The symbol of the World Congress
|Formed||1 January 4100|
|Parent agency||World Congress|
The World Congress Security Council is the World Congress' governing authority and has the power to make most decisions on matters within the scope of the organisation. As the governing authority of the World Congress, the Security Council currently has the exclusive power to pass binding resolutions on member states.
The Security Council is composed of permanent and non-permanent members. Permanent members are those countries that are identified as the most important international powers in global affairs and they are granted automatic membership of the body. Non-permanent members are elected in regional groupings at the beginning of each Security Council term. For the current term, there are four permanent members and five non-permanent members.
Over time there have been various reforms to the structure and operation of the Security Council.
Permanent members are not elected and are determined by an independent team of World Congress officials who recommend the countries that they deem to among the most important and influential in international politics. Since the creation of this system, this has always been multiple countries and has generally been four. Permanent members possess veto power over all Security Council resolutions, this means that if they vote against a resolution then it will automatically fail regardless of the votes of the rest of the members.
Non-permanent members are elected at the beginning of a Security Council. Under the current system of election, there are five non-permanent members, each from a different regional group. The procedures for election differs between these seats, with the fifth seat having separate special procedures.
For the first four seats, the fifty-eight original members of the World Congress are divided into four regional groups and each seat elects a single representative. Although only countries from within the group can be elected, all fifty-eight countries are eligible to vote in all four seats.
For the fifth seat, the remaining special members of the Security Council (numbering around twenty-five) vote among themselves to elect a single country to the position. For this reason, it has been described as a "quota seat" since the original members countries of the World Congress are not entitled to vote in elections for it.
As the governing authority of the World Congress, the Security Council currently has the exclusive power to pass binding resolutions on member states. Any country may propose a resolution for the Security Council's consideration and all members may offer comment and feedback on the resolution before it is formally voted upon.
In order for a resolution to be adopted and become binding, it must receive more votes in favour than against when voting concludes on the resolution. In addition, it must not have been opposed by a permanent member (i.e. not have been vetoed). Although there is no process for formal amendment of a resolution once it has been passed, precedent dictates that later resolutions can be used to repeal the provisions of previous ones.
At the beginning of a Security Council term, members generally elect a President. The role of the President is to chair discussions and provide political leadership to aid in the pursuit of the body's objectives. Whereas the General Secretary should only moderate discussion between Security Council members, the President should actively seek to promote compromise and conflict resolution. They are responsible for ensuring that resolutions are robustly debated and properly crafted before being brought to a vote. In general, they are tasked with driving the dialogue forward within the Security Council.