|Supreme Court of Cobura|
|የኩቦራ ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት|
|Supera Kortumo de Kobura|
|Ⲥⲩⲡⲉⲣⲁ Ⲕⲟⲣⲧⲩⲙⲟ ⲇⲉ Ⲕⲟⲃⲩⲣⲁ|
|Preceding agency||Royal High Court of Cobura|
|Superseding agency||Ministry of Justice of Cobura|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Cobura|
|Annual budget||200,000,000 COB|
|Minister responsible||Minister of Justice of Cobura|
|Agency executive||Chief Justice of the Supreme Court|
The Supreme Court of Cobura is the highest judicial power in the United Governorates of Cobura. It alone undertakes the judicial control in respect of the constitutionality of the laws and regulations and shall undertake the interpretation of the legislative texts in the manner prescribed by law. In addition, the court is empowered to settle competence disputes between the judicial and the administrative courts.
The Supreme Court consists of 9 Judges, of which eight are normal Justices of the Supreme Court and one is the foreman of the court, titled Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
The establishment of the Supreme Court goes back to the argument which was raised over the right of courts or any judicial bodies to pronounce on the constitutionality of the laws issued by the Legislative power. Such a judicial argument has been advocated in arguing that considering the issue of the constitutionality of laws is included in the competence of the courts. Therefore, it does not prejudice in any way the principle of separation of powers. The argument of such a party was, however, based on a basic assertion that discussing this issue is but a sheer legal act as the core and crux of this matter is represented in interpreting the laws which were appealed against as unconstitutional, a matter of a legal nature in the first place. Indeed, the Coburan legislator adopted this approach when the court was established in the constitutional reforms of 4317 and was then called the Royal High Court entrusted to censoring the laws' constitutionality.
The establishment of the Court has not been stipulated in the body of the Coburan Constitution in 4317. Judges are appointed for life by the Prime Minister. The Court is an independent judicial authority whose headquarters is in Sharba. The SCC is alone responsible for censoring the constitutionality of the laws and regulations and it assumes interpreting legislative texts. The competences of this court are as follows:
- To censor the constitutionality of the laws and regulations.
- To decide on the disputes over the competent authority among the judicial bodies or authorities of judicial competence.
- To decide on the disputes that might take place as to carrying out two final contradictory rulings where one of the aforementioned rulings has been issued by one of the judicial body and the other by another body of judicial competence.
- The SCC alone has the power to interpret the laws issued by the Legislative Authority and the decrees issued by the Head of the Government in case of any divergence as regards their implementation.
The SCC can, in all cases, judge on the unconstitutionality of any provision in a law or a regulation being presented to it when assuming its competences and connected to the dispute presented before it.
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was the head of the General Election Commission that supervised and ran the country's turbulent multi-candidate elections in 4398.