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The Supreme Court of the Empire of Lourenne is the highest judicial body in the Empire of Lourenne. It was created by the Senate in October of 2472, although President Stefan Tepeu's nominations for the first three vacant seats weren't confirmed by the Senate until June of 2473, meaning that the court was empty until that time. Its powers and current members are listed below.

The Supreme Court remains in effect today, it was established during the Free Republic era of Lourenne and the President would recommend Justices to the Senate. Now, the Head of Government recommends appointments to the Parlement.

The 5 Associate Justices elect a Justice of the Supreme Court from amongst them, to lead to the Court.

Justices of the CourtEdit

See also: Justice of the Supreme Court and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court

Name Political Affiliation Appointed Appointed By
Associate Justice Michele Rafernik Parti Conservateur Royaliste 1st December 3068 Elad Cirith
Associate Justice Paula Cestiri Parti Conservateur Royaliste 1st December 3068 Elad Cirith
Justice Henri Buble Parti Conservateur Royaliste 1st December 3068 Elad Cirith
Associate Justice David Sthamer Parti Conservateur Royaliste 1st December 3068 Elad Cirith
Associate Justice Lauren Fiska Parti Conservateur Royaliste 1st December 3068 Elad Cirith

Previous MembersEdit

Name
Associate Justice Innocence Gonnabaughton
Associate Justice Olivia Wilson
Associate Justice Steve Rain
Associate Justice Wayne Dillings
Associate Justice B. Bendtsen

Structure of the CourtEdit

1. The Supreme Court is composed of five Justices*, who serve for a period of twenty-five (25) years after appointment, or until retirement.

2. An individual may become a justice only through being appointed by the Head of Government and confirmed by a simple majority of the Parliament. A justice cannot be removed from office unless he or she decides to retire. Appointments shall be made immediately upon formation of the court, and thereafter shall be made immediately upon retirement of a justice, in which case only the retiring justice or justices are replaced.

* In the 2491, the Democrats passed a law to install two more justices in the court, making a total of 5.

Function of the CourtEdit

3. The Supreme Court shall decide the interpretation of the law. Ambiguous laws may be submitted to the Supreme Court for a ruling. If a majority of justices decide to hear the case, the Supreme Court will rule on the matter. The President, ministers, members of the Parliament, and representatives of the same may argue before the Supreme Court to influence the decision. A majority of justices must agree for a ruling to take effect, and justices may abstain from decisions. Legal questions submitted to the Supreme Court in this manner must follow a "yes or no" or "either/or" format.

4. The Supreme Court shall hear criminal cases in the same manner. The defendant must appeal to the Supreme Court, and the court must agree to hear the case, as in 3. The Minister of Justice will appoint a prosecutor to argue before the court, and the court shall hear both sides and rule on the matter.

5. The Supreme Court's decision is final and binding on all of Lourenne until the law itself is changed by the Parlement, or until the matter is again submitted to, accepted by, and ruled on by the Supreme Court.

Restrictions on the CourtEdit

6. The Supreme Court has no further powers, such as inquisitorial powers or the establishment of common law. The court may not reverse laws passed by the Parlement, block executive actions, or rule on any matter without it first being submitted for review by a third party.

7. Rulings are to be made at least eight months after the start of the hearing, to allow adequate time for both sides to make their arguments, although a justice can make his or her vote known ahead of time, in which case that is assumed to be his or her official vote upon the conclusion of the eight month period, unless he or she changes or rescinds his or her vote before the end of the eight-month period. The Supreme Court may hear multiple cases at once.

Supreme Court DecisionsEdit

[SC001/2481] Mattimeo v. Fasttrack Rail - Case dismissed: 3/3. [1]

[SC002/2504] The Free Republic of Lourenne v. Costabello - Currently in session. [2]

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