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National Assembly of the Istalian Empire
Assemblea Nazionale dell'Impero Istaliano
19th Legislature
Seal of the National Assembly of the Istalian Empire
Type
TypeUnicameral
Leadership
President of the National Assembly?, PNC
since 4642
Leader of the Majority?, PNC
since 4642
Leader of the Opposition?, FR
since 4642
Structure
Members681
200px
Political groups
Election
Voting systemProportional system
Last electionApril 4642
Meeting place
Palace of the Republic (Romula)
Palace of the Republic
Romula, Istalia
Web site
www.assembleanazionaledistalia.gov.ist
The National Assembly of the Istalian Empire (Istalian: Assemblea Nazionale dell'Impero Istaliano), often simply called The National Assembly or only The Assembly, is the national legislative body of the Istalian Empire. It is a 681-member unicameral legislature. Its members are usually called Deputati (Luthorian: Deputies).


History Edit

The Assembly was created in 4571 with the foundation of the Istalian Empire and it's the successor of the previous republican National Congress. The first term of the National Assembly followed the third one of the Congress.
During the development of the Imperial reform, it was discussed if maintain the unicameral system adopted by the Fifth Republic or if reintroduce a second chamber, an Imperial Senate, to balance the sostantially increased importance of the National Assembly, thought by the most fanatic of the imperial reform also as an upper chamber in support of the Imperial Authority. These proposal were abandoned due to the opposition of most part of the other political forces and it was approved an unicameral parliamentary system.


Powers Edit

The Assembly since 4575 elections has 681 seats and is elected with a pure proportional system based on five costituencies which perfectly correspond to the five istalian regions. The Assembly is the only government body which can approve the laws, the budget laws, the treaties and which can declared war.
The Congress, furthermore, shall elect and approve through a vote of confidence the Head of Government and Cabinet which the Head of State shall then appoint; the Assembly can proceed with a motion of no-confidence through both a costructive or destructive vote of no-confidence against the Prime Minister and the whole cabinet or single Ministers.
The electoral system forecast the correction given by an electoral law never abolished, Electoral Law called "Honoris Electoral Law", which allows and promotes the formation of pre-electoral coalition for the parties, especially those which support a common candidate to the role of Head of Government, a system which introduces majoritarian tendencies and a strong coalition responsibility which forces to a greater stability.

Istalian Empire
Coat of Arms of the Istalian Empire
This article is part of a series on the
Politics and Government
of the Istalian Empire

Emperor of the Istalians

Prime Minister of the Empire
Council of Ministers
National Assembly
of the Istalian Empire
Judiciary of Istalia
Political parties in Istalia
Elections in Istalia

Officers Edit

President of the National Assembly Edit

He is the speaker of the National Assembly, it is the second-highest ranking office of the Italian Empire, after the Emperor. The main function of the president is to ensure that the National Assembly functions correctly, to guarantee the application of the Assembly's rules of procedure, and oversee the proper functioning of its administrative apparatus. The president judges the admissibility of evidence, maintains order and directs the discussion. The task of directing sessions of the Assembly belongs to the President and to accomplish this he can undertake disciplinary actions like: calling a deputy to order, ordering a deputy to leave the Assembly, and in serious cases, censuring a deputy and suspending them from the Assembly for two to fifteen days.

The President of the National Assembly second most important duty, consist in consulting the political forces of the National Assembly to determine to whom enthrust the duty to form a new Government after each elections.

Finally, the President of the National Assembly must also be consulted by the Emperor before the dissolution of the legislature.

Election Edit

The President of the National Assembly is elected at the beginning of the legislature for the duration of the term. The first sitting is chaired by the oldest member of the Assembly who organizes the election of the President from among the deputies. The election is made by secret ballot at the tribune of the hemicycle. To be elected, an MP must have an absolute majority in the first two rounds, or a relative majority in the third. If there is still a tie, the oldest candidate is elected.

Vice-President Edit

The President of the National Assembly appoints one or more Vice-Presidents of the National Assembly who collaborate with the President and replace him in case of absence by presiding over the meetings of the Assembly. The President, although he has the sole power and authority whether to appoint any Vice President and to dismiss him, or them, at any time, as per gentle parliamentary convention the Vice-President of the National Assembly is appointed among the Assembly's members belonging to the opposition after consultation with its leader, or leaders. Usually are appointed more than a vice president in case of more opposition parties, however, if there are already three vice president from the opposition, a fourth is appointed among the majority parties.

Membership Edit

The current membership of the National Assembly after the latest political election of 12 May 4642:

Membership of the National Assembly (4642)
Coalition Party Ideology Status Seats Seats Coalition
Partito Conservatore Nazionale Center-right Government
180 / 681
Alleanza Nazionale per l'Impero Center-right Government
173 / 681
Fronte Rinascente Left Opposition
98 / 681
Socialisti & Democratici Center-left Opposition
94 / 681
Blocco della Sinistra Left Opposition
71 / 681
Verità e Libertà Left Opposition
65 / 681
Government seats into the National Assembly (4642) Previous Term
Government
374 / 681
Opposition
307 / 681

Electoral Records of the National Assembly Edit

       See: Electoral results history of the Istalian Empire

Term of office Chamber
4571 4575
520 115
4575 4580
413 268
4580 4584
349 332
4584 4586
238 266 177
4586 4590
533 148
4590 4594
528 153
4594 4598
535 146
4598 4602
110 266 83 222
4602 4606
395 67 219
4606 4610
96 305 58 125 97
4610 4614
203 258 75 145
4614 4618
55 117 202 140 167
4618 4621
111 91 141 90 129 119
4621 4625
145 97 23 90 129 117 80
4625 4629
83 76 64 120 95 68 107 68
4629 4631
90 105 61 53 129 102 141
4631 4635
129 115 75 84 138 140
4635 4639
55 92 68 120 2 105 129 110
4639 4642
56 97 63 89 118 130 128
4642 4646
71 98 65 94 173 180
4646
62 98 63 145 168 145

Location Edit

Since its creation in 4571, the National Assembly met in the Palace of the Republic, in Romula, in the larger of the two chambers housed by the Palace, where also the National Congress of the Fifth Republic and the Chamber of Deputies of the previous Fourth Republic met.
The Palace was built at the beginning of 43th under at the time Fourth Republic when the previous parliamentary location was judged in critic condition and in need of serious restructuring. The Republic took instead the decision to buil a totally newly building also to bring back together the two Houses, which previously had different meeting places. The new Palace became an iconinic building in the landscape of Romula and of the politic culture of the country.

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