Tukarali, officially the Serene Kingdom of Tukarali (Tukarese: Reino Sereno do Tukarali), is a country located in northern Seleya. It is bordered by Valruzia and Baltusia to the north, Aldegar to the south and Gaduridos to the east. Tukarali is the second largest nation on Terra.
The earliest records of a Tukarese state date to the 7th century BCE, with the Satrapy of Tokharya-e, an administrative unit of the Kemokian Empire. When Kemoku collapsed in 465 BCE the ancient Tukarese tribes gained independence as a loose confederation of tribes. From the 3rd century CE through the 18th century, control of the area of modern day Tukarali would shift between multiple empires, most significantly the Mu-Tze Khanate from 218 to 719 and the Rostamid Empire from 719 to 1512. Tukarali would gain sustained independence in the 18th century with the establishment of the United Tribes of Tukarali, a tribal confederation of the Mu-Tze and other indigenous tribes. This confederation existed until 2786, at which time Ryan Malagar rose to power and oversaw sweeping initiatives to modernize Tukarali, establish a universal language, and strengthen a centralized government. Tukarali after 2786 generally remained constitutionally republican although influential monarchies were thrice established. The most recent republic, the Democratic Republic of Tukarali, existed for just over 1,600 years until the enactment of the current constitution was enacted on 15 June 4969.
Tukarali is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, with Queen Rosalina as head of state and High Consul Jónatas Castelo as head of government. It is a middle income country with a fast growing economy. Tukarali is a member of the World Congress, Seleyan Union, Seleyan Free Travel Area, and the Council of Seleya.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Foreign relations
- 5 Military
- 6 Economy
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Demographics
- 9 Ethnic groups
- 10 Education
- 11 Culture
- 12 References
- 13 External Links
Main article: History of Tukarali
See also: Timeline of Tukarese History
The earliest records of a Tukarese state date to the 7th Century BCE, under the rule of the Kemokian Empire. Modern Tukarali gains its name from the satrapy which administered the region at that time, the Satrapy of Tokharya-e. When Kemoku collapsed in 465 BCE, the ancient Tukarese tribes gained independence as a loose confederation of tribes. In the 3rd through 8th Centuries CE, all of ancient Tukarali, as well as most of Seleya, would fall under the control of the Mu-Tze Khanate. Later Seleyan empires rose and fell, with control of Tukarali shifting between those various foreign powers. Tukarali would finally gain sustained independence in the 18th Century CE with the establishment of the United Tribes of Tukarali, a modern confederation of the Mu-Tze and indigenous Tukarese tribes.
During the 24th Century, Lusitânians migrated en masse to Tukarali, seeking to escape persecution under measures taken in Darnussia to Artanianise the country. The Lusitânians established many large settlements throughout Tukarali. Increasingly dominant in the economy, government, and media, the Lusitânians gained major influence and their language became a common form of communication between the settlers and many indigenous tribes. Tukarali soon gained a reputation as a major destination for refugees and migrants from Artania, Dovani, Majatra, and Seleya.
Historically a heavily decentralized nation-state, the increasingly diverse Tukarali faced enormous growing pains and relations with the indigenous population worsened. The influence of the native Tukarese tribes was severely reduced and the political power centered with the descendants of the early immigrant communities eventually brought an end to the United Tribes governmental system. A key turning point was the election of Ryan Malagar as Great Chieftain in 2786. Within the same year, Malagar initiated a national campaign to modernize Tukarali, establish a formal constitution, and strengthen the central government. The Glorious Republic of Tukarali was founded and the tribal system was effectively ended. Malagar, re-positioned as the first president of the new republic, also enforced a common language for Tukarali, recognizing Tukarese-Lusitânian, officially renamed as "Modern Tukarese," as that lingua franca. In additional to industrialization, many of today's cities were established during this period, including the capital city of Sangon. Although the Malagar Era is noted as the beginning of modern Tukarali, it is also criticized due to Malagar's authoritarianism and the republic's operation as a one-party dominant state.
Tukarali is located immediately north of the equator and has a tropical climate. The spring tends to be rainy and humid and the summers are usually hot. Fall is warm and windy and the winter is cool. While snow is extremely rare in most of Tukarali, it is common in the heights of the mountains that form the southern border with Aldegar. Rainforests can be found throughout Lago Cuantu and São Miguel but they are most plentiful Borusca, where they compose around 80% of the land. There is also a large river system that runs through most of Tukarali, especially in the east.
Running along Tukarali's southern border is a large mountain range that extends into Aldegar. In the north of Vale do Morata is a smaller, tropical mountain range which extends into Valruzia. The northern mountain range is dotted with lakes and has several waterfalls.
Government and politics
Tukarali is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a hereditary monarch and a unicameral parliament, the Royal Senate.
At the first administrative level, Tukarali is divided into five provinces and one capital region. These administrative units are further divided into smaller divisions as designated by the local government. Each province is led by a directly-elected governor and has a unicameral legislature. The federal capital region is led by a directly-elected mayor with the equivalent powers of a provincial governor.
|Datã||384,600 km²||129,932,320||Monte Agudo|
|Lago Cuantu||355,200 km²||163,499,221||Guri|
|São Miguel||357,040 km²||134,261,731||Porto dos Santos|
|Tukarese Capital Region||1,160 km²||8,370,634|
|Vale do Morata||426,300 km²||120,959,185||Cortês|
Tukarali has historically been a neutral and self-reliant nation. Most Tukarese governments have sought to avoid international politicking and have taken cautious stances towards foreign issues. Throughout its entire history, Tukarali has never been involved in any major international conflicts or wars. In the past, Tukarali has maintained a mandated status of neutrality although that original treaty is not currently active.
The monarch is the de jure top commander of the military but this function is de facto fulfilled by the Minister of Defense. The Minister of Defense works closely with the High Consul to decide appointments of military leaders and generals.
The Tukarese Armed Forces are divided into three branches: Army, Navy, and Air Force.
Tukarali has a moderately strong economy and the main industries are agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. Other notable industries Tukarali include mining.
The primary stock exchange is the São Miguel Stock Exchange (SMSE), located in São Miguel.
The primary language of Tukarali is Modern Tukarese, which is considered the main official language of the nation. Modern Tukarese emerged with widespread usage in the 2800s under efforts of Ryan Malagar to modernize the highly decentralized and under-developed nation. Today, Old Tukarese is nearly extinct but in secluded regions of rainforests the language is still spoken among some indigenous tribes.
There are five big universities in Tukarali:
- University of São Miguel
- Borusca Tech University
- University of Lago Cuantu
- University of Vale do Morata
- University of Datã
Hosianism is the largest religion in Tukarali, being practiced by around 52% of the nation. Some 48% of the population claim to be Aurorians, while about 4% consider themselves Ameliorates. Tukarali has the third largest number of practitioners of the Aurorian faith in Terra.
The second largest religion in the nation is Inkolo Esintsundu Sizwe Syncretism, which is practiced by about 8% of the population. The group saw its number rise considerably during the existence of the Tukarali Emirate in the early 3100s.
As a multi-ethnic country, various other religions in Tukarali have a significant amount of followers, like Ahmadism and Kamism. Daenism, Yazdism, and Jienism account for less than 5% of Tukarali's population. There is also a small minority (over 2%) that practice native faith such as Kanzo and indigenous beliefs.
Arts and architecture
Customs and holidays
Media and entertainment
The two most popular sports in Tukarali are association football and horse racing. These two sports have gone back and forth in serving as the official "national sport" of the nation.
Other sports present in Tukarali include volleyball, tennis, martial arts, and baseball.