|approx. 75 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Jelbo-Tukaric peoples|
The Turjak people or Türjak people, also known as Tukaric people or Tukars, are a Jelbo-Tukaric ethnic group located primarily in modern Jakania. Related to other Tukaric peoples as well as the Jelbek people of Jelbania, Vanuku and Barmenistan, they are spread throughout the region of southern Majatra. The history of Turjak culture and language has been heavily shaped by the influence of the Augustan Empire and the Ahmadi Caliphate in the region in the first millenium.
Most Turjaks speak the Tukaric language and the dominant religion within the population is Ahmadism, a significant impact of the influence of the Caliphate as mentioned already. Turjaks are the dominant ethnic group in Jakania and Turjak nationalism has been a significant political ideology since the Great Empire of Turjak, as well as ideas of pan-Tukaric unity. Culturally, the Turjaks are often thought share much with Majatrans and Kalopian people and both groups form significant minority populations in Jakania.
The majority of the Turjak population in Jakania adheres Ahmadism, although Turjak minority populations in neighbouring countries and across the world practise many other faiths. The dominant sect among Turjak Ahmadis is Israism. The political role of religion in Jakania has been a matter of significant controversy throughout the country's history.
Following the establishment of the first Republic, the country became officially secular based on the political thought of Temiz Ozkan. Part of the reason for this secularism was to protect the minority populations of the new Jakanian state and assure them that the country would not be organised around the Turjak majority. In modern times, religion remains an important factor in political debate and the country is nominally an Ahmadi republic, often being cited as a prime example of Ahmadi democracy.
In spite of the modern role of Ahmadism in politics, this is often articulated in terms of support for "Ahmadi values" as a guiding principle in political debate, rather than the implementation of religious law through the mechanisms of the state. The latter form of political Ahmadism is far more common in Majatran countries.
Outside of Ahmadism, the most significant religion among Turjaks is Hosianism, the Apostolic Church of the East in particular. Indigenous Turjak faiths are still practised in some rural Jakanian communities and in other parts of the country they have been combined with other world religions.
The majority of the Turjak population across the globe speaks Tukaric as their first language, although outside of Jakania it is common for Turjaks to use the national language of their country too.