of the legislature for the duration of the term. The first sitting is chaired by the oldest member of the Assembly who organizes the election of the President from among the deputies. The election is made by secret ballot at the tribune of the hemicycle. To be elected, an MP must have an absolute majority in the first two rounds, or a relative majority in the third. If there is still a tie, the oldest candidate is elected.
The President of the National Assembly appoints one or more Vice-Presidents of the National Assembly who collaborate with the President and replace him in case of absence by presiding over the meetings of the Assembly. The President, although he has the sole power and authority whether to appoint any Vice President and to dismiss him, or them, at any time, as per gentle parliamentary convention the Vice-President of the National Assembly is appointed among the Assembly's members belonging to the opposition after consultation with its leader, or leaders. Usually are appointed more than a vice president in case of more opposition parties, however, if there are already three vice president from the opposition, a fourth is appointed among the majority parties.
Since its creation in 4571, the National Assembly met in the Palace of the Res Publica, in Romula, in the larger of the two halls housed into the Palace, where also the National Congress of the Fifth Republic and the Chamber of Deputies of the previous Fourth Republic previously met. The Palace was built at the beginning of 43th under at the time Fourth Republic when the previous parliamentary location was judged in critic condition and in need of serious restructuring. The Republic took instead the decision to buil a totally newly building also to bring back together the two Houses, which previously had different meeting places. The new Palace became an iconic building in the landscape of Romula and of the politic culture of the country.